PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2008 | 56 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Ten years of change in ground-layer vegetation of European beech forest in the protected area [Ojcow National Park, South Poland]

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Long-term changes in groundlayer vegetation of unique stand of Carpathian beech forest Dentario glandulosae-Fagetum considered partly as a natural succession due to climatic changes and partly as a response to canopy dynamics, were investigated in the Ojcow National Park (South Poland). Species composition and structure of the herb layer in the permanent research area were compared in 1993 and after ten years. About 77% of the study area was changed in this period, but the spatial pattern of distribution and intensity was highly mosaic. The mean intensity of changes calculated according to formula (1) derived from changes in percent cover of species was 42%. Herb cover decreased by about 15%, probably due to the rapid development of natural recruitment of trees in the study area (48% of area was covered by dense tree ecruitment). In the same time the number of plant species and vegetation types (homogeneous vegetation patches of the size at least 1m2, that differed from neighbouring patches in species composition and/or species share) increased substantially. It is probably due to greater variation of light condition in ground layer created as a result of canopy gaps dynamics (the area of windthrow mounds in the study area increased approximately eight times between 1993 and 2003). There was a significant decline of species typical for beech forests, especially of vernal geophytes like Dentaria glandulosa W.K. and Isopyrum thalictroides L. Although it is too early to predict any directional changes, it is possible that the beech forest community will change into the Tilio-Carpinetum association in some parts of study area. Nowadays the expansion of invasive alien species Impatiens parviflora DC. is the great threat to the forest vegetation of the protected study area and the Ojcow National Park. This species in 10 years managed to displace native species in 3% of the study area. The drastic decrease in herbaceous plants cover connected with increase in tree seedlings and saplings, systematic decline of vernal geophytes and typical beechwood species, diversification of ground vegetation structure and composition, and finally occurrence of non-native invasive plant species inform about highly dynamic nature of climax beech forests and generally of temperate forests. Changes are induced probably by both changing climate and overstorey dynamics.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
56
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.17-31,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Agricultural University in Krakow, Al.29 Listopada 46, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Alexandrowicz Z., Alexandrowicz S. W. 2004 – Ewolucja rzeźby i środowiska Płaskowyżu Ojcowskiego [Relief and environment evolution of the Ojcow Plateau] (In: Zrożnicowanie i przemiany środowiska przyrodniczo-kulturowego Wyżyny Krakowsko-Częstochowskiej, T. 1, Przyroda [The diversification and transformation of natural and cultural environment of the Krakow–Częstochowa Upland, Vol. 1, Nature] Ed. J. Partyka) – OPN, Ojcow, pp. 47–54. (in Polish with English summary)
  • Andrzejczyk T., Brzeziecki B. 1995 – The structure and dynamics of old-growth Pinus sylvestris L. stands in the Wigry National Park, north–eastern Poland – Vegetatio, 117: 81–94.
  • Beckage B., Clark J.S., Clinton B.D., Haines B.L. 2000 – A long-term study of tree seedling recruitment in southern Appalachian forests: the effects of canopy gaps and shrub understories – Can. J. For. Res. 30: 1617–1631.
  • Bernadzki E., Bolibok L., Brzeziecki B., Zajączkowski J., Żybura H. 1998 – Rozwoj drzewostanow naturalnych Białowieskiego Parku Narodowego w okresie od 1936 do 1996 roku [Development of natural forests in the Białowieża National Park between 1936 and 1996] – „Rozwoj” SGGW Foundation, Warszawa. (in Polish).
  • Bjornstad O.N. 1991 – Changes in forest soils and vegetation in Sogne, southern Norway, during a 20 year period – Holarctic Ecology, 14: 234–244.
  • Bradshaw R.H.W. 1993 – Tree species dynamics and disturbance in three Swedish boreal forest stands during the last two thousand years – J. Veget. Sci. 4: 759–764.
  • Brewer R. 1980 – A half-century of changes in the herb layer of a climax deciduous forest in Michigan – J. Ecol. 68: 823–832.
  • Bruelheide H., Udelhoven P. 2005 – Correspondence of the fine-scale spatial variation in soil chemistry and the herb layer vegetation in beech forests – For. Ecol. Manage. 210: 205–223
  • Brunet J., Falkengren-Grerup U., Tyler G. 1997 – Pattern and dynamics of the ground vegetation in south Swedish Carpinus betulus forests: importance of soil chemistry and management –Ecography, 20: 513–520.
