Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2010 | 60 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Biochemical composition and nutritional potential of ukpa: a variety of tropical lima beans (Phaseolus lunatus) from Nigeria - a short report

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Limitations of protein supplies make the hunt for new protein sources and their quality evaluation necessary. Ukpa seeds, a variety of lima beans (Phaseolus lunatus), was biochemically evaluated. Analysis on fresh weight bases gave crude protein content of 23.17 g/100 g, true protein value of 19.57 g/100 g and appreciable amounts of total carbohydrates (71.14 g/100 g) and minerals comparable to commonly consumed staples. Crude fat content was 0.21 g/100 g while those of total sugar and starch were 4.48 and 67.72 g/100 g respectively. Levels of trypsin inhibitor, phytic acid and oxalate were not striking but comparable with other conventional food sources. However, polyphenols were not detected in the seeds, which could be a nutritional advantage. While marginally limiting in S-containing amino acids (Cyst + Meth) (score 90.4), other indispensable amino acids (IAA) were at higher than adequate concentrations and easily satisfied the recommended requirements. It was concluded that ukpa seeds represent a potential source of protein and energy that could alleviate shortages, and efforts towards the domestication, multiplication and conservation of this indigenous variety should be pursued.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Nutrition Unit, Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu 400006, Nigeria
  • 1. AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists), Official Methods of Analysis, 1990, 15th edn., K. Helich, AOAC, Arlington, VA, USA.
  • 2. Apata D.F., Ologhobo A.D., Biochemical evaluation of some Nigerian legume seeds. Food Chem., 1994, 49, 333–338.
  • 3. Betancur-Ancona D., Gallegos-Tintore S., Chel-Guerrero L., Wet-fractionation of Phaseolus lunatus seeds: partial characterization of starch and protein. J. Sci. Food Agric., 20004, 84, 1193–1201.
  • 4. Badifu G.I.O., Effect of processing on proximate composition, antinutritional and toxic contents of kernels from cucurbitaceae species grown in Nigeria. J. Food Comp. Anal., 2001, 114, 153–– 161.
  • 5. Baker C.J.L., The determination of oxalate in fresh plant material. Analyst (London), 1952, 77, 340–344.
  • 6. Barampama Z., Simard R.E., Nutrient composition, protein quality and antinutritional factors of some varieties of dry beans (P. vulgaries) grown in Burundi. Food Chem., 1993, 47, 159–167.
  • 7. Bello-Pe´rez L.A., Sa´yago-Ayerdi S.G., Cha´vez-Murillo C.E., Agama-Acevedo E., Tovar J., Proximal composition and in vitro digestibility of starch in lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) varieties. J. Sci. Food Agric., 2007, 87, 2570–2575.
  • 8. Booth V.H., Problems in the determination of FDNB-available lysine. J. Sci. Food Agric., 1971, 22, 658–666.
  • 9. Carpenter K.J., The estimation of available lysine in animal protein foods. Biochem. J., 1960, 77, 604–610.
  • 10. Davies N.T., Reid H., An evaluation of the phytate, zinc, copper, iron and manganese contents of, and zinc availability from soy-based textured-vegetable-protein-meat-substitutes or meat extenders. Br. J. Nutr., 1979, 41, 579–589.
  • 11. Duboise M.C., Gruillies K.A., Hamilton J.K., Rogers P.A., Smith F., Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Analytical Chem., 1956, 28, 350–356.
  • 12. Egbe I.A., Akinyele I.O., Effect of cooking on the antinutritional factors of lima beans (P. lunatus). Food Chem., 1990, 35, 81–87.
  • 13. Evans R.J., Bandemer S.L., Nutritive value of legume seed proteins. J. Agric. Food Chem., 1967, 15, 439–443.
  • 14. Ezeagu I.E., Ologhobo A.D., Proximate composition of unfamiliar plant seeds in Nigeria – A short report. Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci., 1995, 4/5, 79–83.
  • 15. Ezeagu I.E, Petzke K.J, Lange E., Metges C.C., Fat content and fatty acid composition of oils extracted from selected wildgathered tropical plant seeds from Nigeria. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 1998, 75, 10311035.
  • 16. Ezeagu I.E., Petzke J.K., Metges C.C., Akinsoyinu A.O., Ologhobo A.D., Seed protein contents and nitrogen-to-protein conversion factors for some uncultivated tropical plant seeds. Food Chem., 2002, 78, 105–109.
  • 17. Ezeagu I.E., Maziya-Dixon B., Tarawali G., Seed characteristics, and nutrient and anti-nutrient composition of 12 Mucuna accessions from Nigeria. Tropical & Subtropical Agroecosystems, 2003, 1, 129–139.
  • 18. Ezeagu I.E., Efficiency of inactivation of trypsin inhibitory activity in some selected tropical plant seeds by autoclaving. Biokemistri, 2006, 18, 1, 21–24.
  • 19. FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization) Food Composition Tables for the Near East. 1982, Food and Nutrition Paper 26, FAO/UN, Rome.
  • 20. FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization) The state of food insecurity in the World 2004, 2004, FAO, Rome, Italy.
