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2004 | 49 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Coccidiosis of small ruminants in various regions of Slovakia

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Coccidian oocysts were prevalent in nearly 100% of goats and sheep from various localities in Slovakia. In goats 4 Eimeria species were identified: E. ninakohlyakimovae (in kids 40%, in adult goats 51 %), E. arloingi (in kids 43%, in adult goats 20%), E. alijevi (in kids 12%, in adult goats 21 %) and E. hirci (in kids 3%, in adult goats 2%). In addition, 2-6% of coccidian oocysts were not speciated. The mean number of oocysts per gram of faeces (OPG) was 5853 ± 12666 (min. 160-max. 31920) in kids and 2365 ± 4916 (min. 80 - max. 7920) in adult goats. In sheep 5 Eimeria species were identified: E. parva (in lambs 42%, in adult sheep 37%), E. ovinoidalis (in lambs 33%, in adult sheep 29%), E. crandallis (in lambs 14%, in adult sheep 19%), E. bakuensis (in lambs 6%, in adult sheep 6%), E. faurei (in lambs 3%, in adult sheep 4%); 2-5% of coccidian oocysts could not be classified. The mean OPG value was 11941 ±9048 (min. 2680-max. 48880) in lambs and 5250 ± 3412 (min. 880-max. 12280) in adult sheep. In connection with the occurrence of pathogenic Eimeria species, the total counts of selected enterobacteriae in faeces of both goats and sheep were also evaluated. In spite of the fact that in kids the mean OPG numbers were lower, the values of total bacterial counts in their faeces were 1-2 orders of magnitude higher than in lambs. In comparison with lambs, organisms of kids are probably more susceptible to influence of pathogenic Eimeria species. The total counts of selected enterobacteria genera in goats and sheep with coccidiosis were higher than in control groups. These increased bacterial counts might be affected by impaired immunity of the host. Other factors as feeding, breeding conditions and management etc. may be also taken into consideration.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
49
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.272-275,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Parasitological Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Hlinkova 3, 040 01 Kosice, Slovak Republic
autor
  • Parasitological Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Hlinkova 3, 040 01 Kosice, Slovak Republic
autor
  • University of Veterinary Medicine, Kosice, Slovak Republic
  • University of Veterinary Medicine, Kosice, Slovak Republic
autor
  • Parasitological Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Hlinkova 3, 040 01 Kosice, Slovak Republic
Bibliografia
  • Balicka-Ramisz A. 1999. Studies on coccidiosis in goats in Poland. Veterinary Parasitology, 81, 347-349.
  • Catchpole J., Harris T.J. 1989. Interactions between coccidia and Nematodirus battus in lambs on pasture. Veterinary Record, 124, 603-605.
  • Chartier C., Yvore P., Pors I., Mancassola R. 1994. Absence of protection against Eimeria ninakohlyakimovae after primo-infection with E. ovinoidalis in new-born kids. Veterinary Research, 25, 66-70.
  • Chroust K. 2001. Hunting Letters - Supplementum No. I. Parasitic diseases of wildlife animals. RNDr. Ivan Straka, Újezd u Brna.
  • Foreyt W.J. 1990. Coccidiosis and cryptosporidiosis in sheep and goats. Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice, 6, 655-670.
  • Gregory M.V., Catchpole J. 1989. Ovine coccidiosis: Heavy infection in young lambs increase resistance without causing disease. Veterinary Record, 124, 458—461.
  • Gregory M.V., Catchpole J., Nolan A., Hebert C.N. 1989. Ovine coccidiosis: studies on the pathogenicity of Eimeria ovinoidalis and E. crandallis in conventionally-reared lambs, including possible effects of passive immunity. Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift, 96, 285-332.
  • Hidalgo Argüello M.R., Cordero del Campillo M. 1999. Coccidiosis. In: Parasitologia veterinaria (Eds. M. Cordero del Campillo and F.A. Rojo Vázquez). McGraw-Hill - Interamericana de España, Madrid, 195-212.
  • Koudela B., Boková A. 1998. Coccidiosis in goats in the Czech Republic. Veterinary Parasitology, 76, 261-267.
  • Lauková A. 1997. Characterization of the most frequently encountered Staphylococcus sp. in the rumen of deer. Veterinární Medicína, Praha, 42, 233-237.
  • Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. 1986. Manual of Veterinary Parasitological Techniques, Reference Book. Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, London.
  • Norton C.C. 1986. Coccidia of the domestic goat Capra hircus, with notes on Eimeria ovinoidalis and E. bakuensis (syn. E. ovina) from the sheep Ovis aries. Parasitology, 92, 279-289.
  • Pellérdy L.P. 1974. Coccidia and coccidiosis. Akadémia Kiadó, Budapest.
  • Sayin F., Dincer S., Milli U. 1980. The life cycle and pathogenicity of Eimeria arloingi (Marotel, 1905) Martin, 1909, in Angora kids and an attempt at its transmission to lambs. Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin, B, 27, 382-397.
  • Taylor M. A., Catchpole J. 1994. Coccidiosis of domestic ruminants. Applied Parasitology, 35, 73-86.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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