  • Burschel P., el Kateb H., Mosandl R. 1992 – The ecology and silviculture of mixed-species forests, Ed M.J. Kelty – Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 183–215.
  • Coll L., Balandier P., Picon-Cochard C., Prevosto B., Curt T. 2003 – Competition for water between beech seedlings and surrounding vegetation in different light and vegetation composition conditions – Ann. For. Sci. 60: 593–600.
  • Collins B.S., Pickett S.T.A. 1988 – Demographic responses of herb layer species to experimental canopy gaps in a northern hardwoods forest – J. Ecol. 76: 437–450.
  • Curt T., Coll L., Prevosto B., Balandier P., Kunstler G. 2005 – Plasticity in growth, biomass allocation and root morphology in beech seedlings as induced by irradiance and herbaceous competition – Ann. For. Sci. 62: 51–60.
  • Danielewicz W., Zientarski J. 2005 – Długoterminowe badania regeneracji boru gornoreglowego w Karkonoszach [Long-term researches on the process of regeneration of subalpine spruce forests in Karkonosze Mountains] (In: Długoterminowe zmiany w przyrodzie terenow chronionych w Polsce: zakres zmian, ich tempo oraz mechanizmy [Long-term changes in the nature of protected areas in Poland: range, rate and mechanisms of changes] – Symposium in Krakow – Krościenko n/D., 13–15 may 2005 (in Polish)
  • Davis M.A., Wrage K.J., Reich P.B. 1998 – Competition between tree seedlings and herbaceous vegetation: support for a theory of resource supply and demand – J. Ecol. 86: 652–661.
  • Davison S.E., Forman R.T.T. 1982 – Herb and shrub dynamics in a mature oak forest: a thirty-year study – Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 109: 64–73.
  • Degen T., Devillez F., Jacquemart A.-L. 2005 – Gaps promote plant diversity in beech forests (Luzulo-Fagetum), North Vosges, France – Ann. For. Sci. 62: 429–440.
  • Faliński J.B. 1986 – Vegetation dynamics in temperate lowland primeval forests. Ecological studies in Białowieża Forest – Geobotany, 8: 1–537. Dr W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht/ Boston/Lancaster.
  • Ford E.D., Newbould P.J. 1977 – The biomass and production of ground vegetation.and its relation to tree cover through a deciduous woodland cycle – J. Ecol. 65: 201–212.
  • Graae B.J., Heskjar V.S. 1997 – A comparison of understorey vegetation between untouched and managed deciduous forest in Denmark – For. Ecol. Manage. 96: 111–123.
  • Hardtle W., von Oheimb G., Westphal Ch. 2003 – The effects of light and soil conditions on the species richness of the ground vegetation of deciduous forests in northern Germany (Schlezwig-Holstein) – For. Ecol. Manage. 182: 327–338.
  • Izdebski K., Kimsa T., Kozak K., Michna E., Popiołek Z., Stączek A., Zinkiewicz A. 1977 – Influence of habitats of two forest ecosystems on productivity of pine stands in central Roztocze. Part II – Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, Lublin-Polonia, Sectio C, Vol. XXXII, 1, pp. 1–43.
  • Jelaska S.D., Antonić O., Božić M., Križan J., Kušan V. 2006 – Responses of forest herbs to available understory light measured with hemispherical photographs in silver fir-beech forest in Croatia – Ecol. Model. 194: 209–218.
  • Kern Ch.C., Palik B.J., Strong T.F. 2006 – Ground-layer plant community responses to even-age and uneven-age silvicultural treatments in Wisconsin northern hardwood forests – For. Ecol. Manage. 230: 162–170.
  • Kirby K.J. 2000 – Long term changes in the ground flora of English woodland and some implications for nature conservation – Proceedings IAVS Symposium, Opulus Press Uppsala, pp. 32–34.
  • Klein J. 1974 – Mezo- i mikroklimat Ojcowskiego Parku Narodowego [Meso- and microclimate of Ojcow National Park] – Studia Naturae, Series A, 8: 1–105. (in Polish)
  • Lawesson J.E., de Blust G., Grashof C., Firbank L., Honnay O., Hermy M., Hobitz P., Jensen L.M. 1998 – Species diversity and area-relationships in Danish beech forests – For. Ecol. Manage. 106: 235–245.
