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2006 | 62 | 01 |
Tytuł artykułu

Retained endochondral ossification of the distal ulnar growth plate in dogs

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of the study was an early diagnosis of bones with retained endochondral ossification through clinical and radiological examinations, in order to determine the factors causing the etiology of disease and to indicate necessary precautions to be taken in the prophylaxis of the resulting possible deformations. This study comprised of 51 dogs of different breeds, age and genders, brought to the clinic and complaining of gait abnormality or abnormal bone structure and which were subsequently diagnosed with retained endochondral ossification. Radiological examination indicated that while varying degrees of retained endochondral ossification were observed in the distal ulnar growth plates in all cases, retained endochondral ossification was present in the distal radial growth plate together with the ulna in one case and in all the growth plates in another case. It was established that 22 cases had left their mothers at an early age and been fed meat products and that 17 cases had received additional calcium and phosphorus in their diets. Following clinical and radiological examination, bilateral carpal valgus was diagnosed in 43 cases and bilateral carpal varus in 8 cases. Radius curvus deformation was also observed in cases where the condition had lasted for a long time. Ulnar ostectomy was performed in 18 cases diagnosed with retained endochondral ossification in the ulna and had not yet reached maturity. Seventeen cases in which the lesions were only in the beginning phase were treated by a change of diet. It was concluded that growth ceased temporarily in bones with retained endochondral ossification and that measures should be taken to avoid possible deformation, and, additionally, that feeding played a significant role in the etiology of the disease.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
62
Numer
01
Opis fizyczny
p.40-42,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Istanbul University, 34320, Avcilar, Istanbul-Turkey
autor
autor
Bibliografia
  • 1. Altunatmaz K., Yücel R.: Orthopaedic lesions of the antebrachium in the dog and clinical studies on these conditions (in Turkish). Turk. J. Vet. Surg. 1999, 5, 118-126.
  • 2. Braden T. D.: Histophysiology of the Growth Plate Injuries, [in:] Bojrab M. J. (ed.): Disease Mechanisms in Small Animal Surgery. Lea&Febiger, Philadelphia 1993, 1027-1041.
  • 3. Brighton C. T.: Structure and function of the growth plate. Clin. Orthopaedics Related Res. 1978, 136, 23-31.
  • 4. Carrig C. B.: Growth abnormalities of the canine radius and ulna. Vet. Clin. N. Am.-Small 1983, 13, 91-113.
  • 5. Chambers J. N.: Developmental and Congenital Problems of the Antebrachium and Adjacent Joints, [in:] Bojrab M. J. (ed.): Disease Mechanisms in Small Animal Surgery. Lea&Febiger, Philadelphia 1993, 834-840.
  • 6. Ekman S., Carlson C. S.: The pathopyhisology of osteochonrosis. Vet. Clin. N. Am.-Small 1998, 28, 17-32.
  • 7. Forell E. B., Schwarz P. D.: Use of external skeletal fixation for treatment of angular deformity secondary to premature distal ulnar physeal closure. J. Am. Anim. Hosp. Assoc. 1993, 29, 460-476.
  • 8. Hedhammar A., Wu F. M., Krook L., Schryver H. F., De Lahunta A., Whalen J. P., Kallfelz F. A., Nunez E. A., Hintz H. F., Sheffy B. E., Ryan G. D.: Overnutrition and skeletal disease. An experimental study in growing Great Dane dogs. Cornell Vet. 1974, 64 (suppl. 5), 1-160.
  • 9. Johnson A. L.: Growth Deformities, [in:] Olmstead M. L. (ed.): Small Animal Orthopaedics. Mosby, Philadelphia 1995, p. 293-309.
  • 10. Johnson K. A.: Retardation of endochondral ossification at the distal ulnar growth plate in dogs. Australian Vet. J. 1981, 57, 474-478.
  • 11. Koper S., Komsta S., Lisiak B.: Distal ulnar retained cartilage (RC) and coexisting hypertrophic osteodystrophy (HOD) in the dog. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, Medicina Veterinaria 2001, 56, 123-128.
  • 12. Piermatei D. L., Flo G. L.: Retained cartilage cores in the distal ulnar physis, [in:] Piermatei D. L., Flo G. L. (eds.): Brinker, Piermatei and Flo's Handbook of Small Animal Orthopedics and Fracture Repair. Saunders W. B. Co., Philadelphia 1997, 697-698.
  • 13. Richardson D. C., Zentec J.: Nutrition and osteochondrosis. Vet. Clin. N. Am.-Small 1998, 28, 115-135.
  • 14. Trostel C. T., McLaughlin R. M., Pool R. R.: Canine lameness caused by developmental diseases: osteochondrosis. Compendium Cont. Ed. Pract. 2002, 24, 836-854.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-article-78f56276-9e58-4e00-88cc-cc17bd96dfce
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