PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | 02 |
Tytuł artykułu

Appraisal of sulphur contaminants from transportation in urban Zaria, Nigeria

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
As a step towards remediation of sulphur contaminants, this study used a Crowcon Gasman (gas detection instrument) to collect and analyze Sulphuric gas samples from densely populated areas of urban Zaria. The results showed varying concentrations of Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) and Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S). The high concentrations of these pollutants detected can be attributed to increased population growth, increased production of gaseous wastes and increased number of vehicular movement. The results indicate also that the concentrations of pollutant sulphur component SO2 measured at all sampling points, with exception of the control site were hazardous while that of H2S were within safe limit set by FEPA and ACGIH respectively. Statistical tests were performed which established significant variation/relationship between detected pollutants and traffic volume. Findings from this study imply that vehicular emission within urban Zaria is not within the safe limit which further reveals that transport-related pollution in Zaria urban area can be potentially hazardous to health.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
02
Opis fizyczny
p.19-30,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Geomatics, Faculty of Environmental Design, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
autor
  • Department of Geography, Faculty of Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
autor
  • Department of Geomatics, Faculty of Environmental Design, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Bibliografia
  • [1] ACFA, (2008). Sulphur Reduction – The Key to Lower Vehicle Emissions. Asian Clean Fuels Association Monthly Publication Vol. 6, Issue 6 - Aug/Sept, 2008.
  • [2] ACGIH, (2005). Guide to Occupational Exposure Values “Notice of Intended Changes”. American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists In: MCDCP, (2006). Ambient Air Guidelines for H2S. Maine Centre for Disease Control and Prevention. Augusta, USA. Retrieved February 2, 2013, from: http://www.maine.gov/dep/waste/publications/documents/ambientairguidelines.pdf
  • [3] Akselsson C., Ardo J., Sverdrup H., Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 98 (2004) 363-379.
  • [4] Barman S. C., Singh R., Negi, M. P. S., Bhargava S. K., Environ Monit. Asses 137 (2008) 495-504.
  • [5] Ettouney R. S., Zaki J. G., El-Rifiai M. A., Ettouney H. M., Toxicology and Environmental Chemistry 92(4) (2010) 655-668.
  • [6] Federal Environmental Protection Agency, (1991). Guidelines and Standards for Environmental Protection Control in Nigeria. In Ajayi, A. B. and Dosunmu, O. O. (2002). Environmental hazards of Importing Used Vehicles into Nigeria. Proceedings of International Symposium on Environmental Pollution Control and Waste Management (EPCOWM). (7-10) January 2002, Tunis, Tunisia. Pp. 521-532.
  • [7] Haywood J., Boucher O., Reviews of Geophysics 38(4) (2000) 513-54.
  • [8] Kalabokas P. O., Viras L. G., Repapis C., Global Nest Journal 1(3) (1999) 157-167.
  • [9] Lovblad G., Tarrason L., Tørseth K., Dutchak S. (Eds.) (2004). EMEP Assessment Report Part I, European Perspective, Retrieved July 15, 2013, from: http://www.emep.int
  • [10] Mortimore M. J. (ed) (1970). Zaria and its Region: A Nigerian Savanna City and its Environs. Department of Geography, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria. Occasional Paper No 4.
  • [11] Nellemann C., Goul Thomsen M., Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 128 (2001) 197-205.
  • [12] NPC, (2006). Population. National Population Commission Census Report. Nigerian Statistics Annual Report. Pp. 14 Retrieved May 22, 2012, from: http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/nbsapps/annual_reports/CHAPTER%202.pdf/ [13] Okunola O. J., Uzairu A., Gimba C. E., Ndukwe G. I., International Journal of Environment and Sustainability 1(1) (2012) 1-15. [14] Ragini N., Chandrashekara M. S., Nagaiah N., Paramesh L., Toxicology and Environmental Chemistry 91(4) (2009) 605-609.
  • [15] Ramanathan V., Crutzen P. J., Kiehl J. K., Rosenfeld D., Science 294 (2001) 2119-2124.
  • [16] Riordan D., Adeeb F. (2004). Air Quality Monitoring for Sulphur Dioxide in Metropolitan Adelaide. Environment Protection Authority Document. Retrieved July 3, 2013 from: http://www.epa.sa.gov.au/xstd_files/Air/Report/so2_report.pdf
  • [17] Richards J. K. (2000). Control of Gaseous Emissions. United States Environmental Protection Agency Air Pollution Training Institute (USEPA APTI). Student Manual Course 415. Third Edition. Retrieved July 1, 2013, from: http://www.4cleanair.org/apti/415combined.pdf
  • [18] Schopp W., Posch M., Mylona S., Johansson M., Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 7 (2003) 436-446.
  • [19] Stoddard J. L., et al., Nature 401(6753) (1999) 575-578.
  • [20] Wang L. K., Pereira N. C., Hung Y. T. (2005). Advanced Air and Noise Pollution Control. Hand book of Environmental Engineering, Volume 2. Humana Press Inc. Totowa, NJ.
  • [21] WHO, (1981). Hydrogen Sulphide. World Health Organization, Environmental Health Criteria No. 19. Geneva.
  • [22] WHO, (2000). Air Quality Guidelines for Europe, Second Edition. WHO Regional Publications, European Series No. 91,Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen. In Blair, L. (2003). Sulphur Dioxide: Environmental Effects, Fate and Behaviour. Alberta Environment. Retrieved July 4, 2013, from: http://environment.gov.ab.ca/info/library/6615.pdf
  • [23] WHO, (2003). Health Aspects of Air Pollution with Particulate Matter, Ozone and Nitrogen dioxide, Report on a WHO Working Group, Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe (document EUR/03/5042688), available from: http://www.euro.who. int/document/e79097.pdf
  • [24] WHO, (2005a). WHO Air Quality Guidelines Global Update. Report on a Working Group Meeting, Bonn, Germany, 18-20 October 2005, WHOLIS number E87950.
  • [25] WHO, (2005b). Hydrogen Sulphide. Geneva World Health Organization, Environmental Health Criteria, No. 19.
  • [26] WHO, (2006). Health Risks of Particulate Matter from Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. Joint WHO/Convention Task Force on the Health Aspects of Air Pollution, WHO Regional Office for Europe, European Centre for Environment and Health, Bonn Office, WHOLIS number E88189.
  • [27] Wu C., Lin M., Feng C., Yang K., Lo Y., Lo J., Journal of Chromatography 996 (2003) 225-231.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-ac10b923-37f9-4930-be94-716ee52ad5c9
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.