PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
1993 | 38 | 3-4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Early introduction of major morphological innovations

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The origin of major morphological innovations poses a major problem for macroevolutionary biologists. Such innovations appear to be overwhelmingly concentrated early in the history of major clades; subsequent evolution involves elaboration and variation on these early themes. Although confirmation of this pattern requires morphometric techniques only now being developed, it seems too firmly established to be an illusion. A variety of explanations have been advanced for the extensive morphologic innovation during the Cambrian radiation, including the ecospace hypothesis which relies on more extensive ecospace, and a variety of genomic hypotheses ranging from a more rapid rate of real or apparent mutation, to novel types of genetic change, or novel effects within a more plastic developmental system. Recently some theorists have suggested the inherent properties of complex dynamic systems are a sufficient explanation. However, most discussions have emphasized the ecosystem and genomic hypotheses. These have proven difficult to disentangle because no unique predictions about expected patterns have been proposed, but I suggest here phylogenetic tests which do discriminate between these possibilities. There is a curious distinction between the empty ecospace hypothesis and one variant of the developmental hypothesis: Under the former, extensive morphologic innovation should be possible whenever extensive ecospace becomes available. The constraints on innovation are atemporal and extrinsic. In contrast, under the second scenario the formation of developmental systems itself constrains further innovation. Thus the concentration of innovation early in the history of clades may stem from irreversible changes associated with the origin, rather than subsequent modification, of development.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
38
Numer
3-4
Opis fizyczny
p.281-294
Twórcy
autor
  • Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, USA
Bibliografia
  • Aaltonen, L.A., Peltomaki, P., Leach, F.S., Sistonen, P., Pylkkanen, L., Mecklin, J. , Javinen, H., Powell, S.M., Jin, J., Hamilton, S.R., Petersen, G.M., Kinzler, K.W., de la Chappele, A., & Bogelstein, B. 1993. Clues to the pathogenesis of familial colorectal cancer. Science 260, 812-816.
  • Arthur, W. 1984. Mechanisms of Morphological Evolution. 275 pp. John Wiley, Chichester.
  • Arthur, W. 1988. A Theory of the Evolution of Development. 94 pp. John Wiley, Chicester.
  • Arthur, W.B. 1988. Self-reinforcing mechanisms in economics. In: P.W. Anderson, K.J. Arrow, & D. Pines (eds) The Economy as an Evolving Complex System, 9-27. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
  • Ballard, J. W.O., Olsen, G.J., Faith, D.P., Odgers, W.A., Rowell, D.M., & Atkinson, P.W. 1992. Evidence from 12S ribosomal RNA sequences that onychophorans are modified arthropods. Science 258, 1345-1348.
  • Bambach, R.K. 1983. Ecospace utilization and guilds in marine communities. In: M.J.S. Tevesz & P.L. McCall (eds) Biotic Interactions in Recent and Fossil Communities, 719-746. Plenum Press, New York.
  • Bonner, J.T. (ed.) 1982. Evolution and Development. 357 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Bonner, J.T. 1988. The Evolution of Complexity. 260 pp. Princton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Briggs, D.E.G. & Fortey, R.A. 1989. The early radiation and relationships of the major arthropod groups. Science 246, 241-243.
  • Briggs, D.E.G., Fortey, R.A., & Wills, M.A. 1992. Morphologic disparity in the Cambrian. Science 256, 1670-1673.
  • Campbell, K.S.W. & Marshall, C.R. 1987. Rates of evolution among Paleozoic echinoderms. In: K.S.W. Campbell & M.F. Day (eds) Rates of Evolution, 61-100, Allen & Unwin, Boston.
  • Conway Morris, S. 1989. Burgess shale faunas and the Cambrian explosion. Science 246, 339-346.
  • Conway Morris, S. 1992. Burgess Shale-type faunas in the context of the ‘Cambrian explosion
’: a review. Journal of the Geological Society of London 149, 631-636.
  • Conway Morris, S. 1993. The fossil record and the early evolution of the Metazoa. Nature 361, 219-225.
  • Crimes, T.P. & Droser, M.L. 1992. Trace fossils and bioturbation: the other fossil record. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 23, 339-360.
  • De Queiro, K. & Gauthier, J. 1990. Phylogeny as a central principle in taxonomy: phylogenetic definitions of taxon names. Systematic Zoology 39, 307-322.
  • De Vries, H. 1910. The Mutation Theory. Vol. I and II. Open Court, Chicago.
  • Dietrich, M.R. 1992. Macromutation. In: E.F. Keller & E.A. Lloyd (eds) Keywords in Evolutionary Biology, 194-201, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
  • Dover, G. 1986. Molecular drive in multigene families: How biological novelties arise, spread and are assimilated. Trends in Genetics 2, 159-165.
