PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2009 | 65 | 06 |
Tytuł artykułu

Wplyw standardowego wysilku fizycznego koni na wartosci wybranych wskaznikow klinicznych i hematologicznych

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
EN
Effect of a standard physical exercise of horses on the values of selected clinical and haematological indices
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of the study was to evaluate the changeability of clinical and haematological indices as a result of a standard physical effort of horses. The study included 114 clinically healthy horses representing different groups: breeding horses (27), recreation horses (22) and sport horses (65). The group of sport horses consisted of race horses (11), trotters (15), jumping horses (25) and driving horses (14). The heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) measurements as well as blood collection were performed three times: before exercise, immediately after exercise and after a 30-minute rest. The blood samples were assessed for red blood cell count (RBC), hematocrit (Ht), hemoglobin (Hb), white blood cell count (WBC), lymphocytes (L) and neutrophils (N). The study demonstrated that a standard physical exercise in sport horses results in a significant, temporary changes in the values of clinical and haematological indices. The differences of these reactions in animals representing different sport disciplines suggest the relation with the intensity, type and duration of the effort. The highest post-exercise changeability of these indices was found in sport horses (especially driving horses) which were subject to the greatest exercise load. The average post-exercise increase of the values of HR, RR, RBC, Ht, Hb and L was 212; 637; 36; 41; 31 and 50% respectively. A relatively small physical effort of recreation horses did not result in statistically significant changes of these indices except for an increase in the respiratory rate (by about 115%).
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
65
Numer
06
Opis fizyczny
s.399-403,tab.,bibliogr.
Twórcy
autor
  • Panstwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny - Panstwowy Instytut Badawczy w Pulawach, Oddzial w Bydgoszczy, Al.Powstancow Wlkp.10, 85-090 Bydgoszcz
Bibliografia
  • 1.Al-Qudah K. M., Al-Majali A. M.: Status of biochemical and antioxidant variables in horses before and after long distance race. Revue Med. Vet. 2006, 157, 307-312.
  • 2.Art T., Lekeux P.: Execise-induced physiological adjustments to stressful conditions in sports horses. Livest. Prod. Sci. 2005, 92, 101-111.
  • 3.Fan Y. K., Hsu J. C., Peh H. C., Tsang C. L., Cheng S. P., Chiu S. C., Ju J. C.: The effects of endurance training on the hemogram of the horse. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 2002, 15, 1348-1353.
  • 4.Gottlieb-Vedi M., Essen-Gastavsson B., Lindholm A.: Cardio-respiratory and plasma lactate responses to exercise with low draught resistances in Standardbred trotters. J. Vet. Med. 1996, A 43, 635-641.
  • 5.Hargreaves B. J., Kronfeld D. S., Naylor J. R.: Ambient temperature and relative humidity influenced packed cell volume, total plasma protein and other variables in horses during an incremental submaximal field exercise test. Equine Vet. J. 1999, 31, 314-318.
  • 6.Horohov D. W., Keadle T. L., Pourciau M. A., Littlefield-Chabaud M. A., Kamerling S. G., Keowen M. L., French D. D., Melrose P. A.: Mechanism of exercise-inducted augmentation of lymphokine activated killer (LAK) cell activity in the horse. Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 1996, 53, 221-233.
  • 7.Iversen P. O., Stokland A., Rolstad B., Benestad H. B.: Adrenaline-induced leukocytosic: recruitment of blood cells from rat spleen, bone marrow and lymphatics. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 1994, 68, 219-227.
  • 8.Jawor P., Stefaniak P., Borkowski J., Przewoźny M., Wierzbicki H., Swagemakers J.-H.: Przydatność wybranych parametrów krwi w monitorowaniu prawidłowości treningu koni dyscypliny skoków przez przeszkody. Medycyna Wet. 2007, 63, 213-218.
  • 9.Jensen-Waern M., Lindberg A., Johannisson A., Grondahl G., Lindgren J. A., Essen-Gustavsson B.: The effects of an endurance ride on metabolism and neutrophil function. Equine vet. J. 1999, Suppl. 30, 605-609.
