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2015 | 37 | 01 |
Tytuł artykułu

Study on the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of extracts from shoot culture and regenerated plants of Scutellaria altissima L.

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The flavonoid (baicalin, wogonoside, luteolin, luteolin-7-glucoside) and verbascoside contents of Scutellaria altissima in both shoot cultures, and the shoots and roots of micropropagated plants grown in the greenhouse for 12 weeks or in the field for 2 years were determined. The level of secondary metabolites was found to be strongly affected by the age and type of plant organ. A comparative analysis of S. altissima plants propagated in vitro and from seeds revealed no differences in the level of secondary metabolites when plants of the same age were studied. The antioxidant potential of methanolic extracts from shoot cultures, and the shoots and roots of S. altissima plants propagated in vitro, were evaluated using ABTS radical scavenging, FRAP metal reduction power and the lipid peroxidation test, in relation to the content of baicalin, wogonoside, verbascoside, total phenolic and total flavonoid compounds. Extracts from the roots of field-grown regenerated plants at the flowering stage were found to possess the strongest antioxidant activity. Correlation analysis revealed that the antioxidant activity of extracts correlated most closely with their total phenolic content estimated by the Folin-Ciocalteu method.
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Article: 1736 [9 p.], fig.,ref.
  • Department of Biology and Pharmaceutical Botany, Medical University of Lodz, ul.Muszynskiego 1, 90-151 Lodz, Poland
  • Department of Biology and Pharmaceutical Botany, Medical University of Lodz, ul.Muszynskiego 1, 90-151 Lodz, Poland
  • Department of Biology and Pharmaceutical Botany, Medical University of Lodz, ul.Muszynskiego 1, 90-151 Lodz, Poland
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