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1999 | 29 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Comparative efficacy of four ansethetics on common carp Cyprinus carpio L.

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
PL
Porownanie efektywnosci czterech anestetykow zastosowanych u karpia Cyprinus carpio L.
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Anesthetics are often used to immobilise fishes in research. Many chemicals have been tested in anesthetisation of fishes and each chemical has its own merits and demerits. In the present study, four anesthetics namely, 2-phenoxyethanol, quinaldine, MS-222, and benzocaine were selected to test the efficiency in anesthetisation of common carp Cyprinus carpio. Results indicated that the induction time of the fish exposed in four anesthetic solutions significantly (P < 0.05) decreased with increasing concentration but recovery time was independent to concentration. The effective concentration which produced anesthesia within 3 minutes and allowed recovery within 5 minutes in common carp were 600 mm3/dm3 (2-phenoxyethanol), 6 mg/ dm3 (quinaldine), 50 mg/ dm3 (MS-222), and 50 mg/ dm3 (benzocaine). A brief comparison about the advantages and drawbacks of the four anesthetics are given in Tab. 4.
PL
Anestetyki są często stosowane do unieruchamiania ryb dla przeprowadzenia badań naukowych. Wiele związków chemicznych testowano pod kątem ich przydatności jako anestetyków. Każdy z nich ma jednak swoje strony pozytywne jak i negatywne. W niniejszych badaniach wybrano cztery anestetyki (2-fenoksyetanol, ąuinaldinę, MS-222 i benzokainę) w celu zbadania ich efektywności w anestezji karpia (Cyprinus carpio). Otrzymane wyniki wskazują, że czas indukcji u ryb poddanych działaniu roztworów anestetyków w sposób istotny (P < 0, 05) malał wraz ze wzrostem stężenia, zaś czas „dobudzania" był niezależny od stężenia. Skuteczne stężenia, które pozwalały osiągnąć „efekt usypiający" po 3 minutach i „dobudzenie" po 5 minutach wynosiło u karpia 600 mm3/dm3 w przypadku 2-fenoksyetanolu, 6 mg/dm3 dla quinaldiny, 60 mg/dm3 dla MS-222 oraz 50 mg/dm3 w przypadku benzokainy. Zwięzłe porównanie zalet i wad czterech badanych anestetyków podano w tabeli 4.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
29
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
s.91-97, tab.,bibliogr.
Twórcy
autor
  • Fathima College of Pharmacy, Kadayanallur-627 759, Tamil Nandu, India
Bibliografia
  • Allen J.L., 1988: Residues of benzocaine in rainbow trout, largemouth bass, and fish meal. Progr.Fish Cult., 50: 59-60.
  • Brandenburger Brown E.A., J.E. Franklin, E. Pratt, E.G. Trams, 1972: Contribution to the pharmacology of quinaldine (uptake and distribution in the shark and comparative studies).Comp. Biochem. PhysioL, 42A: 223-231.
  • Gilderhus P.A., C.A, Lenun, L.C. Wood, 1991: Benzocaine as an anesthetic for striped bass.Progr. Fish Cult., 53:105-107.
  • Gilderhus P.A., L.L. Marking, 1987: Comparative efficacy of 16 anesthetic chemicals on rainbow trout. N. Am. J. Fish. Manag., 7: 288-292.
  • Guo F.C., L.H. Teo, T.W. Chen, 1995: Effects of anesthetics on the water parameters in a stimulated transport experiment of platyfish, Xiphophorus maculatus (Günther), Aqua. Res,, 26:265-271.
  • Hseu J.R., Y.Y. Ting, 1995: Anesthesia of aquatic animals. Aquatic animal disease control, 2; 4-7.(In Chinese).
  • Hseu J.R., S.L. Yeh, Y.T. Chu, Y.Y. Ting, 1994: The anesthetic effects of 2-phenoxyethanol In goldline sea bream (Sparus sarba). J, Taiwan Fish. Res., 2, 2: 41-49.
  • Hseu J.R, S.L. Yeh, Y.T. Chu, Y.Y. Ting, 1995: The use of 2-phenoxyethanol as an anesthetic In the transport of black porgy Acanthopagrus schlegeli. 3. Taiwan Fish. Res., 3, 1: 11-18.
  • Hseu J.R., S.L. Yen, Y.T. Chu, Y.Y. Ting, 1997: Different anesthetic effects of 2-phenoxymethanol on four species of teleost. J. Fish. Soc. Taiwan, 24: 185-191.
  • Hseu J.R, S.L. Yeh, Y.T. Chu, Y.Y. Ting, 1998: Comparison of efficacy of five anesthetic In goldiined sea bream, Sparus sarba. Acta Zooi. Taiwan, 9, 1: 11-18.
  • Imamura-Kojima H., F. Takashinia, T. Yoshida, 1987: Absorption, distribution and excretion of 2-phenoxyethanol in rainbow trout. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi. 53: 1339-1342.
  • Lambert T.C., 1982: Techniques for the capture and handling of Atlantic mackerel with special reference to use of quinaldine. Progr. Fish Cult., 44: 145-147.
  • Locke D.O., 1969: Quinaldine as art anesthetic for brook trout, lake trout and Atlantic salmon. U.S.Fish. Wildl. Serv., Invest. Fish Control, 24.
  • Malmstrem T., R. Salte H.M. Gjøen, A. Linseth, 1993: A practical evaluation of metomidate and MS-222 as anesthetics for Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hipaglossus). Aquaculture, 113:331-338.
  • Marking L.L., P.P. Meyer, 198:5: Are better anesthetics needed in fisheries? Fisheries, 10, 6: 2-5.
  • Mattson N.S., T.H. Riple, 1989: Metomidate, a better anesthetic for cod (Gadus marhua) in comparison with benzocaine, MS-222, chlorobutanol and phenoxyethanol. Aquaculture, 83: 89-94.
  • Morton W.E., 1990: Occupational phenoxyethanol neurotoxicity. A report of three cases. J. Occup,Med., 32: 42-45.
  • Ohr E.A., 1976:Tricainemethanesulfonate. I. PH and its effects on anesthetic potency. Cornp. Biochem.Physiol., 54C: 13-17,
  • Oikawa S., T. Takeda,, Y. Itazawa, 1994: Scale effects of MS-222 on a marine teleost, porgy Pagrus major. Aquaculture, 121: 369-379,
  • Smit G.L., J. Hattiagh, 1979: Anesthetic potency of MS-222 and neutralized MS-222 as studied In three fresh water fish species. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 62C: 237-241.
  • Summerfeh R.C., L.S. Smith, 1990: Anesthesia, surgery and related techniques. In: Methods for fish biology [R.C. Shreck, P.B. Moyle (eds.)], Am. Fish. Soc., Betheseda, MD, USA: 213-272.
  • Sylvester J.R, 1975: Factors influencing the efficacy of MS-222 to striped mullet (Mugil cephalus).Aquaculture, 6; 163-169.
  • Takashima F., H. Kasai, H. Asakawa, Y. Yamamoto, 1982: 2-phenoxyethanol as an anesthetic for fish. Suisanzoshoku, 30: 48-51.
  • Weyl O., H. Kaiser, T. Hecht, 1996: On the efficacy and mode of action of 2-phenoxyethanol as an anesthetic for goldfish, Carassius auratus (L.) at different temperatures and concentrations.Aqua. Res., 27: 757-764.
  • Zar J.H., 1984; B iostatistical Analysis. Prentice Hall, Inc., Engel wood C lifs, New Jersey.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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