  • Leemans R. 1986 – Structure of the primeval forest of Fiby (In: Forest dynamics research in Western and Central Europe, Ed. J. Fanta) – Pudoc Wageningen, pp. 221–230.
  • Maciejewski Z. 2006 – Dynamika populacji gatunkow drzewiastych w zbiorowiskach leśnych o rożnej żyzności w Roztoczańskim Parku Narodowym [Dynamics of tree species populations in forest communities differing in soil fertility in the Roztocze National Park] – Unpublished. PhD Thesis, Agricultural University in Krakow. (in Polish).
  • Małecki J. 1977 – Morfologia i hydrografia [Morphology and hydrography] (In: Przyroda Ojcowskiego Parku Narodowego [Nature of the Ojcow National Park] Ed. K. Zabierowski) – PWN – Polish Scientific Publishers, Krakow, pp. 63–80. (in Polish).
  • Małek S., Wężyk P. 2000 (eds.) Monitorowanie procesow zachodzących w drzewostanach bukowych, w zmieniających się warunkach środowiska przyrodniczego, na przykładzie Ojcowskiego Parku Narodowego i Leśnego Zakładu Doświadczalnego w Krynicy [Monitoring of the processes occurring in the beech forests in changing environmental conditions on examples: the Ojcow National Park and the Forest Experimental Station in Krynica] – Mała Poligrafia, Krakow-Nowy Sącz (in Polish).
  • Masaki T., Tanaka H., Tanouchi H., Sakai T., Nakashizuka T. 1999 – Structure, dynamics and disturbance regime of temperate broad-leaved forests in Japan – J. Veg. Sci. 10: 805–814.
  • McCarthy J. 2001 – Gap dynamics of forest trees: A review with particular attention to boreal forests – Environ. Rev. 9: 1–59.
  • McCune B., Antos J.A. 1981a – Correlations between forest layers in the Swan Valley, Montana – Ecology, 62: 1196–1204.
  • McCune B., Antos J.A. 1981b – Diversity relations of forest layers in the Swan Valley, Montana – Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 108: 354–361.
  • Medwecka-Kornaś A., Kornaś J. 1963 – Potential natural vegetation of the Ojcow National Park (Southern Poland) – Bulletin de L’Academie Polonaise des Sciences Cl. II, Vol. XI, No. 7, pp. 357–359.
  • Michalik S. 1978 – Rośliny naczyniowe Ojcowskiego Parku Narodowego [Vascular plants of the Ojcow National Park] – PWN, Warszawa-Krakow. (in Polish with English summary)
  • Michalik S. 1979 – Charakterystyka ekologiczna kserotermicznej i gorskiej flory naczyniowej Ojcowskiego Parku Narodowego [Ecological characterization of the xerothermal and montane vascular flora of the Ojcow National Park] – PWN, Warszawa-Krakow. (in Polish with English summary).
  • Michalik S. 1987 – Zbiorowiska roślinne stałej powierzchni badawczej „Chełmowa Gora” w Ojcowskim Parku Narodowym [The plant communities in the permanent research plot „Chełmowa Gora” in Ojcow National Park] – Parki Narodowe i Rezerwaty Przyrody [National Parks and Nature Reserves], pp. 79–88. (in Polish).
  • Moore M.R., Vankat J.L. 1986 – Responses of the herb layer to the gap dynamics of a mature beech-maple forest – Am. Midl. Nat. 115 (2): 336–347.
  • Mountford E.P., Savill P.S., Bebber D.P. 2006 – Patterns of regeneration and ground vegetation associated with canopy gaps in a managed beechwood in southern England – Forestry, 79(4): 389–408.
  • Naaf T., Wulf M. 2007 – Effects of gap size, light and herbivory on the herb layer vegetation in European beech forest gaps – For. Ecol. Manage. 244: 141–149.
  • Nakashizuka T., Iida S., Tanaka H., Shibata M., Abe S., Masaki T., Niiyama K. 1992 – Community dynamics of Ogawa Forest Reserve, a species rich deciduous forest, central Japan – Vegetatio, 103: 105–112.
