Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2005 | 14 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Validation and optimization of conditions for the sequential extraction of manganese from ash

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Methods of sequential extraction are used to determine various chemical forms of metals in environmental samples. With the variety of different sequential extraction procedures used in environmental exploration studies, it is difficult to compare results between studies. The attempt of validation of methods of analysis of chemical fraction of Mn in ashes by FAAS method for two procedures of sequential extraction (BCR and Tessier et al.) was perfomed. It was found that both tested procedures give comparable and reproducible results. The optimal conditions of BCR methods were established, which are: parameters of ash sample (grain diameter – 0.06 mm, drying temperature – 110°C for 24 hrs, mass sample – 1.00 g) and parameters of sequential extraction process (time – 6 hrs, relation of mass of sample to the volume of extraction solution – 1:4). The optimum conditions of sequential extraction of Mn from coal fly ash can be applied in the study of chemical fraction of Mn in fly ash in different research laboratories.
Opis fizyczny
  • Rzeszow University of Technology, al.Powstancow Warszawy 6, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
  • 1. NAMIEŚNIK J. (Ed.), The preparation of environmental samples for analysis, WNT, Warszawa, pp. 80-81, 2002 (in Polish).
  • 2. SAHUQUILLO A., LOPEZ-SANCHEZ J.F., RUBIO F., RAUREN G., THOMAS R.P., DAVIDSON C.M.,URE A.M., Use on certified reference material for extractable trace metals to assess sources of uncertainty in the BCR three-stage sequential extraction procedure, Anal. Chim. Acta, 382, 317, 1999.
  • 3. TESSIER A., CAMPBELL P. G. C., BISSON H., Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulated metals, Anal. Chem., 51(7), 844, 1979.
  • 4. KALEMBKIEWICZ J., SITARZ-PALCZAK E., Comparative study of sequential extraction procedures for manganese speciation in soils, Polish J. of Soil Science, 35(2), 74, 2002.
  • 5. SUTHERLAND R. A., TACK F. M. G., Determination of Al, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb i Zn in certified reference materials using the optimized BCR sequential extraction procedure, Analytica Chimica Acta, 454(2), 249, 2002.
  • 6. PETIT M. D., RUCANDIO M. I., Sequential extractions for determination of cadmium distribution in coal fly ash, soil and sediment samples, Analytica Chimica Acta, 401, 283, 1999.
  • 7. BÓDOG I., POLYAK K., CSISKÓS – HARTYANYI Z., HAVAY J., Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of elements in fly ash samples, Microchemical Journal, 54(107), 320, 1996.
  • 8. BRUNORI C., MESTER Z., CREMISINI C., FODOR P., MORABITO R., Application of a three step sequential ekstraction procedure for the fractionation of metals in two different types of fly ash, Annali di Chimica, 89(11–12), 891, 1999.
  • 9. KIM D.H., PARK S.J., LEE D.W., LIM H.B., HWANG J.W., Speciation and sequential ekstraction of trace metals in incinerator fly ash using IC and ICP-MS, Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies, 25(5), 717, 2002.
  • 10. SMEDA A., ŻYRNICKI W., Application of sequential extraction and the ICP-AES method for study of the partitioning of metals in fly ashes, Microchem. J., 72, 9, 2002.
  • 11. CHOMCHOEI R., SHIOWATANA J., PONGSAKUL P., Continuous-flow system for reduction of metal readsorption during sequential extraction of soil, Analytica Chim. Acta, 472(1–2), 147, 2002.
  • 12. ALONSO M.C., PUIG D., SILGONER I., GRASSERBAUER M., BARCELỎ D., Determination of priority phenolic compounds in soil samples by various extraction methods followed dy liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mass spectrometry, Journal of Chromatography A, 823(1–2), 231, 1998.
  • 13. GOOSSENS J., MOENS L., DAMS R., Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometric determination of heavy metals in soil and sludge candidate reference materials, Analytica Chim. Acta, 304(3), 307, 1995.
  • 14. MOSSOP K.F., DAVIDSON CH.M., Comparison of original and modified BCR sequential extraction procedures for the fractionation of copper, iron, lead, manganese and zinc and sediments, Analytica Chim. Acta, 478(1), 111, 2003.
  • 15. BETTINELLI M., BEONE G.M., SPEZIA S., BAFFI C., Determination of heavy metals in soils and sediments by microwave-assisted digestion and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry analysis, Analytica Chim. Acta, 424(2), 289, 2000.
  • 16. HELTAI GY., PERCSICH K., FEKETE I., BARABÁS B., JÓZSA T., Speciation of waste water sediments, Microchem. J., 67(1–3), 43, 2000.
  • 17. MESTER Z., CREMISINI C., GHIARA E., MORABITO R., Comparison of two sequential extraction procedure for metal fractionation in sediment samples, Analytica Chim. Acta, 359(1–2), 133, 1998.
  • 18. TÜZEN M., Determination of trace elements in the River Yesilirmak sediments in Tokat, turkey using sequential extraction procedure, Microchem. J., 74(1), 105, 2003.
  • 19. TAKALIOGLU S., KARTAL S., ELÇI L., Determination of heavy metals and their speciation in lake sediments by flame atomic absorption spectrometry after a four-stage sequential extraction procedure, Analytica Chim. Acta, 413(1–2), 33, 2000.
  • 20. LAVILLA I., PEREZ-CID B., BENDICHO C., Use of flowinjection sample to standard addition methods forquantification of metals leached by selective chemical extraction from sewage sludge, Analytica Chim. Acta, 381(2–3), 297, 1999.
  • 21. PARDO P., LÓPEZ-SÁNCHEZ J.F., RAURET G., Characterization, validation and comparison of three methods for the extraction of phosphate from sediments, Analytica Chim. Acta, 376(2), 183, 1998.
  • 22. MARTIN R., SANCHEZ D.M., GUTIERREZ A.M., Sequential extraction of U, Th, Ce, La and some heavy metals in sediments from Ortigas river, Spain, Talanta, 46(5), 1115, 1998.
  • 23. FILGUEIRAS A.V., LAVILLA I., BENDICHO C., Comparison of conventional and fast thermal programme approaches for determination of total and extractable Cd in sediments by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry following sequential extraction, Analytica Chim. Acta, 466(2), 303, 2002.
  • 24. Norma Branżowa BN-81/0623-01. Fly ashes and slags from kettles heated with hard and brown coal. Sampling and preparation of samples.
  • 25. Polska Norma PN-77/G-04528/00. Solid fuels. Determination of chemical composition of ash. Preparation of ash sample and solution for testing.
  • 26. KALEMBKIEWICZ J., SITARZ-PALCZAK E., Optimization of mineralization procedures for the determination of Mn in soil samples, Atomic Spectrosc., 22, 433, 2001.
  • 27. ECKSCHLAGER K., The errors in chemical analysis, PWN, Warsaw, pp.165-170, 1974 (in Polish).
  • 28. HYK W., STOJEK Z., The statistical analysis in analytical laboratory, Committee for Analytical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Science, Warsaw, pp. 40-42, 2000 (in Polish).
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.