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1993 | 40 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Discrimination between chilling-sensitive and chilling-resistant plants based on measurements of free fatty acid accumulation and inactivation of oxygen evolution in aged chloroplasts

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The effect of aging of isolated chloroplasts of two chilling-sensitive (CS) and three chilling-resistant (CR) plants on the inactivation of oxygen evolution and accu­mulation of free fatty acids (FFA) was studied at 30°C, pH 5.5 or 7.0, in the absence or presence of either sorbitol or NaCl. Considerable accumulation of FFA in aged chloroplasts of CS plants: bean and maize line F7-RpIII was accompanied by a marked inactivation of oxygen evolution. This relation was not, however, found in chloroplasts of CR species: pea, wheat and maize line EPl-RpI, in which the accumulation of FFA upon aging was very low whereas the decline of the rate of oxygen evolution was pronounced. In contrast to changes observed at pH 5.5, the inactivation of oxygen evolution in chloroplasts of CR species aged at pH 7.0 was dependent on the composition of the medium, especially in wheat chloroplasts. Thus, for the evaluation of chilling sensitivity based on the measurements of oxygen evolution activity solely, either aging of chloroplasts at pH 5.5 or possibly at pH 7.0 with NaCl included into the incubation medium may be recommended. It is concluded that determination of both the extent of FFA accumulation and inactivation of oxygen evolution in aged chloroplasts might be applied as chilling tolerance indexes.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
40
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.507-513,fig.
Twórcy
autor
  • University of Warsaw, Al.Zwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warsaw, Poland
autor
autor
Bibliografia
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  • 2. Murata, N. (1983) Molecular species composition of phosphatidylglycerols from chilling-sensitive and chilling-resistant plants. Plant Cell Physiol. 24,81 - 86.
  • 3. Raison, J.K. &Wright,L.C. (1983) Thermal phase transition in the polar lipids in plant membranes. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 371,69 - 78.
  • 4. Orr, G.R. & Raison, J.K. (1987) Compositional and thermal properties of thylakoid polar lipids of Nerium oleander L. in relation to chilling sensitivity. Plant Physiol. 84,88 - 92.
  • 5. Quinn, P.J. & Williams, W.P. (1983) The structural role of lipids in photosynthetic membranes. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 737,223 - 266.
  • 6. Bishop, D.G. (1986) Chilling sensitivity in higher plants: the role of phosphatidylglycerol. Plant Cell Environ. 9,613 - 616.
  • 7. Pike, C.S., Norman, H.A., Kemmerer, E.C., Wessner, D.R., Greenberg, C.M., Kaplan, L.J., Brodsky, N.M. & Ellis, A.A. (1990) Effects of acclimation to low temperature and to water stress on photosynthesis and on physical and chemical properties of lipids from thylakoids of cucumber and cotton. Plant Sci. 68,189 -196.
  • 8. Kaniuga, Z. & Gemel, J. (1984) Galactolipase activity and free fatty acid levels in chloroplasts. Novel approach to characteristics of chilling sensitivity of plants. FEBS Lett. 171,55 - 58.
  • 9. Gemel, J. & Kaniuga, Z. (1987) Comparison of galactolipase activity and free fatty acid levels in chloroplasts of chill-sensitive and chill-resistant plants. Eur. }. Biochem. 166, 229 - 233.
  • 10. Gemel, J., Sączyńska, V. & Kaniuga, Z. (1988) Galactolipase activity and free fatty acid levels in chloroplasts of domestic and wild tomatoes with different chilling tolerance. Physiol. Plant. 74,509 - 514.
  • 11. Gemel, J., Cieśla, E. & Kaniuga, Z. (1989) Different response of two Zea mays inbreds to chilling stress measured by chloroplast galactolipase activity and free fatty acid levels. Acta Physiol. Plant. 11,3-11.
  • 12. Sączyńska, V., Gemel., J. & Kaniuga, Z. (1993) Chilling susceptibility of Cucumis sativus species. Phytochemistry 33,61 - 67.
  • 13. Kaniuga, Z., Ząbek, J. & Sochanowicz, B. (1978) Photosynthetic apparatus of chilling sensitive plants. III. Contribution of loosely bound manganese to the mechanism of reversible inactivation of Hill reaction activity following cold and dark storage of leaves. Planta 144,49 - 56.
  • 14. Kaniuga, Z., Gemel, J. & Zabłocka, B. (1986) Fatty acid-induced release of manganese from chloroplasts. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 850, 473 - 482.
