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2019 | 13 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

The role of microbiota in the development of allergic diseases

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
Rola mikrobioty w rozwoju chorób alergicznych
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Scientific progress, industrial development, urbanization, and the “sterile” way of life have a significant negative side, namely, the sustained growth of allergic diseases. The “hygienic theory” is used to explain the unceasing increase in the incidence of allergies in the population. At the same time, an important link in the development of allergic diseases is the microbiological environment and our own microbiota. In our literature review we gathered new data on the pathogenetic relationships between the violation of the quantitative and qualitative composition of our microbiocenosis and the development of allergic diseases. The basic mechanisms by which microbiota influence the development of an allergic process have been established, in particular: influence on T-cell immunity, synthesis of cytokines, etc. In this review, particular attention is paid to factors that lead to microbiocenosis and contribute to the development of allergies. Among them it is worth to highlight inappropriate nutrition, “sterile” style of life, widespread using of antiseptics and antibiotics, etc. Therefore, the most important step in the prevention of allergic diseases is the modification of lifestyle, breastfeeding of children, frequent staying in the open air and contact with nature, rational use of antiseptics and antibiotics.
PL
Negatywnym aspektem postępu naukowego, rozwoju przemysłowego, urbanizacji i „sterylnego” stylu życia jest stały wzrost zachorowań na choroby alergiczne. Zależność tę wyjaśnia tzw. „teoria higieniczna”, tłumacząca nieprzerwany wzrost liczby alergii wśród społeczeństwa. Równie istotnym czynnikiem w rozwoju chorób alergicznych jest środowisko mikrobiologiczne i nasza własna mikrobiota. W tym artykule staraliśmy się zebrać nowe dane na temat zależności patogenetycznych, pomiędzy naruszeniem ilościowego i jakościowego składu naszej mikrobiocenozy, a rozwojem chorób alergicznych. Podstawowe mechanizmy wpływu mikrobioty oraz procesu powstawania alergii zostały już ustalone, są to przede wszystkim: wpływ komórek T na odporność, synteza cytokin, itp. Obecnie, szczególną uwagę poświęca się czynnikom, które prowadzą do powstawania mikrobiocenoz i przyczyniają się do rozwoju alergii. Należą do nich m.in. niewłaściwe odżywianie, „sterylny” styl życia, częste stosowanie środków antyseptycznych i antybiotyków. Z tego powodu najważniejszym krokiem w profilaktyce chorób alergicznych jest zmiana stylu życia, karmienie dzieci piersią, częste przebywanie na świeżym powietrzu, kontakt z naturą i rozsądne stosowanie środków antyseptycznych i antybiotyków.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
13
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.135-146,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Ivan Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine
  • Ivan Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine
  • Ivan Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine
autor
  • Ivan Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine
autor
  • Ivan Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine
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