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2014 | 59 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

The extraction of fossil arthropods from Lower Eocene Cambay amber

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Fossil arthropods preserved in amber typically comprise only hollow spaces lined with a thin layer of diagenetically altered or decomposed cuticle. In contrast, the cuticle of inclusions from Lower Eocene Cambay amber (Gujarat, India) is commonly perfectly preserved and moreover allows the extraction of whole specimens. Here we report on the examination of several groups of solvents to determine their ability to dissolve Cambay amber. The amber dissolves well in toluene, xylene, dichloromethane and trichlormethane (chloroform). Even orange oil and turpentine oil dissolve Cambay amber quite well. The extraction of inclusions by dissolving the amber matrix enables various novel observations and further investigations with biological analytical methods, although the material is extremely fragile after extraction.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
59
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.455-459,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Steinmann Institute of Geology, Mineralogy and Palaeontology, University of Bonn, Nusallee 8, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
autor
  • Institute of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, University of Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany
autor
  • Institute of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, University of Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany
autor
  • Institute of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, University of Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany
autor
  • Steinmann Institute of Geology, Mineralogy and Palaeontology, University of Bonn, Nusallee 8, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
Bibliografia
  • Anderson, K., Winans, R., and Botto, R. 1992. The nature and fate of natural resins in the geosphere—II. Identification, classification and nomenclature of resinites. Organic Geochemistry 18: 829–841.
  • Azar, D. 1997. A new method for extracting plant and insect fossils from Lebanese amber. Palaeontology 40: 1027–1029
  • Dutta, S., Mallick, M., Bertram, N., Greenwood, P.F., and Mathews, R.P. 2009. Terpenoid composition and class of Tertiary resins from India. International Journal of Coal Geology 80: 44–50.
  • Fabri, R., Graeser, U., and Simo, T.A. 1996. Toluene. In: W. Gerhartz and Y.S. Yamamoto (eds.), Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 5th rev. ed., A27, 147–157. VCH Publishers, Weinheim.
  • Galippe, V. 1920. Recherches sur la résistance des microzymas à l’action du temps et sur leur survivance dans l’ambre. Comptes Rendus de l´Académie des Sciences (Paris) 170: 856–858.
  • Mallick, M., Dutta, S., Greenwood, P.F., and Bertram, N. 2009. Pyrolytic and spectroscopic studies of Eocene resin from Vastan lignite Mine, Cambay basin, Western India. Journal of the Geological Society of India 74: 16–22.
  • Maury-Lechon, G. and Curtet, L. 1998. Biogeography and evolutionary systematics of the Dipterocarpaceae. In: S. Appanah and J.M. Turnbull (eds.), A Review of Dipterocarps: Taxonomy, Ecology and Sylviculture, 5–44. CIFOR, Bogor.
  • Poinar, G.O., Jr. 1992. Life in Amber. 350 pp. Stanford University Press, Stanford.
  • Ragazzi, E., Roghi, G., Giaretta, A., and Gianolla, P. 2003. Classification of amber based on thermal analysis. Thermochimica Acta 404: 43–54.
  • Rust, J., Singh, H., Rana, R.S., McCann, T., Singh, L., Anderson, K., Sarkar, N., Nascimbene, P.F., Gerdes, F., Thomas, J.C., Solórzano-Kraemer, M.M., Williams, C.J., Engel, M.S., Sahni, A., and Grimaldi, D. 2010. Biogeographic and evolutionary implications of a diverse paleobiota in amber from the Early Eocene of India. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 107: 18360–18365.
  • Soffritti, M., Belpoggi, F., Padovani, M., Lauriola, M., Esposti, D.D., and Minardi, F. 2004. Life-time carcinogenicity bioassays of toluene given by stomach tube to Sprague-Dawley rats. Survival 9: 91–102.
  • Tschirch, A. and Glimmann, G. 1896. Untersuchungen über die Sekrete. 21. Über das Dammarharz. Archiv der Pharmazie 234: 585–589.
  • van Aarssen, B.G.K., Cox, H.C., Hoogendoorn, P., and de Leeuw, J.W. 1990. A cadinene polymer in fossil and extant dammar resins as a source for cadinanes and bicadinanes in crude oils from South east Asia. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54: 3021–3031.
  • Viehmeyer, H. 1913. Ameisen aus dem Kopal von Celebes. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 74: 141–155.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
DOI
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-ab2083d2-60b0-461c-9f7f-caab33edd6c1
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