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1996 | 37 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Induced isozyme polymorphism in spring barley mutants

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The usefulness of mutagenic treatment to enlarge isozymic variability of barley and the use of induced mutants for genetic analysis were evaluated. N-methyl-N-nitroso urea, sodium azide and gamma rays were employed as mutagenic agents. Electrophoretic assays of 3848 M₂ seedlings obtained by chemical mutagenic treatment of the spring barley cultivars Dema, Aramir, Bielik and 3100 M₂ seedlings obtained by physical mutagenic treatment of the cv. Dema revealed 70 isozymic mutants, which represent 30 separate mutants in 25 M₁ plants. Most of mutations (27) were induced by chemical mutagen at polymorphic esterase loci. The occurrence of induced mutants at monomorphic loci, Got2 and Lap2, made it possible to perform genetic analysis of those loci in barley including mapping respective genes within chromosomes.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
37
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.1-9,fig.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Genetics, University of Silesia, Jagiellonska 28, 40-032 Katowice, Poland
  • Plant Breeding and Genetics Section, Joint FAO/IAEA Division, IAEA, Vienna, Austria
Bibliografia
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  • HANSON W.D., KRAMER H.H. (1950). The determination of linkage intensities from F₂ and F₃ genetic data involving chromosomal interchanges in barley. Genetics 35: 559-569.
  • HART G.E., ISLAM A.K.M.R., SHEPERD K.W. (1980). Use of isozymes as chromosome markers in the isolation and characterization of wheat-barley chromosome addition lines. Genet. Res. Camb. 36: 311-325.
  • KAHLER A.L., ALLARD R.W. (1981). Wordwide patterns of genetic variation among four esterase loci in barley (H. vulgare L.). Theor. Appl. Genet. 59: 101-111.
  • KLEINHOFS A., KILIAN A., SAGHAI MAROOF M.A., BIYASHEV R.M., HAYES P., CHEN F.Q., LAPITAN N., FENWICK A., BLAKE T.K., KANAZIN V., ANANIEV E., DAHLEEN L., KUDRNA D., BOLLINGER J., KNAPP S.J., LIU B., SORRELS M., HEUN M., FRANCKOWIAK J.D., HOFFMAN D., SKADSEN R., STEFFENSON B.J. (1993). A molecular, isozyme and morphological map of the barley. Theor. Appl. Genet. 86: 705-712.
  • KLEINHOFS A., OWAIS W.M., NILAN R.A. (1978). Azide. Mutation Res. 55: 165-195.
  • KUCHARSKA M., MAŁUSZYŃSKI M. (1991a). Isoenzymatic description of the diversity in spring barley induced mutant collection. Cereal Res. Commun. 19: 171-175.
  • KUCHARSKA M., MAŁUSZYŃSKI M. (1991b). Linkage of two mutant allzymes for Est5 and Aat3 with marker loci on barley chromosomes 1 and 3. Cereal Res. Commun. 19: 165-169.
  • KUCHARSKA M., MAŁUSZYŃSKI M. (1995). Estimation of induced mutation rates of four esterase genes in barley. Cereal Res. Commun. In press.
  • KUCHARSKA M., KACZOROWSKA K., ALI E.S., MAŁUSZYŃSKI M. (1995). Linkage of two mutant allozymes for Amp 2 and Aal 2 with marker loci on barley chromosomes 1 and 6. Cereal Res. Commun. In press.
  • LUNDQVIST U., LUNDQVIST A. (1988). Mutagen specificity in barley for 1580 eceriferum mutants localized to 79 loci. Hereditas 108: 1-12.
  • MAŁUSZYŃSKI M. (1982). The high mutagenic effectivneness of MNUA in inducing a diversity of dwarf and semi-dwarf forms of spring barley. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 51: 429-440.
  • MAŁUSZYŃSKI M., AHLOOWALIA B.S., SIGURBJORNSSON B. (1995). Application of in vivo and in vitro mutation techniques for crop improvement. Euphytica 85: 303-315.
  • MAŁUSZYŃSKI M., AMANO E., AHLOOWALIA B., VAN ZANTEN L., SIGURBJORNSSON B. (1994). Mutation techniques and related biotechnologies for rice improvement. In: Seventh Meeting of the International Program on Rice Biotechnology, May 1994, Bali, The Rockefeller Foundation, New York.
  • McMILLIN D.E., ALLAN R.E., ROBERTS D.E. (1986). Association of isozyme locus and strawbreaker foot rot resistance derived from Aegilops venlricosa in wheat. Theor. Appl. Genet. 72: 743-747.
  • MICKE A., DONINI B., MAŁUSZYŃSKI M. (1987). Induced mutations for crop improvement - a review. Trop. Agrie. 64: 259-278.
  • NEVO F., BROWN A.H.D., ZOHARY O. (1979). Genetic diversity in the wild progenitor of barley in Israel. Experientia 36: 1027-1029.
  • NIELSEN G. (1982). Supplementary and new evidence on the location of five enzyme loci on barley chromosomes. Barley Genet. Newslett. 12: 68-69.
  • RICK C.M., FOBES J.F. (1974). Association of an allozyme with nematode resistance. Rep. Tomato Genet. Coop. 24: 25.
  • SOLIMAN K.M., ALLARD R.W. (1989). Chromosome locations of additional barley enzyme loci identyfied using wheat-barley addition lines. Plant Breeding 102: 177-181.
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  • TANKSLEY S.D., RICK C.M. (1980). Isozymic gene linkage map of the tomato: Application in genetics and breeding. Theoret. Appl. Genet. 57: 161-170.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-article-baa98609-69c1-43b3-a5b0-812346e16295
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