PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
1991 | 18 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Wartość żywieniowa oleju rzepakowego wysoko i niskoerukoewgo

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
EN
Nutritive value of high-erucic acid and low-erucic acid rapeseed oil
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
In our country rape is an oil plant grown on a large scale for food industry. It is the only oil plant giving good crops in our climate and at our soil. There is no doubt now that high-erucic acid rapeseed oil (30—50% of erucic acid) liquid or partly hardened exerts a harmful effect on the organism of many experimental animals (rats, rabbits, chickens, turkeys, guinea pigs, hamsters, mice, miniature pigs, piglets and monkeys). In view of this, in the countries where rape is grown including Poland varieties of rape with low erucic acid content and without erucic acid have been obtained by genetic selection methods. Presently low-erucic acid (1—5%) rape is grown in our country, and rapeseed oil obtained from it is widely used in liquid form and also as fat base for the production of margarines. A review of the world literature shows that high-erucic acid rapeseed oil produced pathological changes in many species of experimental animals. The experiments conducted for over 25 years at the National Institute of Food and Nutrition in Warsaw also demonstrated that administration of high-erucic acid rapeseed oil to experimental animals causes various functional and morphological changes in various organs. The most pronounced pathological lesions were found in the myocardium where after initial transient fatty infiltration focal microcellular infiltrations developed in the form of granulomas followed by fibrosis development. These lesions were particularly evident in young animals. After many experiments it was demonstrated that high-erucic acid rapeseed oil given to experimental animals in amount of 30% or more of the total energy intake stops weight gain in joung animals, while the studies of the authors showed that low-erucic acid oil (1—3%) administered in the same amount has no harmful effect on weight gain. This effect on weight gain in young animals is probably due, to lower consumption of food and poor assimilability and low energy value of this oil. It was found that high-erucic acid rapeseed oil is digested worse than other edible oils, while low-erucic acid rapeseed oil has the digestibility index similar to that of soybean oil or sunflower oil. One may assume, thus, that the degree of digestibility of rapeseed oil depends on its content of erucic acid. In high-erucic acid rapeseed oil erucic acid is situated nearly exclusively in positions 1 and 3 of triglyceride molecule, which probably determines the low digestibility index of this oil. It was shown in many experiments that administration of high-erucic acid rapeseed oil causes rapid and intense accumulation of lipids in the myocardium what is caused by erucic acid. Studies performed by Ziemlanski et al., confirmed by other authors, showed that fatty infiltration appeared in the myocardium already three hours after administration of high-erucic acid rapeseed oil with diet, with maximal infiltration after 3—4 days, which persists until the 7—8th day. With regression of fatty infiltration, that is after 6—7 weeks, microfocal histocytic infiltrations appeared, which with time were transformed into fibrosis. Low-erucic acid rapeseed oil (1—5% erucic acid) caused no fatty infiltration in the myocardium, but after administration of this oil in amount exceeding 20% of the total energy intake it produced microfocal necrosis with histiocytic infiltrations and microfocal fibrosis in the myocardium of some animals. It should be emphasized that the intensity of these lesions and their incidence were much lower than after high-erucic acid rapeseed oil. As yet it has not been explained whether a relationship between myocardial fatty infiltration and the development of microfocal necrosis exists. The recent studies of Ziemlański et al. showed that no-erucic acid rapeseed oil (i.e. double zero) caused practically no myocardial lesions. Besides myocardial changes produced by high-erucic acid rapeseed oil adrenal changes were found. The authors demonstrated changes in the corticosterone content of adrenal plands, plasma and urine in the experimental animals proportional to the content of erucic acid in diet. Low-erucic acid rapeseed oil administered in amount equal even to 50°/o of the energy intake caused no such changes. In the light of these experiments the authors concluded that the content of low-erucic acid rapeseed oil (1—5% erucic acid) in diet should not exceed 10% of the energy value of the daily food ration. The data on the effects of high-erucic acid and low-erucic acid oil on the human organism are rather scant, and are related mainly to the digestibility of rapeseed oil and erucic acid, and to the effect of one dose of this oil on the rate of utilization of fatty acids by the myocardium. The possibility of a cause-and-effect relationship between the consumption of high-erucic acid rapeseed oil by humans and the development of myocardial fatty infiltration and microfocal necrosis has not yet been demonstrated. Nevertheless, the results of many experiments on various animal species indicate a need for caution, particularly with regard to high-erucic acid oil. The studies of Canadian authors on young volunteers have shown that low-erucic acid rapeseed oil was more effective than soybean oil in reducing the blood cholesterol level. Our animal studies confirmed this observation; besides, we demonstrated a strong antiatherosclerotic effect of no-erucic acid rapeseed oil. On the basis of the results of the studies carried out until now it may be assumed that no-erucic acid or low-erucic acid (1—5%) rapeseed oil is not a threat to health. Moreover, the oil contains large amouts of oleinic acid, approaching those found in olive oil, and this plays a beneficial role in human nutrition. The present widely accepted opinion is that no-erucic acid or low-erucic acid (1—5%) acid) are valuble edible oils and may be recommended to adults. Considering its antiatherosclerotic and hypocholesterolaemic effects it may be recommended to subjects with hypercholesterolaemia and in dietetic treatment of various diseases. However, caution is suggested, as yet, in its administration to infants and babies.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
18
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
s.40-66,rys.,tab.,wykr.,fot.,bibliogr.
