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2014 | 36 | 09 |
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Changes of epicuticular wax induced by enhanced UV-B radiation impact on gas exchange in Brassica napus

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Języki publikacji
The epicuticular wax covering on plant surface plays important roles in protecting plants against UV radiation. However, the role of epicuticular wax in affecting leaf gas exchange under enhanced ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation remains obscure. In the present study, different aged leaves of Brassica napus were used to analyze the responses of crystal structure and chemical constituents of epicuticular wax to UV-B radiation and the effects of such responses on gas exchange indices. Enhanced UV-B radiation significantly decreased the amount of esters in all leaves except the first leaf, amount of secondary alcohols in the second, third and fourth leaves, and amount of primary alcohols in the second and third leaves, while increased the amounts of ketones and aldehydes in the first leaf. Enhanced UV-B level had no significant effect on the amounts of alkanes and total wax in all leaves. Exposure to UV-B radiation resulted in wax fusion on adaxial leaf and stomata opening on abaxial leaf. Fusions of plates and rods on adaxial leaf surface covered most of the stomata, thereby influencing the photosynthesis in the upper mesophyll of leaves. Enhanced UV-B level significantly reduced the net photosynthesis rate (PN) but increased the stomata conductance (gₛ), concentrations of intercellular CO₂ (Cᵢ), and transpiration rate (E) in all leaves. Both UV-B radiation and the wax fusion induced by enhanced UV-B radiation resulted in different stomata status on abaxial and adaxial leaf surface, causing decrease of PN, and increase of gₛ, Cᵢ and E in leaves.
Opis fizyczny
  • College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, Southwest University, 400716 Chongqing, China
  • College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, Southwest University, 400716 Chongqing, China
  • College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, Southwest University, 400716 Chongqing, China
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