  • Doyle, J.A. & Donoghue, M.J. 1993. Phylogenies and angiosperm diversification. Paleobiology 19, 141-167.
  • Droser, M.L. & Bottjer, D.J. 1988. Trends in extent and depthof bioturbation in Cambrian carbonate marine environments, western United States. Geology 16, 233-236.
  • Droser, M.L. & Bottjer, D.J. 1993. Trends and patterns of Phanerozoic ichnofabrics. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science 21, 205-225.
  • Erwin, D.H. 1990. Variations on a theme. Paleobiology 16, 96-100.
  • Erwin, D.H. 1992. A preliminary classification of evolutionary radiations. Historical Biology 6, 133-147.
  • Erwin, D.H. 1993. The Great Paleozoic Crisis: Life and Death in the Permian. 327 pp. Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Erwin, D.H. (in press) The origin of metazoan development. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society.
  • Erwin, D.H. & Valentine, J.W. 1984. “Hopeful mosters, “transposons and metazoan radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 81, 5482-5483.
  • Erwin, D.H., Valentine, J.W., & Sepkoski, J.J., Jr. 1987. A comparative study of diversification events: the early Paleozoic versus the Mesozoic. Evolution 41, 1177-1186.
  • Foote, M. 1991. Morphologic patterns of diversification: examples from trilobites. Palaeontology 34, 461-485
  • Foote, M. 1992. Rarefaction analysis of morphological and taxonomic diversity. Paleobiology 18, 1-16.
  • Foote, M. 1993. Discordance and concordance between morphological and taxonomic diversity. Paleobiology 19, 185-204.
  • Foote, M. & Gould, S.J.; response by Briggs, D.E.G., Fortey, R.A., & Wills, M.A. 1992 Cambrian and recent morphological disparity. Science 258, 1816-1818.
  • Goldschmidt, R. 1940. The Material Basis of Evolution. 436 pp. Yale University Press, New Haven.
  • Gould, S.J. 1989. Wonderful Life. 347 pp. W.W. Norton, New York.
  • Gould, S.J. 1991. The disparity of the Burgess Shale arthropod fauna and the limits of cladistic analysis: why we must strive to quantify morphospace. Paleobiology 17, 411-423.
  • Green, D.M. 1991. Chaos, fractals and nonlinear dynamics in evolution and phylogeny. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 6, 333-337
  • Hall, B.K. 1992. Evolutionary Developmental Biology. 275 pp. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Hoffman, A. 1989. Arguments on Evolution. 274 pp. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Holland, J.H. 1988. The global economy as an adaptive system. In: P.W. Anderson, K. J. Arrow, & D. Pines (eds) The Economy as an Evolving Complex System, 117-124. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
  • Hughes, N.C. 1991. Morphological plasticity and genetic flexibility in Cambrian trilobites. Geology 19, 913-916.
  • Jablonski, D. & Bottjer, D.J. 1990. The ecology of evolutionary innovations. In: M.H. Nitecki (ed) Evolutionary Innovations, 252-288. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Jacobs, D.K. 1990. Selector genes and the Cambrian radiation of Bilateria. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 87, 4406-4410.
  • John, B. & Miklos, J. 1988. The Eukaryotic Genome in Development and Evolution. 416 pp. Allen & Unwin, Boston.
  • Kauffman, S.A. 1989a. Cambrian explosion and Permian quiescence: implications of rugged fitness landscapes. Evolutionary Ecology 3, 274-281
  • Kauffman, S.A. 1989b. Origins of order in evolution: self-organization and selection. In: B. Goodwin & P. Saunders (eds) Theoretical Biology, 67-88. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
  • Kauffman, S.A. 1992. The science of complexity and “Origins of Order”. In: J. Mittenthal & A. Baskin (eds) Principles of Organization in Organisms, Addison-Wesley, New York.
  • Kauffman, S.A. 1993. The Origins of Order. 709 pp. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Lauder, G.V. & Liem, K.F. 1989. The role of historical factors in the evolution of complexorganismal functions. In: D.B. Wake, & G. Roth (eds) Complex Organismal Functions: Integration and Evolution in the Vertebrates, 63-68. Hohn Wiley, Chichester.
  • Liem, K.F. 1990. Key evolutionary innovations, differential diversity and cymecomorphosis. In: M.H. Nitecki (ed) Evolutionary Innovations, 147-170. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Lipps, J.H. 1992. Proterozoic and Cambrian skeletonized protists. In: J.W. Schopf & C. Klein (eds) The Proterozoic Biosphere, 237-240. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Lipps, J.H. & Signor, P. W. 1992. Origin and Early Evolution of the Metazoa. 570 pp. Plenum Press, New York.
