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1998 | 463 |
Tytuł artykułu

Banki nasion - problem zdrowotnosci i zagrozen chorobowych

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
PL
Przedyskutowano problem zdrowotności nasion w różnych formach wymiany międzynarodowej, w tym w programie działalności banków genów-kolekcji nasiennych. Zwrócono uwagę na potencjalne ryzyko i aspekt epidemiologiczny przenoszenia patogenów z nasionami, żywotność patogenów w przechowywanych nasionach oraz metody oceny zdrowotności nasion. Podkreślono znaczenie tej problematyki przy wykorzystywaniu materiałów kolekcyjnych do celów hodowlanych.
EN
The problem of seed health at different forms of global seed movement, including the international seed exchange under the activities in genetic resources co-operation, was considered. The phytosanitary regulations, epidemiological aspects of pathogen transmission by the seeds causing potential risk of disseminating economically important plant diseases, methods of seed health testing and longevity of pathogens during seed storage were discussed. The importance of healthy seed to be usedfor safe plant breeding programmes was pointed out.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
463
Opis fizyczny
s.235-244,bibliogr.
Twórcy
autor
  • Instytut Genetyki Roslin PAN, ul. Strzeszynska 34, 60-479 Poznan
autor
Bibliografia
  • Agarwal V., Sinclair J. B. 1987. Principles of Seed Pathology. Vol. I, II. CRC Press. Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, USA.
  • Cowling W., A., Buirchell B. J., Tapia M. E. 1998. Lupin. Lupinus L. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 23. Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben/Inter- national Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy.
  • Engels J., Engelmann F. 1998. Ultra-Dry Seed Storage. Introductory Statement. Seed Science Research 8, suppl. 1: 1-2.
  • Faiad M.G.R., Wetzel M.M.V.S., Salomăo A.N., Cunha R. 1996. Evaluation of fungi in seed germplasm before long term storage. Seed Sci. and Technol. 24: 505-511.
  • Frison E.A., Bos L., Hamilton R.I., Mathur S.B., Taylor J.D (Wyd.) 1990. FAO/IBPGR Technical Guidelines for the Safe Movement of Legume Germplasm. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome/International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Rome: 1-88.
  • Gabrielson R. 1988. Inoculum Thresholds of Seedborne Pathogens. Fungi. Phytopathology 78: 868-872.
  • Hawkes J.G., Lange W. (wyd.) 1973. European and regional gene banks. Proc. Conf. on European and Regional Gene Banks, Izmir, Turkey, 10-15 April, 1972. EUCARPIA, Wageningen, The Netherlands: 1-107.
  • Hewett P.D. 1987. Pathogen viability on seed in deep freeze storage. Seed Sci. and Technol. 15: 73-77.
  • International Board for Plant Genetic Resources 1985. (TBPGR) Descriptors Chickpea. International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India.
  • International Board for Plant Genetic Resources 1987. (TBPGR) Descriptors for Brassica campestris L. Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, Rome, Italy.
  • International Board for Plant Genetic Resources 1991. (IBPGR) Descriptors for Beta. Centre for Genetic Resources, the Netherlands. Rome, Italy.
  • Jacoud-Filho D.S., Lee D., Reeves J.C., Yorinori J.T. 1997. Characterization of the Seedborne Fungal Pathogen Phomopsis phaseoli f. sp. meridionalis: the Agent of Soybean Stem Canker. : Seed Health Testing - Progress towards the 21s' Century, (wyd. Hutchins J. D. , Reeves J. C). CAB International: 147-152.
  • Jørgernsen J. (wyd.) 1981-1994. ISTA Handbook on Seed Health Testing. Section 2. Working Sheets, each dealing with one Pathogen on one Host. Zurich, Switzerland.
  • Krajowy program ochrony roślinnych zasobów genowych. 1997. Raporty za lata 1992-1997. Instytut Hodowli i Aklimatyzacji Roślin, Centrum Roślinnych Zasobów Genowych, Radzików: 1-119.
  • Kaiser W.J. 1987. Testing and Production of Healthy Plant Germplasm. (wyd. Mathur S.B., Neergaard P.). Technical Bull. No. 2. Danish Gov. Institute of Seed Pathol, for Devel. Countries. Copenhagen, Denmark: 1-30.