Twórcy
  • Zakład Fizjologii i Biochemii Żywienia, Instytut Żywności i Żywienia w Warszawie, Warszawa
  • Zakład Fizjologii i Biochemii Żywienia, Instytut Żywności i Żywienia w Warszawie, Warszawa
Bibliografia
  • 1. Abdellatif A. M. M., Vies R. O.: Biological effects of dietary rapeseed oilin rats. Nutr. Metab., 1970, 12, 285.
  • 2. Abdellatif A. M. M., Vies R. O.: Short-term and long term pathological effects of gliceryl trierucate and of increasing levels of dietary rapeseed oil in rats. Nutr. Metab., 1973, 15, 219.
  • 3. Abdellatif A. M. M., Vles R. O.: The effects of various fats supplements of the nutritional and pathogenic characteristic of diet containing erucic acid in ducklings. Nutr. Metab., 1971, 13, 65.
  • 4. Anonymous: Valeur nutritionelle de l’huile de colza. Revue fr. Corps Gras 1970, 1972.
  • 5. Beare-Rogers J. L., Nera E. A., Craig B. M Accumulation of cardiac fatty acid in rats fed synthesized oils containing C22 fatty acids. Lipids 1972, 7, 46.
  • 6. Beare-Rogers J. L., Nera E. A.: Cardiac fatty acid and histopathology of rats, pigs, monkeys and gerbils fed rapeseed oil. Comp. Biochem. Physicol., 1972, 41B, 793.
  • 7. Beare-Rogers J. L., Nera E. A.-. Cardiac lipids in rats and gerbils fed oils containing Cj, fatty acids. Lipids 1972, 7, 548.
  • 8. Bezard J., Bouerot R., Lecerf J., et al.: Metabolisme de l’acide erucique. In: Les actions thematiques de l’lnserm. No 2, Inserm Paris, 1975.
  • 9. Budzyńska-Topolowska J., Ziemlański Ś.: Czynność kory nadnerczy u szczurów otrzymujących w pożywieniu rózne ilosci oleju rzepakowego. I Krajowe Symp. Chemii i Technol. Tłuszczow. Krakow, luty 1979, Doniesienia 3, 365.
  • 10. Budzyńska-Topolowska J., Ziemlański Ś.Teneur en corticosterone des surrenales du plasma et de l’urine chez le rat soumis a des regimes renfermant de l’huile de colza. Ann. Nutr. Aliment., 1973, 27, 249.
  • 11. Budzyńska-Topolowska J., Ziemlański Ś., Kochman E.: Effects de l’huile de colza sur la production de la corticosterone chez rats soumis a des agression (effortphysique, froid). Ann. Nutr. Aliment., 1975, 29, 35.
  • 12. Bułhak-Jachymczyk B., Hübner-Woźniak E.: Effect of dietary erucic acid on the level of long-chain acilcarnitines in rat heart and liver. Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Ser. Sci. Biol., 1974, 22, 19.
