Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2007 | 16 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Influence of water treatment plant on microbiological composition of air bioaerosol

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Microbiological research of bioaerosols was carried out at the Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant in Toruń. The concentration of selected bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes in the atmospheric air was estimated in the vicinity of sand catchers, aeration chambers and maturing compost piles, as well as 100 m beyond the treatment plant. It was found that the air at the test stands showed different degrees of microbiological pollution. The largest bioaerosol emission sources were the sand catcher and the maturing compost storage facility. The total number of bacteria and fungi amounted to a maximum of 104 CFU m-3 and of actinomy­cetes - 103 CFU m-3. The bacteria of the genus Pseudomonas (fluorescent subgroup) occurred at all the stands throughout the study except December. The number of Escherichia coli and bacteria of the genera Enterococcus and Salmonella remained at the very low level of about 10'CFU m-3, and of all these bacteria only fecal streptococci D-type were isolated at stand 4 (beyond the treatment plant). On the basis of the research carried out and the results obtained at the control stand one may conclude that the test facility does not pose a hazard in respect of the tested bacteria emission.
Opis fizyczny
  • University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bernardynska 6, 85-029 Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • 1. FERNANDO N.L., FEDORAK P.M. Changes at an activat­ed sludge sewage treatment plant alter the numbers of air­borne aerobic microorganisms. Water Res. 39, 4597, 2005.
  • 2. PASCUAL L., PAREZ-LUZ S., YÁÑEX M.A., SANTAMA­RIA A., GIBERT K., SALGIT M., APRAIZ D., CATALÁN V. Bioaerosol emission from wastewater treatment plants. Aerobiologia 19, 261, 2003.
  • 3. BRANDI G., SISTI M., AMAGLIANI G. Evaluation of the environmental impact of microbial aerosols generated by wastewater treatment plants utilizing different aeration systems. J. Appl. Microbiol. 88, 845, 2000.
  • 4. TAHA M.P.M., DREW G. H., LONGHURST P.J., SMITH R., POLLARD S.J.T. Bioaerosol releases from compost facilities: Evaluating passive and active source terms at a green waste facility for improved risk assessments. Atmo­spheric Environ. 40, 1159, 2006.
  • 5. TELTSCH B., SHUVAL H.J., TADMOR J. Die-away ki­netics of bacteria from sprinkler application of wastewater. Appl. Env. Microbiol. 39, 1191, 1980.
  • 6. PIEKARSKA K., TRACZEWSKA T. M. The influence of a waste water treatment plant on the air microbiological quality. Ochrona Powietrza i Problemy Odpadów 36 (1), 19, 2002. [in Polish]
  • 7. LIGHTHART B. The ecology of bacteria in the alfresco at­mosphere. FEMS Microbiol. Ecology, 23, 263, 1997.
  • 8. ŁEBKOWSKA M. Microbiological contamination in the air of municipal and industrial facilities. Inżynieria i ochrona środowiska, 4, 3, 2001.
  • 9. PILLAI S, RICKE S.C. Bioaerosols from municipal and animal wastes: background and contemporary issues. Can J. Microbiol., 48, 681, 2002.
  • 10. HORNER W.E., HELBLING A., SALVAGGIO J.E., LEH­RER S.B. Fungal allergens. Clinical Microbiol. Reviews. 8, 161, 1995.
  • 11. RAHKONEN P., ETTALA M., LAUKKANEN M., SALKINOJA - SALONEN M. Airborne microbes and en­dotoxins in the work environment of two sanitary landfills in Finland. aerosol sci. Technology 13, 505, 1990.
  • 12. THORN J. BEIJER L. JONSSON T., RYLANDER R. Mea­surement strategies for the determination of airborne bacte­rial endotoxin in sewage treatment plants. Ann. Occup. Hyg. 6, 549, 2002.
  • 13. CVETENIĆ Z., PEPELJNJAK S. Distribution and myco- toxin-producing ability of some fungal isolates from the air. atmospheric environ. 30, 491, 1997.
  • 14. DUTKIEWICZ J., GÓRNY R.L. Health biohazards - the classification and criteria of exposure assessment. Medy­cyna Pracy 53, 29, 2002. [in Polish]
  • 15. GÓRNY R. Biohazards: standards, guidelines and propos­als for threshold limit values. Podstawy i Metody Oceny Środowiska Pracy 3(41), 17, 2004. [in Polish]
  • 16. Polish Standards PN-89 Z-04111/02. Air purity protection. Microbiological testings Determination of the number of bacteria in the atmospheric air (imission) with sampling by aspiration and sedimentation. Warszawa, Polski Komitet Normalizacji, Miar i Jakości, 1989. [in Polish]
  • 17. Polish Standards PN-89/Z-04111/03. Air purity protection. Microbiological testings. Determination of the number of fungi in the atmospheric air (imission) with sampling by as­piration and sedimentation. Warszawa, Polski Komitet Nor­malizacji, Miar i Jakości, 1989. [in Polish]
  • 18. OSSOWSKA-CYPRYK K. Application of indicator micro­organisms for the assessment of air pollution level in the vicinity of the industrial waste water treatment plant. Gaz, Woda i Technika Sanitarna 5, 105 1991. [in Polish]
  • 19. BÖHM R. Hygienischer Status in Kompostierungsanlagen in Hinblick auf die Luftkeim Situation. Institut für Umwelt - und Tierhygiene sowie Tiermedizin mit Tierklinik, Uni­versität Hohenheim, pp 77 - 85, 1998.
  • 20. PALUSZAK Z., LIGOCKAA., BREZA-BORUTA B. Effec­tiveness of sewage treatment based on selected fecal bacteria elimination in Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant in Toruń. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 12 (3), 345, 2003.
  • 21. GRINSHPUN S.A., REPONEN T., WILLEKE K. Aerosol characteristics of airborne actinomycetes and fungi. J. Aero­sol Sci. 28, Suppl. 1, S667, 1997.
  • 22. LACEY J. Actinomycetes in compost. Ann. Agric. Environ. Med. 4, 113, 1997.
  • 23. BAUER H., FUERHACKER M., ZIBUSCHKA F., SCHMID H., PUXBAUM H. Bacteria and fungi in aerosols generated by two different types of wastewater treatment. Water Res. 36, 3965, 2002.
  • 24. TAHA M.P.M., POLLARD S.J.T., SARKAR U., LONG- HURST P.J. Estimating fugitive bioaerosol releases from static compost windrows: Feasibility of a portable wind tun­nel approach. Waste Management 25, 445, 2005
  • 25. PETRYCKA H., GODLEWSKA-ZABŁOCKA E., KOLA­SA M. Atmospheric air microflora at the waste water treat­ment plant in Tychy-Urbanowice. Gaz, Woda i Technika Sanitarna 8, 272, 1995. [in Polish]
  • 26. POLLARD S.J.T., SMITH R., LONGHURST P. J., EDULJEE G.H., HALL D. Recent developments in the ap­plication of risk analysis to waste technologies. Environ. In­ternational 32, 1010, 2006.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.