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2007 | 16 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Digital map of water erosion risk in Poland: a qualitative, vector-based approach

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Poland remains one of the few countries with nationwide assessment of erosion risk in detailed scales. An existing map of potential water erosion risk was produced in 1980 according to the qualitative method of potential water erosion risk (PWER) indicator, developed by Anna and Czeslaw Jozefaciuk. The potential erosion risk indicator means an erosion thread for the soil without any plant cover and based on only relatively static factors of slope, soil kind (texture) and average annual rainfall, distinguishing five grades of erosion intensity. The indicator provides no information for real and actual state of erosion risk, which depends mostly on the kind of land use. Therefore, an effort has been made to produce a map of actual water erosion risk for Poland, based on the Józefaciuks' methodology for the qualitative indicator of actual water erosion risk (AWER), which includes a land use factor as well as a factor for erosion prevention techniques. The work includes the production of an actual water erosion map based on the digitized map of poten­tial water erosion at a scale of 1:300,000 and CORINE Land Cover 2000 as a source for land use informa­tion. The results show relatively high actual erosion risk in highest intensities: 1.7% of Poland under very strong erosion, 1.0% under strong erosion and 4.4% under average erosion. Compared to potential water erosion, where the same grades cover 17.6% of the country's area, the erosion risk at high grades decreased by 10.5%. According to the land use structure derived from CLC2000, around 2,300,000 hectares show the risk of water erosion in high erosion intensity grades and require erosion control measures.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
16
Numer
5
Opis fizyczny
p.763-770,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • The Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Czartoryskich 8, 24-100 Pulawy, Poland
autor
Bibliografia
  • 1. JADCZYSZYN J., STUCZYNSKI T, SZABELAK P, WAWER R., ZIELIŃSKI M. History and current status of research and policies regarding soil erosion in Poland. In Agricultural Impacts on Soil Erosion and Soil Biodiversity: Developing Indicators for Policy Analysis. Proceedings from an OECD Export Meeting Rome, Italy, March 2003, pp. 201-209, 2003.
  • 2. JÓZEFACIUK CZ., JÓZEFACIUK A. Erosion of Agroecosytems, Biblioteka Monitoringu środowiska, pp. 168, 1995, [in Polish].
  • 3. MARUSZCZAK H. Chemical denudation. In: Geografia Polski, Środowisko Przyrodnicze, PWN, 1991, [in Polish].
  • 4. JÓZEFACIUK CZ, JÓZEFACIUK A. The Erosion Mecha­nisms and Methodological Indicators for the Research on Erosion, Biblioteka Monitoringu Środowiska, pp. 148, 1996, [in Polish].
  • 5. JÓZEFACIUK CZ., JÓZEFACIUK A., NOWOCIEŃ E., WAWER R. The Anti-erosion Management of Grodarz Stream Watershed with Consideration of Flood Risk Mitiga­tion. Monografie I Rozprawy Naukowe, Wyd. IUNG, 4, 69, 2002, [in Polish].
  • 6. NOWOCIEŃ E., WAWER R. The Comparison of Qualitati­ve Analytical Methods and Physical Modeling in Water Ero­sion Investigations. Zeszyty Problemowe Nauk Rolniczych, 487, 69, 2002, [in Polish].
  • 7. WAWER R. Digital Watershed Model as a basis for project­ing anti-erosional meliorations in rural watersheds. Acta Agrophysica, 115, 201, 2004, [in Polish].
  • 8. BITTNER G., FERANEC J., JAFFRAIN G. Corine land cover update 2000: Technical guidelines, EEA Technical re­port No 82, 2002.
  • 9. EEA. The thematic accuracy of Corine land cover 2000.Assessment using LUCAS (land use/cover area frame statisti­cal survey). EEA technical report No 7/2006, pp. 90, 2006
  • 10. WAWER R., NOWOCIEŃ E., BUDZYŃSKA K., KOZYRA J. A digital map of surface water erosion endargement for Poland. Spatial resolution of 500m. Roczniki Akademii Rol­niczej w Poznaniu, CCCLXXV, Rolnictwo 65, 215, 2006, [in Polish].
  • 11. WAWER R., NOWOCIEŃ E. Digital map of surface water erosion occurrence for Poland. Spatial resolution of 500m. Roczniki Akademii Rolniczej w Poznaniu, CCCLXXV, Rol­nictwo 65, 207, 2006, [in Polish]
  • 12. ZALIWSKI A., STUCZYŃSKI T. Integrated Information System on Agriculture. Nowe Rolnictwo, 12, 38, 1999, [in Polish].
  • 13. DUER I., FOTYMA M. Polish Code of Good Agricultural Practice. Wyd. IUNG, Puławy, pp. 74, 1999, [in Polish].
  • 14. WOCH F. The expected effects of anti-erosional meliora­tions In process of integrated land improvements. Roczniki Akademii Rolniczej w Poznaniu, CCLXVI, pp. 357-365, 1994, [in Polish].
  • 15. CORINE. Soil Erosion Risk and Important Land Resources in the Southern Regions of the European Community. EUR 13233,1992
  • 16. KIRKBY M. J., JONES R. J. A., IRVINE B., GOBIN A., GOVERS G., CERDAN O., VAN ROMPAEY A. J. J., LE BISSONNAIS Y., DAROUSSIN J., KING D., MON- TANARELLA L., GRIMM M., VIEILLEFONT V., PUIG- DEFABREGAS J., BOER M., KOSMAS C., YASSOGLOU N., TSARA M., MANTEL S., VAN LYNDON G. J. AND HUTING J. 2004. Pan-European Soil Erosion Risk Assess­ment: The Pesera Map Version 1 October 2003. Explanation of: Special Publication Ispra 2004 No.73 S.P.I.04.73, EC JRC, EUR 21176 EN, pp. 30
  • 17. VAN DER KNIJF J. M., JONES R. J. A., MONTANAREL- LA L. Soil Erosion Risk Assessment in Europe. EEA, EUR 19044 EN, pp. 38, 2002.
  • 18. VIEILLEFONT V. et al. Validation Of Soil Erosion Esti­mates At European Scale. European Commision, JRC, EUR 20827 EN, pp. 38, 2003.
  • 19. ERHARD M., BÖKEN H., GLANTE F. The Assessment of the Actual Soil Erosion Risk in Germany, Based on CORINE Land-Cover and Statistical Data from the Main Representative Survey of Land Use. In Agricultural Im­pacts on Soil Erosion and Soil Biodiversity: Develop­ing Indicators for Policy Analysis. Proceedings from an OECD Export Meeting, Rome, Italy, March 2003, pp. 253-262, 2003.
  • 20. GOBIN A., GOVERS G., JONES R., KIRKBY M., KOS­MAS C. Assessment and reporting on soil erosion. Back­ground and workshop report. EEA technical report 92, pp. 103, 2003
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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