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2011 | 67 | 07 |
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Cutaneous candidiasis in a dog with demodicosis - case report

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This report describes the clinical findings and treatment of cutaneous candidiasis caused by Candida albicans in a fourteen-month-old dog. Skin lesions were located on the neck and back, and included hair loss, erythema, papules, and pustules. Swab cultures obtained from intact pustules grew C. albicans but no bacteria. The examination of susceptibility to antifungals, carried out with ATB FUNGUS (bioMérieux), revealed that the isolated strain was susceptible to flucytosine, amphotericin B, and nystatin, but only moderately susceptible to fluconazole, econazole, and ketokonazole. The treatment consisted of the application of amitraz (an antiparasitic drug) and ketokonazole (orally, 15 mg/kg twice a day for 14 days), followed by miconazole cream. A complete recovery was obtained within 8 weeks. An infection with Demodex canis and, probably, previous antibiotic therapy were recognized as predisposing factors in this case. The repeated isolation of Candida albicans from intact pustules and a positive response of the patient to antifungal treatment proved the role of this yeast in the infection described here.
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  • Department of Pathology, University of Environmental and Life Sciences in Wroclaw, Norwida 31, 50-375 Wroclaw, Poland
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