Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 28 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Effect of irrigation and nutrient on physical properties of safflower seeds

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The effect of irrigation and nutrient treatments on physical properties of safflower seeds was investigated. Physical properties of safflower seeds were determined at a moisture content of 7% w.b. The parameters determined at different treatments were: size, geometric mean diameter, sphericity, surface area, mass, volume, bulk and true densities, porosity, and static and dynamic coefficient of friction. The results showed a better effect of the use of organic fertilizers in comparison with chemical ones. The results showed that nutrient and irrigation treatments had a significant effect on most of the physical properties of safflower seeds at p<0.01.
Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Agricultural Machinery, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
  • Department of Agricultural Machinery, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
  • Department of Agricultural Machinery, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
  • Abbott L.K. and Murphy D.V., 2007. Soil Biological Fertility. A key to Sustainable Land Use in Agriculture. Soil Sci. Springer Press, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
  • Alexandratos N., 2003. World agriculture: towards 2015-30. Proc. Congr. Global Food Security and Role of Sustainable Fertilization, March 26-28, Rome, Italy.
  • AOAC, 1980. Association of the official analytical chemists, method 14.003. In: Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of the Official Analytical Chemists (Ed. W. Howitz). Washington, DC, USA.
  • Ashrafi E. and Razmjoo K., 2010. Effect of irrigation regimes on oil content and composition of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) cultivars. J. Am. Oil Chem Soc., 87, 499-506.
  • Bagherpour H., Minaei S., and Khoshtaghaza M.H., 2010. Selected physico-mechanical properties of lentil seed. Int. Agrophys., 24, 81-84.
  • Baumler E., Cuniberti A., Nolasco S.M., and Riccobene I.C., 2006.Moisture de-pendent physical and compression properties of safflower seed. J. Food Eng., 72, 134-140.
  • Black C.A., 2003. Soil Fertility Evaluation and Control. Lewis Press, London, UK.
  • Bulluck L., Brosius M., Evanylo G., and Kristaino J.B., 2002. Organic and synthetic fertility amendments influence soil microbial, physical and chemical properties on organic conventional farms. Appl. Soil Ecol., 19, 147-160.
  • Chandrasekar B.R., Ambrose G., and Jayabalan N., 2005. Influence of biofertilizers and nitrogen source level on the growth and yield of Echinochloa frumentacea (Roxb) Link. J. Agric. Techn., 1(2), 223-234.
  • Chen J., 2006. The combined use of chemical and organic fertilizers and/or biofertilizer for crop growth and soil fertility. Proc. Int. Workshop Sustained Management of the Soil Rhizosphere System for Efficient Crop Production and Fertilizer Use. October 16-20, Bangkok, Thailand.
  • Dajule L. and Mündel H.H., 1996. Safflower Carthamus tinctorius L. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben, International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy.
  • Davies R.M. and El-Okene A.M., 2009.Moisture-dependent physical properties of soybeans. Int. Agrophys., 23, 299-303.
  • Dutta S.K., NemaV.K., and Bhardwaj R.K., 1988. Physical properties of gram. J. Agric. Eng. Res., 39, 259-268.
  • FAO, 2010. Available at ( Garnayak D.K., Pradhan R.C., Naik S.N., and Bhatnagar N., 2008. Moisture-dependent physical properties of jatropha seed (Jatropha curcas L.). Industrial Crops Products, 27, 123-129.
  • Gilik B.R., Penrose D., and Wenbo M., 2001. Bacterial promotion of plant growth. Biotec. Advan, 19, 135-138.
  • Gupta R.K., Arora G., and Sharma R., 2007. Aerodynamic properties of sunflower seed (Helianthus annuus L.). J. Food Eng., 79, 899-904.
  • Istanbulluoglu A., Gocmen E.,Gezer E., Pasa C., and Konukcu F., 2009 . Effects of water stress at different development stages on yield and water productivity of winter and summer safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Agric. Water Manag., 96, 1429-1434.
  • Karaj S. and Muller J., 2010. Determination of physical, mechanical and chemical properties of seeds and kernels of Jatropha curcas L. Industrial Crops Products, 32, 129-138.
  • Kibar H. and Ozturk T., 2009. The effect of moisture content on the physico-mechanical properties of some hazelnut varieties. J. Stored Products Res., 45, 14-18.
  • Mohsenin N.N., 1970. Physical properties of plant and animal materials. Gordon Breach Sci. Press, New York, USA.
  • Ogunsina B.S., Koya O.A., and Adeosun O.O., 2008. Deformation and fracture of dika nut under uni-axial compressive load. Int. Agrophysics, 22, 249-253.
  • Omobuwajo T.O., Sanni L.A., and Balami Y.A., 2000. Physical properties of sorrel (Hibiscus sabdariffa) seeds. J. Food Eng., 45, 37-41.
  • Rajendran K. and Devarj P., 2004. Biomass and nutrient distribution and their return of Casuarina equisetifolia inoculated with biofertilizers in farm land. Biom. Bioen., 26, 235-249.
  • Roy R.N., Finck A., Blair G. J., and Tandon H.L.S., 2006. Plant nutrition for food security. Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition. FAO Press, Rome, Italy.
  • Vessey J.K., 2003. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as biofertilizer. Plant Soil, 255, 571-586.
  • Weiss EA., 2000. Safflower. In: Oilseed Crops. Blackwell Press, London, UK.
  • Zhiguo Li, Pingping Li, and Jizhan Liu, 2011. Physical and mechanical properties of tomato fruits as related to robot's harvesting. J. Food Eng., 103, 170-178.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.