  • 13. Bułhak-Jachymczyk B., Kucharczyk B., Olszewska-Kaczyńska I.: Effect of dietary erucic acid on the fatty acid composition of the heart and liver phospholipids in rat. Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Ser. Sci. Biol., 1974, 22, 205.
  • 14. Carroll K. K.: Effect of dietary fats and oils on adrenal cholesterol, Endocrinology 1951, 48, 101.
  • 15. Carroll K. K., Richards J. F.: Digestibility of individual fatty acids in the rat. J. Nutr., 1958, 64, 411.
  • 16. Christophersen B. O., Bremer J.: Erucic acid-an inhibitor of fatty acid oxidation in the heart. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1972, 280, 506.
  • 17. Cluzan R.: Notions generates sur les lesions myocardiques obtenus apres administration chez l’animal d’huile contenant des acides gras a chaine tres longue. In: Les actions thematiques de l’lnserm. No 2, 265, Inserm, Paris 1975.
  • 18. Corner A. A.: Cardiopathology associated with the feeding of vegetable and marine oils. In: High and low erucic acid rapeseed oils. Ed: K. G. Kramer. New York. Academic Press, 1983.
  • 19. Deuel H. J., Johnson R. AL, Galbert C. E., et al.: Studies on the comparative nutritive value of fats. XII. The digestibility of rapeseed and cotton seed oils in human subjects. J. Nutr., 1949, 38, 369.
  • 20. Deuel H. J., Greenberg S. M., Straub E. E., et al.: Studies on the comparative nutritive value of fats. X On the reputed growth-promoting activity of vacenic acid. J. Nutr., 1948, 35, 301.
  • 21. Farnworth E. R.: The composition of diets used in rapeseed oil feeding trials. In: High and low erucic acid repeseed oils. Ed: J. K. G. Kramer. New York, Academic Press, 1983.
  • 22. Grice H. C., Heggtveit H. A.: The relevance of humans of myocardial lesions induced in rats by marine and rapeseed oils. In: Hig and low erucic acid rapeseed oils. Ed: J. K. G. Kramer. New York, Academic Press, 1983.
  • 23. Hornstra G.\ Digestibility efficiency and other metabolic effects of dietary rapeseed oil in rats. Nutr. Metab., 1972, 14, 282.
  • 24. Houstmuller U. AL, Struijk C. B., Van der Beek A.: Decrease in rate of ATP synthesis of isolated rat heart mitochondria induced by dietary erucic acid. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1970, 218, 564.
  • 25. Keys A., Andersson J. T., Grande F.: Serum cholesterol response to changes in the diets. Metabolism 1965, 14, 776.
  • 26. Kramer J. K. G., Sauer F. D.: Results obtained with feeding low erucic acid rapeseed oils and other vegatable oils to rats and other species. In: High and low erucic acid rapeseed oils. Ed: J. K. G. Kramer. New York, Academic Press, 1983.
  • 27. Kramer J. K. G., Sauer F. D.: Cardiac lipid changes in rats, pigs and monkeys fed high fat diets. In: High and low erucic acid rapeseed oils. Ed: J. K. G. Kramer. New York, Academic Press, 1983.
  • 28. Lemarchal P., Clouet P-, Blond J. P.: Oxydation de l’acide erucique par les mitochondries du coeur de rat in vitro. In: Les actions thematiques de l’lnserm, No 2, Inserm, Paris 1975.
  • 29. Me Donald B. E.: Studies with high and low erucic acid rapeseed oil in man. In: High and low erucic acid rapeseed oils. Ed: J. K. G. Kramer. New York, Acadamic Press. 1983.
  • 30. Me Gandy R. B., Hegsted D. AL: Quantitative effects of dietary fat and cholesterol on serum cholesterol in man. In: The role of fats in human nutrition. Ed: A. J. Vergroesen. New York, Academic Press, 1975.
  • 31. Pande S. V.: The regulation of longchain fatty acid oxidation. In: High and low erucic acid rapeseed oils Ed: J. K. G. Kramer. New York, Academic Press, 1983.
  • 32. Pinson A., Padieu PErucic acid metabolism by cultured beating heart cell on the postnatal rat. Abstr. 6th Ann. Meet. Int. Study Group for Research in Cardiac Metab. Freiburg 1973, paper no 91.