  • 10.Korhonen P. A. S., Lilius E. M., Hyyppa S., Räsänen L. A., Pösö A. R.: Production of reactive oxygen species in neutrophils after repeated bouts of exercise in Standardbred trotters. J. Vet. Med. 2000, A 47, 565-573.
  • 11.Krumrych W.: Variability of clinical and haematological indices in the course of training exercise in jumping horses. Bull. Vet. Inst. Pulawy 2006, 50, 391-396.
  • 12.Krumrych W.: Wskaźniki laboratoryjne krwi koni - wartości referencyjne i interpretacja. Wyd. PIWet, Puławy 2003.
  • 13.Kunugiyama I., Ito N., Narizuka M., Katanka S., Furukawa Y., Hiraga A., Kai M., Kubo K.: Measurement of erythrocyte volumes in splenectomized horses and sham-operated horses at rest and during maximal exercise. J. Vet. Med. Sci. 1997, 59, 733-737.
  • 14.Marc M., Parvizi N., Ellendorff F., Kallweit E., Elsaesser F.: Plasma cortisol and ACTH concentrations in the warmblood horses in response to a standardized treadmill exercise test as physiological markers for evaluation of training status. J. Am. Sci. 2000, 78, 1936-1946.
  • 15.Muñoz A., Riber C., Santisteban R., Rubio M. D., Agüera E. I., Castejõn F. M.: Cardiovascular and metabolic adaptations in horses competing in cross country events. J. Vet. Med. Sci. 1999, 61, 13-20.
  • 16.Muñoz A., Cuesta I., Riber C., Gata J., Trigo P., Castejõn F. M.: Trot asymmetry in relation to physical performance and metabolism in equine endurance rides. Equine. Vet. J. 2006, 36, 50-54.
  • 17.Piccione G., Giannetto C., Fazio F., di Mauro S., Caola G.: Haematological response to different workload in jumper horses. Bulg. J. Vet. Med. 2007, 10, 21-28.
  • 18.Piccione G., Vazzana I., Giannetto C., Gianesella M., Ferrantelli V.: Modification of some haematological and haematochemical parameters in horse during long distance rides. Res. J. Vet. Sci. 2008, 1, 37-43.
  • 19.Praca zbiorowa (Chachułowa J., Budzyński M., Chrzanowski S., Ziołecka A.): Normy żywienia koni. Zalecenia żywieniowe i wartość pokarmowa pasz. Instytut Fizjologii i Żywienia Zwierząt im. J. Kielanowskiego PAN, Jabłonna k. Warszawy 1997.
  • 20.Pyne D. B.: Regulation of neutrophils function during exercise. Sports Med. 1994, 17, 245-258.
  • 21.Revington M.: Haematology of the racing Thoroughbred in Australia 1: Reference values and the effect of excitement. Equine Vet. J. 1983, 15, 141-144.
  • 22.Robson P. J., Alston T. D., Myburgh K. H.: Prolonged suppression of the innate immune system in the horse following an 80 km endurance race. Equine Vet. J. 2003, 35, 133-137.
  • 23.Rossdale P. D., Burguez P. N., Cash R. S. G.: Changes in blood neutrophils/lymphocyte ratio related to adrenocortical function in the horse. Equine Vet. J. 1982, 14, 293-298.
  • 24.Sexton W. L., Erickson H. H.: Effects of treadmill elevation on hart rate, blood lactate concentration and packed cell volume during graded submaximal exercise in ponies. Equine Vet. J., 1990, Suppl. 9, 57-60.
  • 25.Shinkai S., Watanabe S., Asai H., Shek P. N.: Cortisol response to exercise and post exercise suppression of blood lymphocyte subset counts. Int. J. Sports Med. 1996, 17, 597-603.
  • 26.Smith J. E., Erickson H. H., Debowes R. M., Clark M.: Changes in circulating equine erythrocytes induced by brief, high-speed exercise. Equine Vet. J. 1989, 21, 444-446.
  • 27.Szarska E.: Zmiany wybranych parametrów krwi koni rajdowych w zależności od długości dystansu. Medycyna Wet. 2001, 57, 522-526.
  • 28.White C.: Thermoregulation and fluid balance in the horse. Dist. Int. 2001, 6, 20-23.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-article-8fbfee2a-ee24-455f-a956-8e73995ab622
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.