  • Lyttle, T.W.A. 1991. Segregation distorters. Annual Review of Genetics 25, 511-557.
  • Marx, J. 1993. New colon cancer gene discovered. Science 260, 751-752.
  • Mittenthal, J.E. & Baskin, A.B. (eds) 1992. The Principles of Organization in Organisms. 447 pp. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
  • Mitter, C., Farell, B., & Wiegmann, B. 1988. The phylogenetic study of adaptive zones: has phytophagy promoted insect diversification? American Naturalist 132, 107-128.
  • Morris, P.J. 1993. The developmental role of the extracellular matrix suggests a monophyletic origin of the Kingdom Animalia. Evolution 47, 152-165.
  • Müller, G.B. & Wagner, G.P. 1991. Novelty in evolution: restructuring the concept. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 22, 229-256.
  • Newell, N.D. 1952. Catastrophism and the fossil record. Evolution 10, 97-101.
  • Olson, E.C. & Miller, R.L. 1958. Morphological Integration. 317 pp. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Peltomaki, P., Aaltonen, L.A., Sistonen, P., Pylkkanen, L., Mecklin, J., Havinen, H., Green, J.S., Jass, J.R., Weber, J.L., Leach, F.S., Petersen, G.M., Hamilton, S.R., de la Chappele, A., & Bogelstein, B. 1993. Genetic mapping of a locus predisposing to human colorectal cancer. Science 260, 810-812.
  • Raff, R.A. & Kaufman, T.C. 1983. Embryos, Genes and Evolution. 395 pp. Macmillan, New York.
  • Raff, R.A. & Raff, E.C. 1987. Development as an Evolutionary Process. 329 pp. Alan Liss, New York.
  • Raup, D.M. 1983. On the early origins of major biologic groups. Paleobiology 9, 107-115.
  • Schindewolf, O.H. 1950. Grundfragen der Paläontologie. 505 pp. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart.
  • Schindewolf, O.H. 1954. Über die faunenwende vom Palaozoikum zum Mesozoikum. Zeitschrift Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 105, 153-183
  • Simonetta, A.M. & S. Conway Morris (eds) 1991. The Early Evolution of Metazoa and the Significance of Problematic Taxa. 296 pp. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Smith, A.B. 1988. Patterns of diversification and extinction in Palaeozoic echinoderms. Palaeontology 31, 799-828.
  • Smith, A.B. & Patterson, C. 1988. The influence of taxonomic method on the perception of patterns of evolution. Evolutionary Biology 23, 127-216.
  • Thibodeau, SN., Bren, G., & Schaid, D. 1993. Microsatellite instability in cancer of the proximal colon. Science 260, 816-819.
  • Thompson, K.S. 1988. Morphogenesis and Evolution. 154 pp. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Valentine, J.W. 1977. General patterns of metazoan evolution. In: A. Hallam (ed) Patterns of Evolution, 27-57. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • Valentine, J.W. 1980. Determinants of diversity in higher taxonomic categories. Paleobiology 6. 444-450.
  • Valentine, J.W. 1986. Fossil record of the origin of Baupläne and its implications. In: D.M. Raup & D. Jablonski (eds) Patterns and Processes in the History of Life, 209-231. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Valentine, J.W. 1991. Major factors in the rapidity and extent of the metazoan radiation during the Proterozoic-Phanerozoic transition. In: A.M. Simonetta & S. Conway Morris (eds) The Early Evolution of Metazoa and the Significance of Problematic Taxa, 11-13. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Valentine, J.W., Awramik, S.M., Signor, P.W., III, & Sadler, P.M. 1991. The biological explosion at the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary. Evolutionary Biology 25, 279-356.
  • Valentine, J.W. & Campbell, C.A. 1975. Genetic regulation and the fossil record. American Scientist 63, 673-680.
  • Valentine, J.W. & Erwin, D.H. 1987. Interpreting great developmental experiments: the fossil record. In: R.A. Raff & E.C. Raff (eds) Development as an Evolutionary Process, 71-107. Alan R. Liss, New York.
  • Valentine, J.W. & Walker, T.D. 1986. Diversity trends within a model taxonomic hierarchy. Physica D 22, 31-42.
  • Wimsatt, W.C. & Schank, J.C. 1988. Two constraints on the evolution of complex adaptations and the means of their avoidance. In: M.H. Nitecki (ed) Evolutionary Progress, 231-273. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-article-a747f05f-c8ef-4616-8ab0-f7e0756c3297
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.