PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Czasopismo
1999 | 44 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Winter bed-site selection by red deer Cervus elaphus xanthopygus and roe deer Capreolus capreolus bedfordi in forests of northeastern China

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Winter bedding sites used by red deer Cervus elaphus xanthopygus Milne-Edwards, 1867 and roe deer Capreolus capreolus bedfordi Thomas, 1908 were studied in the forests of northeastern China from 1991 to 1992. Night beds used by both cervids were higher in canopy closure than day beds. Roe deer selected night bedding sites with denser canopy closure and higher percentage of coniferous trees, and day beds with better concealment cover than red deer. Roe deer selected night beds with higher canopy closure during cold mid winter period than during early and late winter period, whereas no such difference existed in day beds. Red deer showed no significant difference in canopy closure over day and night beds between mid and late winter. Canopy closure, composition of coniferous species, average distance to the nearest tree, and ground cover were identified to discriminate night and day beds for both cervids. The difference in selection of bed-site may reflect different energy requirements of large-bodied red deer and small-bodied roe deer.
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
44
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.195-206,fig.
Twórcy
autor
  • Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, P.R.China 150040
autor
autor
autor
autor
autor
Bibliografia
  • Armstrong E., Euler D. and Racey G. 1983a. White-tailed deer habitat and cottage development in central Ontario. The Journal of Wildlife Management 47: 605-612,
  • Armstrong E., Euler D. and Racey G. 1983b. Winter bed-site selection by white-tailed deer in central Ontario. The Journal of Wildlife Management 47: 880-884.
  • Barrett M. W. 1981. Environmental characteristics and functional significance of pronghorn fawn bedding sites in Alberta. The Journal of Wildlife Management 45: 120-131.
  • Beall R. C. 1974. Winter habitat selection and use by a western Montana elk herd. Ph D thesis, University of Montana, Missoula: 1-176.
  • Cederlund G. 1989. Activity patterns in moose and roe deer in a north boreal forest. Holarctic Ecology 12: 39^15.
  • Chang H. and Xiao Q. Z. 1988. Selection of winter habitat of red deer in Dailing region. Acta Theriologica Sinica 8: 81-88. (In Chinese with English summary)
  • Chen H. P. and Xiao Q. Z. 1989. Winter food-habits of red deer in Dailing. Acta Theriologica Sinica 9: 8-15. [In Chinese with English summary]
  • Chen H. P. and Xiao Q. Z. 1991. Comparison of winter trophic strategies between red deer and roe deer in Dailing region. Acta Ecologica Sinica 11: 349-354 fin Chinese with English summary]
  • Chen H. P., Ma J. Z., Li F., Sun Z. W., Wang H., Luo L. Y. and Li F. 1998a. Seasonal composition and quality of wapiti Cervus elaphus diets in northeastern China. Acta Theriologica 43: 77-94.
  • Chen H. P., Ma J. Z., Sun Z. W., Li F., Wang H., Luo L. Y. and Li F. 1998b. In vitro digestibility of seasonal forages used by wapiti and roe deer in northeastern China. Ecography 21: 11-17.
  • Cooley W. W, and Lohnes P. R. 1971. Multivariate data analysis. J. Wiley & Sons, New York, N. Y.: 1-364.
  • Danitkin A. and Hewison A. J. M. 1996. Behavioural ecology of Siberian and European roe deer. Chapman and Hall, London: 1-270.
  • Gates C. C, and Hudson R. J. 1983. Foraging behaviour of wapiti in a boreal forest enclosure. Naturaliste Canadien 110: 197-206.
  • Gerlach T. P. and Vaughan M. R. 1991. Mule deer fawn bed site selection on the Pinon canyon maneuver site, Colorado. Southwest Naturalist 36: 255-258.
  • Goldsmith F. B. and Harrison C. M. 1976. Description and analysis of vegetation. [In: Methods in plant ecology. S. B. Chapman, edl, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford: 85-155.
  • Histøl T. 1992. Winter feeding strategy of migrating and non-migrating moose, Alces alces (L.), in 0stfoid, Norway. M Sc thesis, University of Oslo, Oslo: 1-65.
  • Hjeljord O., Hovik N. and Pedersen H. B. 1990. Choice of feeding sites by moose during summer, the influence of forest structure and plant phenology. Holarctic Ecology 13: 281-292.
