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2004 | 22 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Analysis of genetic structure in Polish Red and Polish Black-and-White cattle using twelve marker loci potentially related to milk or meat production traits

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Polish Red (PR) is the native Polish cattle breed included in the FAO National Rare Livestock Breeds Preservation Programme. The breed is characterized by high vitality and fertility, calving ease, resistance to diseases, and low requirements for feed. Milk yield is low, but fat and protein content of milk are high. The frequencies of alleles of commonly studied loci as well as the presence of new or rarely reported DNA polymorphisms were studied in a group of about 300 PR cows belonging to two subpopulations. Moreover, gene frequencies were compared between two PR subpopulations, and with a reference population of the Black-and-White (BW) cattle. The investigation was intended to reveal the genetic specificity of PR and provide new arguments for its protection.Except for loci Pit1 and GH-MspI, the allele frequencies of CSN3, LGB, GH-AluI, GHRH, LEP and PRL genes in PR were found different from those appearing in BW cattle. Although the estimated genetic distance between PR and BW populations appeared very short (0.0146, R=0.986), variants of several genes identified in PR were found absent or very rare in BW cattle. These included the LGBI variant, 11-bp deletion in MSTN gene, as well as several unique nucleotide sequence variants of 5’-noncoding regions of CSN1S1, CSN1S2, GH, and PRL genes. At loci CSN3, LGB, IGF1 and GH-AluI significant differences were found also between the two PR subpopulations studied.
PL
Bydło polskie czerwone (w tekście i tabelach – PR) to rasa rodzima, objęta programem hodowli zachowawczej FAO, charakteryzująca się dużą żywotnością, płodnością, łatwością ocieleń, odpornością na choroby i małymi wymaganiami pokarmowymi. Wydajność mleka krów PR jest niska, ale mleko cechuje wysoki procent tłuszczu i białka. Dokonano genetycznej charakterystyki bydła PR na podstawie polimorfizmu 12 loci markerowych, potencjalnie związanych z cechami produkcji mleka i mięsa. Nadto, na podstawie częstości występowania alleli wybranych genów, bydło PR porównano z bydłem cb (w tekście i tabelach – BW). Obok chęci uzyskania precyzyjniejszej niż dotąd informacji o genetycznej strukturze bydła PR autorzy pragnęli dostarczyć nowych argumentów przemawiających za ochroną tej rasy. Przebadano 311 krów i jałówek rasy PR, należących do dwóch subpopulacji – północnej i południowej.Poza loci GH-MspI i Pit-1, frekwencje alleli innych analizowanych genów (CSN3, LGB, GH-AluI, GHRH, LEP i PRL) w rasie PR okazały się istotnie różne niż w rasie BW. Ponadto, u bydła PR znaleziono warianty niektórych genów nieobecne lub bardzo rzadkie u bydła BW. Dotyczyło to m.in. wariantu LGBI, 11-nukleotydowej delecji w genie MSTN oraz niektórych unikatowych mutacji w rejonach 5’ genów CSN1S1, CSN1S2, GH i PRL. Wykazano także różnice w częstości występowania alleli loci CSN3, LGB,IGF-1 i GH-AluI między dwiema subpopulacjami bydła PR.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
22
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.153-171,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Polish Academy of Sciences, Jastrzebiec, 05-552 Wolka Kosowska, Poland
autor
autor
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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