  • Nowak J. 1995 – Struktura przestrzenna dna lasu na Gorze Chełmowej w Ojcowskim Parku Narodowym [The structure of the forest floor vegetation in Chełmowa Mt. in the Ojcow National Park] – Unpublished. Msc Thesis, Agricultural University in Krakow. (in Polish).
  • von Oheimb G., Brunet J. 2007 – Dalby Soderskog revisited: long-term vegetation changes in a south Swedish deciduous forest – Acta Oecol. 31: 229–242.
  • Okland T., Bakkestuen V., Okland R.H., Eilersten O. 2004 – Changes in forest understorey vegetation in Norway related to long-term soil acidification and climatic change – J. Veg. Sci. 15: 437–448.
  • Paluch J.G. 2005 – The influence of the spatial pattern of trees on forest floor vegetation and silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) regeneration in uneven-aged forests – For. Ecol. Manage. 205: 283–298.
  • Peterken G.F. 1993 – Long-term studies in forest nature reserves (In: European Forest Reserves, Eds. M.E.A. Broekmeyer, W. Vos, H. Koop) – Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, pp. 35–48.
  • Peterken G.F. 1996 – Natural woodland. Ecology and conservation in northern temperate regions – Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 522.
  • Remmert H. 1985 – Ekologia [Ecology] – PWRiL, Warszawa, 248 pp.
  • Robinson G.R., Yurlina M.E., Handel S.N. 1994 – A century of change in Staten Island flora: ecological correlates of species loses and invasions – Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 124: 119–129.
  • Rooney T.P., Dress W.J. 1997 – Patterns of plant diversity in overbrowsed primary and mature secondary hemlock-northern hard-wood forest stands – J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 124: 43–51.
  • Small Ch.J., McCarthy B.C. 2002 – Spatial and temporal variation in the response of understorey vegetation to disturbance in a central Appalachian oak forest – J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 129: 136–153.
  • Standovar T., Kenderes K. 2003 – A review on natural stand dynamics in beechwoods of East Central Europe – Appl. Ecol. Environ. Res. 1: 19–46.
  • Szewczyk J., Szwagrzyk J. 1996 – Tree regeneration on rotten wood and on soil in oldgrowth stand – Vegetatio, 122: 37–46.
  • Szwagrzyk J., Szewczyk J., Bodziarczyk J. 1995 – Structure of forest stand in the Żarnowka reserve of the Babia Gora National Park – Folia Forestalia Polonica, Series A, 37: 111–123.
  • Szwagrzyk J., Szewczyk J., Bodziarczyk J. 2001 – Dynamics of seedling banks in beech forest: results of a 10-year study on germination, growth and survival – For. Ecol. Manage. 141: 237–250.
  • Taverna K., Peet R.K., Phillips L.C. 2005 – Long-term change in ground-layer vegetation of deciduous forests of the North Carolina Piedmont, USA – J. Ecol. 93: 202–213.
  • Tumidajowicz D. 1995 – Structure, dynamics and population biology of Dentaria glandulosa (Cruciferae) – Polish Botanical Studies, 10.
  • Ujhazy K., Križova E., Vančo M., Freňakova E., Ondruš M. 2004 – Herb layer dynamics of primeval fir-beech forests in the central Slovakia (In: Natural forests in the temperate zone of Europe – values and utilization, Eds. B. Commarmot, F.D. Hamor) – Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Birmensdorf & Carpathian Biosphere Reserve, Rakhiv, pp. 193–202.
  • Ulanova N.G. 2000 – The effects of windthrow on forests at different spatial scales: a review – For. Ecol. Manage. 135: 155–167.
  • Whigham D.F. 2004 – Ecology of woodland herbs in temperate deciduous forests – Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 35: 583–621.
  • Whitney G.G., Foster D.R. 1988 – Overstorey composition and age as determinants of the understorey flora of woods of central New England – J. Ecol. 76: 867–876.
  • Wiegmann S.M., Waller D.M. 2006 – Fifty years of change in northern upland forest understories: Identity and traits of “winner” and “loser” plant species – Biol. Conserv. 129: 109–123.
  • Zarzycki K., Trzcińska-Tacik H., Rożański W., Szeląg Z., Wołek J., Korzeniak U. 2002 – Ecological indicator values of vascular plants of Poland – W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow, 183 pp.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-article-add6df86-fffe-4b2e-bb70-21c39faf765e
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.