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2010 | 70 | 4 |
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Why the leash constrains the dog: the impact of semantic associations on sentence production

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EN
Abstrakty
EN
The production of language is one of the most complex and amazing skills in humans. Increasing evidence demonstrated that associative relations (e.g., car - garage) play an important role during concept formation but during speech production the effects and processing of associations are highly debated. Hence, the present study investigated the impact of associations and different SOAs on the production of sentences (Experiment 1) and on naming objects (Experiment 2). In an adapted version of the picture-word interference task, participants were asked to name two pictures using a standardized sentence (e.g., “The car is to the left of the trousers”). Thereby, a simultaneous (SOA = 0 ms) or slightly preceding (SOA = -150 ms) auditory or visual distractor had to be ignored. Distractors were related to the first noun (for example: “The car is to the left to the trousers”, distractor: “garage”) or to the second noun (distractor: “belt”) or unrelated to both nouns (distractor: “bottle ”) of the sentence. At simultaneous presentation, visual and auditory distractors related to the first noun of the sentence prolonged naming responses (i.e., interference). For slightly preceding distractors, only visual presentation induced interference for the first noun of the sentence. During no condition, longer naming responses were found for the second noun of the sentence. These effects suggest that associatively related concepts are active during speech production and can be competitors, i.e., they lead to semantic interference. In Experiment 2, subjects had to name an object (e.g., car) while ignoring a visually presented distractor (e.g., motor). The stimulus set was the same as in Experiment 1. The results showed a facilitation effect if the distractor and the target were associatively related. Overall, the current results provide new insight in the models of speech production: while during single word production, associations facilitate naming, they interfere during sentence production. Hence, associations have an important influence on producing speech but the impact is varied by the context, i.e., single word or sentential.
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Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
70
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.435-453,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
  • JARA - Translational Brain Medicine
autor
  • Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
  • Institute of Neurosciences and Medicine (INM-1), Research Centre Julich
  • JARA - Translational Brain Medicine
autor
  • Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems CSE, Cambridge, MA, USA
autor
  • Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
  • Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands
autor
  • Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
  • JARA - Translational Brain Medicine
autor
  • Department of Psychiatry und Psychotherapy, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg, Germany
  • Department of Psychiatry und Psychotherapy, Section Neuroimaging, Philipps-University Marburg, Germany
autor
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