  • 15. Garstka, M. & Kaniuga, Z. (1991) Reversal by light of deletorious effects of chilling on oxygen evolution, manganese and free fatty acid con­tent in tomato thylakoids is not accompanied by restoration of the original membrane conformation. Physiol. Plant. 82,292 - 298.
  • 16. Kaniuga, Z., Sochanowicz, B., Ząbek, J. & Krzystyniak, K. (1978) Photosynthetic appa­ratus of chilling sensitive plants. I. Reactivation of Hill reaction activity inhibited on the cold and dark storage of detached leaves and intact plants. Planta 140,121 - 128.
  • 17. Kaniuga, Z. & Michalski, W.P. (1978) Photosynthetic apparatus of chilling sensitive plants. II. Changes in free fatty acid composition and photoperoxidation in chloroplasts follo­wing cold storage and illumination of leaves in relation to Hill reaction activity. Planta 140,129 -136.
  • 18. Sączyńska, V., Gemel, J. & Kaniuga, Z. (1990) Effect of chilling of Zea mays L. and Capsicum annuum L. leaves on inactivation of oxygen evolution and content of free fatty acids in chloroplasts. Acta Physiol. Plant. 12,239 - 245.
  • 19. Gemel, J. Golinowski, W. & Kaniuga, Z. (1986) Low-temperature induced changes in chloro­plast ultrastructure in relation to changes of Hill reaction activity, manganese and free fatty acid levels in chloroplasts of chilling-sensitive and chilling resistant plants. Acta Physiol. Plant. 8, 135 -143.
  • 20. Wise, R.T. & Naylor, A.W. (1987) Chilling enhanced photoperoxidation. The peroxidative destruction of lipids during chilling injury to photosynthesis and ultrastructure. Plant Physiol. 83,272 - 277.
  • 21. Constantynopoulos, G. & Kenyon, Ch.N. (1968) Release of free fatty acids and loss of Hill activity by aging spinach chloroplasts. Plant Physiol. 43, 531-536.
  • 22. Siegenthaler, P.-A. & Rawyler, A. (1977) Aging of the photosynthetic apparatus. V. Change in pH dependence of electron transport and relationship to endogenous free fatty acids. Plant Sei. Lett. 9,265 - 273.
  • 23. Percival, M.P., Williams, W.P., Chapman, D.J. & Quinn, P.J. (1980) Loss of Hill activity in isolated chloroplasts is not directly related to free fatty acid release during aging. Plant Sei. Lett. 19,47 - 54.
  • 24. Wintermans, J.F.G.M., Helmsing, P.J., Polman, B.J.J., van Gisbergen, J. & Collard, J. (1969) Galactolipid transformations and photo­chemical activities of spinach chloroplasts. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 189,95 -105.
  • 25. Nixon, N. & Chan, S.H. (1979) A simple and sensitive colorimetric method for the determi­nation of long-chain free fatty acids in subcellular organelles. Anal. Biochem. 97, 403 - 409.
  • 26. Harwood, J.L. (1980) Plant acyl lipids - structure, distribution, and analysis; in The Biochemistry of Plants. Lipids: Structure and Function (Stumpf, P.K., ed.) vol. 4, pp. 1 - 55, Academic Press, New York.
  • 27. Gemel, J., S^czynska, V. & Kaniuga, Z. (1989) Composition of non-esterified fatty acids in chloroplasts of closely related chill-sensitive plants. Phytochemistry 28,1813 -1816.
  • 28. Gemel, J. & Kaniuga, Z. (1989) Galactolipase activity and free fatty acids in chloroplasts as indicators of chilling sensitivity of closely related plant species; in Techniques and New Developments in Photosynthesis Research (Barber, J. & Malkin, R., eds.) pp. 597 - 600, Plenum Press, New York.
  • 29. Siegenthaler, P.-A., Rawyler, A. & Henry, L.E.A. (1981) A new type correlation between changes in lipid composition and loss of electron transport activities during aging in vitro; in Photosynthesis. II. Electron Transport and Photophosphorylation (Akoyunoglou, G., ed.) pp. 167 - 174, Balaban International Science Services, Philadelphia.
  • 30. Shaw, A.B., Anderson, M.M. & McCarty, R.E. (1976) Role of galactolipids in spinach chloro­plasts lamellar membranes. II. Effects of galactolipid depletion on phosphorylation and electron flow. Plant Physiol. 57,724 - 729.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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