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2007 | 48 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Clastogenic and mitodepressive effects of the insecticide dichlorvos on root meristems of Vicia faba

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Plant bioassays are an important and integral part of the test battery used in detecting genotoxic/carcinogenic contamination in the environment. Highly sensitive biomonitoring of plant models have been developed, which enables the detection of hazards arising from pesticides, insecticides, industrial contamination, heavy metals and radiation. Root tips of Vicia faba ssp. minor were treated with 1-60 mM of the organophosphorus insecticide dichlorvos (DDVP) for 2 h, followed by a 20-h recovery period. Maleic acid hydrazide (MH) was used as a positive control for the mitotic index, micronucleus and chromosomal aberration assays performed on the Vicia model system. All treatments with DDVP significantly decreased the mitotic activity and increased the frequency of chromosomal aberrations at the metaphase. The frequency of micronuclei was significantly increased at DDVP concentrations starting from 10 mM. The results demonstrate clastogenic and mitodepressive effects of DDVP on Vicia faba cells.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
48
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.359-361,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Laboratory of Cytogenetics, Department of General Genetics, Molecular Biology and Plant Biotechnology, University of Lodz, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
autor
  • Laboratory of Cytogenetics, Department of General Genetics, Molecular Biology and Plant Biotechnology, University of Lodz, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
autor
  • Department of Biochemistry, University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Amer AS, Ali ME, 1986. Cytological effects of pesticides, XVII. Effect of the insecticide dichlorvos on root - mitosis on Vicia faba plant. Cytologia 51: 21-25.
  • Amphlett GE, Dellow GF, 1984. Statistical analysis of the micronucleus test. Mutat Res 124: 69-84.
  • Dimitrov B, Gadeva P, 1997. Genotoxicity studies on the insecticide Dursban in root meristem cells of Crepis capillaries L. Environ Exp Bot 37: 199-209.
  • El-Sebae AH, Soliman SA, 1982. Mutagenic and carcinogenic chemical in the Egyptian agricultural environment. In: Fleck RA, Hollaender A, eds. Genetic Toxicology and Agricultural Perspective: 119-126.
  • Gentile JM, Gentile GJ, Bultman J, Sechriest R, Wagner ED, Plewa MJ, 1982. An evaluation of the genotoxic properties of insecticides following plant and animal activation. Mutat Res 101: 19-29.
  • Grant WF, 1982. Plant mutagen assays based upon chromosome mutations. Environmental mutagenesis, carcinogenesis and plant biology. Praeger Press N.Y.: 2: 1-24.
  • IARC, 1983. Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemical to Humans: 30. International Agency for Research on Cancer, France: 114-225.
  • Kanaya N, Gill BS, Grover IS, Murin A, et al. 1994. Vicia faba chromosomal aberrations test assays. Mutat Res 310: 231-247.
  • Macioszek V, Kononowicz AK, 2004. The evaluation of the genotoxicity of two commonly used food colours: quinoline yellow (El04) and brilliant black BN (E151). Cell Mol Biol Lett 9: 107-122.
  • Müller WU, Streffer C, 1994. Micronucleus assay. In: Obe G, ed. Advances in mutagenesis research 5. Springer-Verlag: 1-134.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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