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2008 | 17 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Characterization of chosen products of combustion processes

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The basic form of pollution is characterized by a microscopic size and solid state and it is called particulates or particulate matter. Unfortunately, these forms undergo a variety of transformations, which consequently can sometimes be easily modified and even cause an increase in their toxicity. This work was devoted to join the composition of various materials being residues after different combustion processes with the distribution of elements and molecules within studied surfaces. The content of chosen elements was determined using ICP-MS and ICP-OES methods. Elemental and/or molecular distribution was studied using surface sensitive techniques, SEM-EDS and ToF-SIMS. The obtained results revealed that the composition and morphology of particles are strongly influenced by the type of material and combustion conditions.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
17
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.411-419,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
  • Technical University of Lodz, Zeromskiego 116 st., 90-924 Lodz, Poland
autor
autor
autor
autor
Bibliografia
  • 1. CHU P.K., ODOM R.W., REICH D.F. Analysis of surface particles by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry. Materials Chemistry and Physics 43, 87, 1996.
  • 2. JOHANSSON L.S., TULLIN C., LECKNER B., SJOVALL P. Particle emissions from biomass combustion in small combustors. Biomass and Bioenergy 25, 435, 2003.
  • 3. REIJNDERS L. Disposal, uses and treatments of combustion ashes: a review. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 43, 313, 2005.
  • 4. SULLIVAN R.C., PRATHE K.A. Recent Advances in Our Understanding of Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Made Possible by On-Line Aerosol Analysis Instrumentation. Anal. Chem. 77, 3861, 2005.
  • 5. ZHU Y.J., OLSON N., BEEBE T., J R. Surface chemical characterization of 2.5-µm particulates (PM₂.₅) from air pollution in salt lake city using TOF-SIMS, XPS, and FTIR. Environ. Sci. Technol. 35, 3113, 2001.
  • 6. EBERT M., WEINBRUCH S., HOFFMANN P., ORTNER H.M. Chemical characterization of north sea aerosols particles. J. Aerosol Sci. 31, 613, 2000.
  • 7. SUZUKI K., TAKII T., TOMIYASU B., NIHEI Y. Characterization of individual complex particles in urban atmospheric environment. Applied Surface Science 252, 7022, 2006.
  • 8. EBERT M., INERLE-HOF M., WEINBRUCH S. Environmental scanning electron microscopy as a new technique to determine the hygroscopic behaviour of individual aerosol particles. Atmospheric Environment 36, 5909, 2002.
  • 9. BEM H., GALLORINI M., RIZZIO E., KRZEMIŃSKA M. Comparative studies on the concentrations of some elements in the urban air particulate matter in Lodz City of Poland and in Milan, Italy. Environ. Internat. 29, 423, 2003.
  • 10. TOMAŠEVIĆ M., VUKMIROVIĆ Z., RAJŠIĆ S., TASIĆ M., STEVANOVIĆ B. Characterization of trace metal particles deposited on some deciduous tree leaves in an urban area. Chemosphere 61, 753, 2005.
  • 11. TRIMBACHER C., WEISS P. Needle surface characteristics and element contents of Norway spruce in relation to the distance of emission sources. Environmental Pollution 105, 111, 1999.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-article-5aec985a-d407-4b0c-8124-2aeaabbb19dd
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