  • 33. 33. Rocquelin G., Leclerc J.: H’huile de colza riche en acide erucique et huile de colza sans acide erucique. II. Utilisation digestive comparee chez le rat. Ann. Biol. Anim. Biochim. Biophys., 1969, 9, 413.
  • 34. Rocquelin G., Cluzan R., Vodovar N, et al.: Recherches recentes sur les effects physiopathologiques des huiles de colza et de cambra au niveau de myocarde et d’autres organes. Cah. Nutr. Diet., 1973, 8, 103.
  • 35. Sauer F. D., Kramer J. K. G.: The metabolism of docosenoic acids in the heart. In: High and low erucic acid rapeseed oils. Ed: J. K. G. Kramer. New York, Academic Press, 1983.
  • 36. Schiefer H. B.: Studies in non-hominid primates. In: Nutritional evaluation of long-chain fatty acids in fish cil. Ed: S.M. Barlow. New York, Academic Press, 1982.
  • 37. Slinger S. J., Coates B. J., Carney J. A., etal.: Effect of dietary rapeseed oil on cardiac glicogen in the growing rat. Nutr. Rep. Int., 1973, 8, 245.
  • 38. Sprecher H.: The mechanisms of fatty acid chain elongation and desaturation in animals. In High and low erucic acid rapeseed oils. Ed: J. K. G. Kramer. New York, Academic Press, 1983.
  • 39. 39. Swaar H.: The long term heart lesion phenomen in animals and humans. In: Nutritional evaluation of long-chain fatty acids in fish oil. Ed: S. M. Barlow. New York, Academic Press, 1982.
  • 40. 40. Thomasson H. J., Gottenbos J. J., Pijpen P. L., et alNutritive value of rapeseed oil. Int. Symp. Chem. Technol. Rapeseed Oil Cruciferae Oils. Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Roln., Gdańsk, 1970, 91, 404.
  • 41. Vaisey M., Latta M., Bruce V. M., et al.: Assessment of the intake and digestibility of high and low erucic rapeseed oils in mixed Canadian diet. Can. Inst. Food Sci. Technol. J.. 1973, 6, 142.
  • 42. Vles R. O., Bijster G. M., Timmer W. G.: Nutritional evaluation of low erucic-acid rapeseed oils. Arch. Toxicol., Suppl., 1978, 1, 23.
  • 43. Vodovar N., Desnoyers F.: Alterations ultrastructurales des cellules du myocarde de pore et de rat induites par le regime avec les huiles de colza et de ses varietes canbra et primor. In: Les actions thematiques de l’lnserm, No 2. Paris, Inserm, 1975, 115.
  • 44. Walker B. L„ Carney I. A.: Response of reat adrenal cholesterol esters to cold stress. Lipids 1971, 6, 797.
  • 45. Ziemlański Ś., Opuszyńska T., Bułhak-Jachymczyk B., et al.: Biochemical evalution of the nutritive value of edible fats. I. Effect of selected fats on the consumption, fat digestibility coefficient, gain of body weight and some enzymatic tests in the serum and liver of experimental animals. Pol. Med. J., 1972, 11, 1602.
  • 46. Ziemlański Ś.. Bułhak-Jachymczyk B., Kucharczyk B., et al.: Biological evaluation of the nutritional value of edible fats. II. Effect of certain fats on serum lipid fractions, composition of fatty acids and the level of trans isomers in lipids of some organs. Pol. Med. J.. 1972, 11, 1612.
  • 47. Ziemlański Ś., Cieślakowa D.. Pałaszewska M.: Effect of certain fats on protein digestion and absorption of amino acids in the digestive tract. Pol. Med. J.. 1972, 11, 881.
  • 48. Ziemlański Ś., Okolska G., Cieślakowa D., et al.: Studies on absorption of rapeseed oil in the digestive tract. I. Absorption of ethyl ester of erucic acid. Pol. Med. Sci. Hist. Bull., 1973, 15/1:445.
  • 49. Ziemlański Ś., Okolska G., Cieślakowa D., et al.: Studies of absorption of rapeseed oil in the digestive tract. II. Fecal excrection of erucic acid into the lumen of the digestive tract. Pol. Med. Sci. Hist. Bull., 1973, 15/1, 453.
