PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2007 | 63 | 01 |
Tytuł artykułu

Preliminary investigation of canine leptospirosis in a rural area of Thailand

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Leptospirosis is a major zoonosis throughout the world. The disease can infect several mammal species of farming and domestic animals. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of canine leptospirosis in a rural area of Thailand. One hundred and fifty three non-leptospira vaccinated dogs were selected from the Nakhon Pathom province of Thailand during April 2006 by simple random sampling. The signalment data of age, breed and sex were recorded. All serum samples were reacted with 24 references of leptospira serovars by microscopic agglutination test (MAT). The results showed the highest positivity in dogs aged within 3-6 years (P < 0.05) but were not significantly different between the genders. The most prevalent serovar was tarassovi (30.7%) and its titer ranged from 50 to 400. For all 88 MAT positive sera, 62.5% and 37.5% were positive with multiple and single leptospira serovars, respectively. The high disease prevalence in dogs indicates the high leptospira contamination in this area. However, the potential of the disease transmitted source in dogs is indefinite. Consequently, for effective disease eradication strategies, the local prevalence of leptospira serovars should be utilized for further vaccination.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
63
Numer
01
Opis fizyczny
p.59-61,ref.
Twórcy
  • Chulalongkorn University, 10330, Bangkok, Thailand
Bibliografia
  • 1. Adesiyun A. A., Hull-Jackson C., Mootoo N., Halsall S., Bennett R., Clarke N. R., Whittington C. U., Seepersadsingh N.: Sero-epidemiology of canine leptospirosis in Trinidad: serovars, implications for vaccination and public health. J. Vet. Med. B 2006, 53, 91-99.
  • 2. Adin C. A., Cowgill L. D.: Treatment and outcome of dogs with leptospirosis: 36 cases (1990-1998). J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 2000, 216, 371-375.
  • 3. Birnbaum N., Barr S. C., Center S. A., Schermerhorn T., Randolph J. F., Simpson K. W.: Naturally acquired leptospirosis in 36 dogs: serological and clinicopathological features. J. Small Anim. Pract. 1998, 39, 231-236.
  • 4. Boutilier P., Carr A., Schulman R. L.: Leptospirosis in dogs: a serologic survey and case series 1996 to 2001. Vet. Ther. 2003, 4, 387-396.
  • 5. Broughton E. S., Scarnell J.: Prevention of renal carriage of leptospirosis in dogs by vaccination. Vet. Rec. 1985, 117, 307-311.
  • 6. Brown C. A., Roberts A. W., Miller M. A., Davis D. A., Brown S. A., Bolin C. A., Jarecki-Black J., Greene C. E., Miller-Liebl D.: Leptospira interrogans serovar grippotyphosa infection in dogs. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 1996, 209, 1265-1267.
  • 7. Cerri D., Ebani V. V., Fratini F., Pinzauti P., Andreani E.: Epidemiology of leptospirosis: observations on serological data obtained by a "diagnostic laboratory for leptospirosis" from 1995 to 2001. New Microbiol. 2003, 26, 383-389.
  • 8. Harkin K. R., Gartrell C. L.: Canine leptospirosis in New Jersey and Michigan: 17 cases (1990-1995). J. Am. Anim. Hosp. Assoc. 1996, 32, 495-501.
  • 9. Harkin K. R., Roshto Y. M., Sullivan J. T.: Clinical application of a polymerase chain reaction assay for diagnosis of leptospirosis in dogs. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 2003, 222, 1224-1229.
  • 10. Heath S. E., Johnson R.: Leptospirosis. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 1994, 205, 1518-1523.
  • 11. Hubbert W. T., Shotts E. B.: Leptospirosis in kennel dogs. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 1966, 148, 1152-1159.
  • 12. Levett P. N.: Leptospirosis. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 2001, 14, 296-326.
  • 13. Niwetpathomwat A., Niwatayakul K., Doungchawee G.: Surveillance of leptospirosis after flooding at Loei Province, Thailand by year 2002. Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health 2005, 36, 202-205.
  • 14. O'Keefe J. S., Jenner J. A., Sandifer N. C., Antony A., Williamson N. B.: A serosurvey for antibodies to Leptospira in dogs in the lower North Island of New Zealand. N. Z. Vet. J. 2002, 50, 23-25.
  • 15. Prescott J. F., Key D., Osuch M.: Leptospirosis in dogs. Can. Vet. J. 1999, 40, 430-431.
  • 16. Prescott J. F., McEwen B., Taylor J., Woods J. P., Abrams-Ogg A., Wilcock B.: Resurgence of leptospirosis in dogs in Ontario: recent findings. Can. Vet. J. 2002, 43, 955-961.
  • 17. Ratnam S.: Leptospirosis: an Indian perspective. Indian J. Med. Microbiol. 1994, 12, 228-239.
  • 18. Rentko V. T., Clark N., Ross L. A., Schelling S. H.: Canine leptospirosis. A retrospective study of 17 cases. J. Vet. Intern. Med. 1992, 6, 35-44.
  • 19. Scanziani E., Calcaterra S., Tagliabue S., Luini M., Giusti A. M., Tomba M.: Serological findings in cases of acute leptospirosis in the dog. J. Small. Anim. Pract. 1994, 35, 257-260.
  • 20. Scanziani E., Origgi F., Giusti A. M., Iacchia G., Vasino A., Pirovano G., Scarpa P., Tagliabue S.: Serological survey of leptospiral infection in kennelled dogs in Italy. J. Small Anim. Pract. 2002, 43, 154-157.
  • 21. Ward M. P., Guptill L. F., Prahl A., Wu C. C.: Serovarspecific prevalence and risk factors of leptospirosis amongst dogs; 90 cases (1997-2002). J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 2004, 224, 1958-1963.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-article-903b14d0-3a74-49cd-8efd-0710fde7adcf
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.