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2018 | 27 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Changes of carbon dioxide concentrations in classrooms: simplified model and experimental verification

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Our paper presents a simplified model of carbon dioxide concentrations in classrooms equipped with stack ventilation systems, based on experimental research. The test was conducted in six classrooms in the building of the Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering of Białystok University of Technology in northeastern Poland. The research included both classrooms that were not mechanically ventilated and classrooms that were ventilated by opening the windows during breaks between classes. In all classrooms, a linear increase in the concentration of carbon dioxide during the classes was observed. The increase of the concentration of carbon dioxide in spaces of this type depends mostly on the volume of and the number of persons present in the space.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
27
Numer
5
Opis fizyczny
p.2397-2403,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
  • Department of HVAC Engineering, Bialystok University of Technology, Bialystok, Poland
  • Department of HVAC Engineering, Bialystok University of Technology, Bialystok, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. ALMEIDA R.M.S.F., RAMOS N.M.M., DE FREITAS V.P. Thermal comfort models and pupils’ perception in free-running school buildings of a mild climate country. Energy Build. 111, 64, 2016.
  • 2. ARENDT K., KRZACZEK M., TEJCHMAN J. Influence of input data on airflow network accuracy in residential buildings with natural wind- and stack-driven ventilation. Build. Simul. 10 (2), 229, 2017.
  • 3. CETIN M., SEVIK H. Measuring the Impact of Selected Plants on Indoor CO₂ Concentrations, Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 25 (3), 973, 2016.
  • 4. DORIZAS P.V., ASSIMAKOPOULOS M.-N., HELMIS C., SANTAMOURIS M. An integrated evaluation study of the ventilation rate, the exposure and the indoor air quality in naturally ventilated classrooms in the Mediterranean region during spring. Sci. Total Environ. 502, 557, 2015.
  • 5. SŁODCZYK E., SUSZANOWICZ D., Optimization of carbon dioxide concentration in the didactic rooms by the regulation of ventilation, Ecol. Chem. Eng. A 23, 275, 2016.
  • 6. KRAWCZYK D.A., GŁADYSZEWSKA-FIEDORUK K., RODERO A. The analysis of microclimate parameters in the classrooms located in different climate zones. Appl. Therm. Eng. 113, 1088, 2017.
  • 7. KRAWCZYK D.A., RODERO A., GŁADYSZEWSKA-FIEDORUK K., GAJEWSKI A. CO₂ concentration in naturally ventilated classrooms located in different climates – measurements and simulations. Energy Build. 129, 491, 2016.
  • 8. MAINKA A., BRĄGOSZEWSKA E., KOZIELSKA B., PASTUSZKA J.S., ZAJUSZ-ZUBEK E. Indoor air quality in urban nursery schools in Gliwice, Poland: Analysis of the case study. Atmos. Pollut. Res. 6, 1098, 2015.
  • 9. MALINAUSKIENE V., LEISYTE P., MALINAUSKAS R., BAGDONAS G., JANKAUSKIENE L., MALINAUSKAITE I., Outdoor and Indoor Air Pollution and Myocardial Infarction among Women in Kaunas, Lithuania: a Case-Control Study, Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 20 (4), 969, 2011.
  • 10. PEREIRA L.D., RAIMONDO D., CORGNATI S.P., DA SILVA M.G. Assessment of indoor air quality and thermal comfort in Portuguese secondary classrooms: Methodology and results. Build. Environ. 81, 69, 2014.
  • 11. ASHRAE Standard 62-1989. Ventilation for acceptable Indoor Air Quality. Atlanta.
  • 12. WHO 2000. Air Quality Guidelines for Europe. Second Edition 2000. WHO Regional Office for Europe Copenhagen. European Series. No. 91.
  • 13. EN ISO 7730 (2005). Moderate Thermal Environmente Determination of the PMV and PPD Indices and Specification of the Conditions for Thermal Comfort. International Organization for Standardization. Geneva. 2005.
  • 14. BULIŃSKA A., POPIOŁEK Z., BULIŃSKI Z. Experimentally validated CFD analysis on sampling region determination of average indoor carbon dioxide concentration in occupied space. Build. Environ. 72, 319, 2014.
  • 15. GŁADYSZEWSKA-FIEDORUK K., RODERO A., Dependence of Carbon Dioxide Concentration and Relative Humidity in Didactic Room - Case Study. 20 (1), 17, 2017 [In Polish].
  • 16. KOFFI J., EL MANKIBI M., GOURDON E., ISSOGLIO R. Assessment of single-sided ventilation with acoustic shutters on windows. Build. Simul. 8 (6), 689, 2015.
  • 17. SHCHERBOVSKYKH S., SPODYNIUK N., STEFANOVYCH T., ZHELYKH V., SHEPITCHAK V., Development of a reliability model to analyze the causes of a poultry module failure, East. Eur. J. Enterprise Technol. 4 (3-82), 4, 2016.
  • 18. PN-EN 13779: 2008. Ventilation of residential buildings. Requirements for the properties of ventilation and air conditioning.
  • 19. http://freemeteo.pl/pogoda/bialystok/historia/codzienna-historia/?gid=776069&station=4155&date=2016-07-06&language=polish&country=poland [11.11.2016].
  • 20. RECKNAGEL H., SPRENGER E., SCHRAMEK E.- R. Taschenbuch für Heizung + Klimatechnik 07/08: Taschenbuch für Heizung + Klimatechnik 2007/2008. einschließlich Warmwasser- und Kältetechnik Gebundene Ausgabe – 27, 2006.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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