  • 21. FAO/WHO (Food and Agricultural Organization/World Health Organization), Protein quality evaluation, 1991, Report of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO Food and Nutrition Paper, No.51).
  • 22. Granito M., Brito Y., Torres A., Chemical composition, antioxidant capacity and functionality of raw and processed (Phaseolus lunatus). J. Sci. Food Agric., 2007, 87, 2801–2809.
  • 23. Hsu H.W., Vavak D.L., Satterlee L.D., Miller A., A multienzyme technique for estimating protein digestibility. J. Food Sci., 1977, 42, 1269–1273.
  • 24. Hultin E., Torssell K., Alkaloid-screening of Swedish plants. Phytochemistry, 1965, 4, 425–433.
  • 25. Ihimire I.G., Eguavoen I.O., Onimawo I.A., Dehydrocyanation of cultivars of lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) and its effect on tryptophan content. J. Sci. Food Agric., 2004, 84, 246–250.
  • 26. Jansen G.R., Amino acid fortification. 1977, in: Evaluation of Proteins for Humans (ed. C.E. Bodwell). AVI Publishing Co. Westport, CT, pp. 178–182.
  • 27. Kadwe R.S., Thakare K.K., Badhe N.N., A note on the protein and mineral composition of twenty five varieties of pulses. Indian J. Nutri. Dietetics, 1974, 11, 83–85.
  • 28. Kakade M.L, Rackis J.J., McGhee J.E., Puski G., Determination of trypsin inhibitor activity of soy products: A collaborative analysis of an improved procedure. Cereal Chem., 1974, 51, 376–382.
  • 29. Kalenga K., Hood L.F., VanSoest P.J., Characterisation of starch and fibre of banana fruit. J. Food Sci., 1981, 46, 1885–1890.
  • 30. Korytnyk W., Metzler E.A., Composition of lipids of lima beans and certain other beans. J. Sci. Food Agric., 2006, 14, 841–844.
  • 31. Krupa U., Main nutritional and antinutritional compounds of bean seeds – a review. Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci., 2008, 58, 149–155.
  • 32. Lalas S., Tsaknis J., Characterization of Moringa oleifera seed oil variety. J. Food Comp. Anal., 2002, 15, 65–77.
  • 33. Meredith F.I., Thomas C.A., Amino acid and elemental contents of lima bean seed. J. Food Sci., 1982, 47, 2021–2061.
  • 34. McDonald P., Edwards R.A., Greenhalg J.F.D., Animal Nutrition. 1981, 3rd Ed., Longman, England.
  • 35. Mohan V.R., Janardhana K., The biochemical composition and nutrient assessment of less known pulse of the genus Canavalia. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr., 1994, 45, 255–262.
  • 36. Murray S.S., Schoeninger M.J., Bunn H.T., Pickering T.R., Marlett J.A., Nutritional composition of some wild plant foods and honey used by Hadza foragers of Tanzania. J. Food Comp. Anal., 2001, 14, 3–13.
  • 37. Nordeide M.B., Hatlog A., Folling M., Lied E., Oshang A., Nutrient composition and nutritional importance of green leaves and wild food resources in an agricultural district, Koutiala, in Southern Mali. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr., 1996, 47, 455–468.
  • 38. Nwokolo E., Nutritional evaluation of pigeon pea meal. Pl. Foods Hum. Nutr., 1987, 37, 283–290.
  • 39. Offei S.K., Asante I.K., Danquah E.Y., Variation in size, protein, cyanide and tannin contents of lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus). Trop. Sci., 2006, 43, 132–134.
  • 40. Pelletier D.L., Frongillo E.A. Jr., Schroeder D.G; Habicht J.P., The effect of malnutrition on child mortality in developing countries. Bull. World Hlth. Org., 1995, 73, 443–448.
  • 41. Petzke K.J., Ezeagu I.E., Proll J., Akinsoyinu A.O., Metges C., Amino acid composition, available lysine content and in vitro protein digestibility of selected tropical crop seeds. Pl. Foods Hum. Nutr., 1997, 50, 151–162.
  • 42. Schulte E., Weber K., Schnelle Herstellung der Fettsäuremethyester aus Fetten mit Trimethysulfoniumhydroxid oder Natriummethylat. Fat Sci. Technol., 1989, 91, 181–183.
  • 43. Seaforth C.E., A survey of Eastern Nigerian plants for alkaloids, essential oils, and saponins. West African J. Biol. Appl. Chem., 1964, 7, 28–31.
  • 44. Siddhuraju P., Vijayakumari K., Janardhanan K., Chemical composition and protein quality of the little-known legume, Velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens L. DC.). J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 2636–2641.
  • 45. Smith D.B., Determination of protein content of seeds in breeding programmes. 1987, in: Protein Evaluation of Cereals and Legumes (ed. V. Pattakon). Luxembourg: CEC Rep. EUR 1404 EN; CEC, pp. 21–31.
  • 46. Vietmeyer N., Janick J., New crops, 1996. in: Proceedings of the Third National Symposium, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, 22–25 October 1996, Am. Soc. Horticultural Sci. Alexandria, USA, pp. 2–8.
Rekord w opracowaniu
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.