  • Kuan T.L. 1988. Inoculum Thresholds of Seed-borne Pathogens. Overview. Phytopathology 78: 867-868.
  • Langerak C.J., Van Den Bulk R.W., Franken A.A.J.M. 1996. Indexing seeds for pathogens. Advances in Bot. Research 23: 171-215.
  • Maddox D.A. 1997. Regulatory needs for standardized seed health tests. W: Plant Pathogens and the Worldwide Movement of Seeds (wyd. McGee D.C.), APS Press, The Amer. Phytopath. Soc., St. Paul, MN, USA: 81-92.
  • Majumdar A. 1997. Health testing of seed and other planting material at the National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources in India. W: Seed Health Testing in the Production of Quality Seed (wyd. Mathur S.B., Mortensen C.N.). Proc. of the ISTA Pre-Congress Seminar on Seed Pathology, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 6, 1995: 53-69.
  • Malone J.P., Muskett A.E. 1997. Seed-borne fungi. Description of 77 fungus species. 3rd Edition (wyd. Sheppard J.W.). ISTA, Zurich, Switzerland: 1-191.
  • McGee D.C. 1997. Relevance of seed pathology research priorities to worldwide movement of seed. W: Plant Pathogens and the World Movement of Seeds (wyd. McGee D.C.). APS Press, The Amer. Phytopath. Soc., St.Paul, MN, USA: 1-16.
  • Meijerink C.A.A.M., Van Breukelen E.W.M. 1995. Seedborne diseases: International Initiative standardizes test protocols. Prophyta. The Annual 49: 58-65.
  • Mew T.W. 1997. Developments in Rice Seed Health Testing Policy. W: Seed Health Testing - Progress towards the 21st Century, (wyd. Hutchins J.D., Reeves J.C.). CAB International: 129-138.
  • Narkiewicz-Jodko M. 1997. Changes in seed-borne fungal communities and seed viability of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) and white clover [Trifolium repens L.] during twenty-year storage. Phytopathologia Polonica 15: 73-77.
  • Neergaard P. 1977. Seed Pathology. The Macmillan Press Ltd., London and Basingstoke, vol. I, II.
  • Polska Norma. 1978. Material siewny. Nasiona roślin rolniczych. PN-78/R- 65023. Wydawnictwa Normalizacyjne. Warszawa.
  • Polska Norma. 1994. Material siewny. Metody badania nasion. PN-R-65950. Polski Komitet Normalizacyjny, Warszawa.
  • Polska Norma. 1996. Materiał siewny. Nasiona roślin warzywnych. PN-R- 67050. Polski Komitet Normalizacyjny, Warszawa.
  • Ramsey M., Alberts E., Fletcher J., Grbavac N. 1997. Seedborne Diseases in Australia and New Zealand. W: Seed Health Testing - Progress towards the 21st Century, (wyd. Hutchins J.D., Reeves J.C.). CAB International: 63-72.
  • Richardson M.J. 1990. An Annotated List of Seed-Bome Diseases. Fourth edition. ISTA, Zurich, Switzerland.
  • Schaad N.W. 1988. Inoculum Thresholds of Seed-borne Pathogens. Bacteria. Phytopathology 78: 872-875.
  • Serfontein J. J. 1997. New and Seedborne Diseases in Southern Africa. W: Seed Health Testing - Progress towards the 21st Century, (wyd. Hutchins J.D., Reeves J.C.). CAB International: 43-47.
  • Sheppard J.W., Wesseling J.B.M. 1998. ISTA I I SHI Guide for comparative testing of methods for detection of seed - borne pathogens. Seed Sci. and Technol. 26: 237-255.
  • Stace-Smith R., Hamilton R.I. 1988. Inoculum Thresholds of Seed-bome Pathogens. Viruses. Phytopathology 78: 875-880.
  • Stahl C. 1975. The fiftieth anniversary of ISTA. Seed Sci. and Technol. 3: 25-55.
  • Tylkowska K. 1997. Seed Health Testing in Eastern and Central European Countries - the Present and Prospects. W: Seed Health Testing - Progress towards the 21st Century, (wyd. Hutchins J.D., Reeves J.C.). CAB International: 21-26.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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