  • 50. Ziemlański Ś., Kucharczyk B., Bułhak-Jachymczyk B.: The effect of selected edible fats on fatty acid composition of tissue lipids. Pol. Med. Sci. Hist. Bull., 1973, 15/1, 563.
  • 51. Ziemlański Ś., Rosnowski A., Opuszyńska-Freyer T.: Ultrastructure of early fatty infiltraction in the myocardium after administration of rapeseed oil in the diet. Acta Med. Pol., 1973, 14, 279.
  • 52. Ziemlański Ś., Opuszyńska T.. Bułhak-Jachymczyk B., et al.: Pathomorphology of myocardium in experimental animals fed rapeseed oil containing diet. Pol. Med. Sci. Hist. Bull., 1974, 15/1, 3.
  • 53. Ziemlański S., Rosnowski A.: Ultrasctructure of rat myocardium after feeding a diet with low-erucic acid rapeseed oil. Pol. Med. Sci. Hist. Bull., 1975, 15/III, 123.
  • 54. Ziemlański Ś., Budzyńska-Topolowska J., Kucharczyk B., et al.: The nutritive and biological value of rapeseed oil. In: Les actions thematiques de l’lnserm, No 2, Paris, Inserm 1975, 355.
  • 55. Ziemlański Ś., Kucharczyk B.. Ziombski H., et al.: Effect of exercise on the lipid content, lipid fatty acid composition and morphology of myocardial and skeletal muscles in rat. Pol. Med. Sci. Hist. Bull., 1975, 15/III, 95.
  • 56. Ziemlański Ś., Bułhak-Jachymczyk B., Kochman E., et al.: Evaluation of the biological and nutritive value of rapeseed oil. Warszawa, IZZ, Dokumentacja 1974.
  • 57. Ziemlański Ś., Bułhak-Jachymczyk B., Woroszylska J., et al.: The influence of fats diet on the rats during different physical activity. Warszawa, IZZ, Dokumentacja 1974.
  • 58. Ziemlański Ś.: Pathophysiological effects of long-chain fatty acids. Bibl. Nutr. D’eta 1977, 25, 134.
  • 59. Ziemlański Ś., Budzyńska-Topolowska J., Kochman E.: Recherches sur les effects physiooathologijues des huiles de colza pauvres en aci- de erucique au niveau des surrenales chez le rat. Ann. Nutr. Aliment., 1977, 31, 69.
  • 60. Ziemlański Ś., Budzyńska-Topolowska J.: Experiences nutritionelles et biologiques sur l’huile de colza ’’Janpol” pauvre en acide erucique. Ann. Nutr. Alim., 1978, 32, 1233.
  • 61. Ziemlański Ś., Budzyńska-Topolowska J.: Recherches sur les effects physiopathologiques des huiles de colza a haute et a basse teneur en acide erucique. Ann. Nutr. Alim., 1979, 33, 781.
  • 62. Ziemlański Ś., Budzyńska-Topolowska J.: Badania nad efektami fizjologicznymi oleju rzepakowego niskoerukowego Janpol. I Krajowe Sympozjum Chemii i Technologii Tluszczów. Krakow, luty 1979, Doniesienie 3, 406.
  • 63. Ziemlański Ś., Budzyńska-Topolowska J.: Efekty fizjologiczne oleju rzepakowego niskoerukowego Janpol spozywanego z innymi tluszczami. I Krajowe Sympozjum Chemii i Technologii Tluszczów. Krakow, luty 1979, Doniesienie 3, 410,
  • 64. Ziemlański Ś., Budzyńska-Topolowska J., Bułhak-Jachymczyk B., i in.: Ocena biologiczno-żywieniowa mieszanin oleju rzepakowego z sojowym. I Krajowe Sympozjum Chemii i Technologii Tluszczów. Krakow, luty 1979, Doniesienie 3, 413.
  • 65. Ziemlański Ś., Żelakiewicz K., Panczenko-Kresowska B., et al.: Antiatherogenic effect of sunflower and low erucic rapeseed oils. Abstr. Intern. Symposium: New Aspects of Dietary Lipids. Benefits, Hazards and Use. Goteborg, Sweden, September 17—20, 1989, 41.
Uwagi
Rekord w opracowaniu
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-a997f7cc-f701-4c9b-b995-12ed4a312a19
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.