  • Holand 0. 1992. Winter digestive strategy of a concentrate selector in Norway: the European roe deer. Canadian Journal of Zoology 70: 1331-1335.
  • Holand 0. 1994. Seasonal dynamics of digestion in relation to diet quality and intake in European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). Oecologia 98: 274-279.
  • Huot J. 1974. Winter habitat of white-tailed deer at Thirty-one Mile Lake, Quebec. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 88: 293-301.
  • Jiang Z. W., Xu L., Wang Y. Q., Jiao P. R. and Liu H. F. 1996. Winter resting site selection by roe deer at Huzhong, Daxinganling Mountains, northeastern China. Zoological Research 17: 108, 128, 138.
  • Kirchhoff M. D. and Schoen J. W. 1987. Forest cover and snow: implications for deer habitat in southeast Alaska. The Journal of Wildlife Management 51: 28-33.
  • Lang B. K. and Gates J. E. 1985. Selection of sites for winter night beds by white-tailed deer in a hemlock-northern hardwood forest. The American Naturalist 113: 245-254,
  • Ma J. Z., Chen H. P., Sun Z. W„ Li F„ Wang H., Li F., Du Y. X. and Li J. 1996. Seasonal nutritional quality of red deer and roe deer forages in southern Xiao Xingan Mountains, China. Acta Ecologica Sinica 16: 269-275. [In Chinese with English summary")
  • Mautz W. W. 1978. Sledding on a bushy hillside: the fat cycle in deer. Wildlife Society Bulletin 6: 88-90.
  • Moen A, N, 1976. Energy conservation by white-tailed deer in the winter, Ecology 57: 192-198.
  • Moen A. N. 1985. Energy metabolism of deer in relation to environmental variables. Biology of deer production, Royal Society of New Zealand Bulletin 22: 439-445.
  • Mysterud A. 1996. Bed-site selection by adult roe deer Capreolus capreolus in southern Norway during summer. Wildlife Biology 2: 101-106.
  • Mysterud A. and 0stbye E. 1995. Bed-site selection by European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) in southern Norway during winter. Canadian Journal of Zoology 73: 924-932.
  • Nudds T. D. 1977. Quantifying the vegetation structure of wildlife cover. Wildlife Society Bulletin 5: 113-117.
  • Parker K. L. and Robbins C. T. 1984. Thermoregulation in mule deer and elk. Canadian Journal of Zoology 62: 1409-1422.
  • Parker K. L. and Robbins C. T. 1985. Thermoregulation in ungulates, fin: Bioenergetics of wild herbivores. R. J. Hudson and R. G. White, eds]. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida: 161-182.
  • Risenhoover K. L. 1986. Winter activity patterns of moose in interior Alaska. The Journal of Wildlife Management 50: 727-734.
  • Sergeant G. A., Eberhardt L. E., and Peek J. M. 1994. Thermoregulation by mule deer [Odocoileus hemionus) in arid rangelands of southcentral Washington. Journal of Mammalogy 75: 536-544.
  • SAS. 1989. SAS user's guide: statistics. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, N. C.: 1-890.
  • Schmitz O. J. 1991. Thermal constraints and optimization of winter feeding and habitat choice in white-tailed deer, Holarctic Ecology 14: 104-111.
  • Skovlin J. M, 1982, Habitat requirements and evaluations. [In: Elk of North America: ecology and management. J. W. Thomas and D. E. Toweill, eds], Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: 369-413.
  • Smith H. D., Oveson M. C. and Pritchett C. L. 1986. Characteristics of mule deer beds. Great Basin Naturalist 46: 542-546.
  • Verme L. J. and Ullrey D. E. 1984. Physiology and nutrition. [In: White-tailed deer ecology and management. L. K. Halls, ed], Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: 91-118.
  • Werner J. 1977, Energy metabolism of the roe deer, Acta Theriologica 22: 3-24.
  • Zhang M. H. and Xiao Q. Z. 1990. A study on feeding and bedding habitat selection by red deer in winter. Acta Theriologica Sinica 10: 175-183. [In Chinese with English summary]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-article-42bf7787-a29e-4558-89d5-9307fd0b1373
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.