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1999 | 44 | 4 |
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Silicified shallow-water ostracodes from the Early Carboniferous of South China

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Skrzemionkowane plytkowodne malzoraczki z wczesnego karbonu poludniowych Chin
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EN
Well preserved silicified ostracodes have been found in a presumably allochthonous detrital limestone lens within argillaceous limestones of the Muhua Formation of the Muhua section in Guizhou Province, South China. Some 32 species have been identified and assigned to 24 genera. Houhongfeiella microspinosa gen. et sp. n., Gortanella ruggierii sp. n., Coryellina grammi sp. n., Coryellina advenoides sp. n., Guerichiella coeni sp. n., Knightina jiqiangi sp. n., Hypotetragona? sinica sp. n., Cavellina robinsoni sp. n., Cavellina guizhouensis sp. n., Sulcella jonesi sp. n., Bairdia cheni sp. n., and Bairdiacypris wangi sp. n. are proposed. Similarity at the generic level exists between ostracode faunas of the Early Carboniferous formations of China, Australia, Europe, Asia and North America. Unlike the ostracodes from the underlying nodular limestones of the Wangyou Formation that represent the basinal 'Thuringian ecotype' fauna, the ostracode assemblage of the studied interval belongs to the 'Eifelian ecotype' and is indicative of a well-oxygenated, normal salinity, high-energy shallow-water environment. The term calcified internal rim is proposed for the internal structure developed along the free margin in some palaeocopid ostracodes. It differs from the calcified inner lamella of podocopids mainly in the lack of marginal pore canals, lack of vestibulae and lack of clear separation from the outer lamella.
PL
Profil osadów późnego dewonu i wczesnego karbonu (turneju) w odsłonięciu Muhua, w prowincji Guizhou, w południowych Chinach, reprezentuje niskoenergetyczne środowiskoz dominacją fauny planktonicznej i nektonicznej (Hou et al. 1985). W soczewce wapieni w górnej części Formacji Muhua znaleziono bogaty zespół skrzemionkowanych płytkowodnych małżoraczków turnejskich. Ogółem oznaczono 32 gatunki, z których 12 jest nowych, oraz wyróżniono 3 nowe rodzaje. Opisany zespół reprezentuje tzw. "eifelski ekotyp'' małżoraczkowy, wskazujący na środowisko płytkowodne, dobrze natlenione o normalnym zasoleniu. Prawdopodobnie jest to zespół allochtoniczny, przeniesiony wzdłuż skłonu basenu na miejsce depozycji w środowisku głębszym.W odróżnieniu od opisanego zespołu, fauna małżoraczkowa w niższej części profilu reprezentuje tzw. "furyngijski ekotyp'' małżoraczkowy z przewagą kolczastych podokopidów, wsazujący na spokojne środowisko głębszego morza. W pracy przedyskutowano występowanie, budowę oraz znaczenie dla taksonomii wewnętrznych struktur dotychczas określanych jako "zwapniała blaszka wewnętrzna'', występujących wzdłuż brzegu wolnego u niektórych małżoraczków tradycyjnie zaliczanych do rzędu Palaeocopida Henningsmoen, 1953. Dla struktur tych wprowadzono nowy termin "zwapniała obręcz wewnętrzna", uznając, że nie jest to struktura analogiczna do "zwapniałej blaszki wewnętrznej'' występujacej u małżoraczków z rzędu Podocopida Müller, 1894. Opisana struktura ma więc mniejsze znaczenie dla taksonomii paleozoicznych paleokopidów niż to było dotychczas uznawane przez niektórych badaczy.
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44
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4
Opis fizyczny
s.383-436,fot.,rys.,bibliogr.
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autor
  • Instytut Paleobiologii PAN, ul.Twarda 51-55, 00-818 Warszawa
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