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2014 | 13 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Arbuscular mycorrhizal Glomus versiforme induced bioprotection of apple tree against scar skin disease

Warianty tytułu
PL
Bioochrona drzew jabłoni wywołana mikoryzą abuskularną Glomus versiforme przed bliznowatością
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Apple scar skin viroid (ASSVd) is a serious pathogen of apple fruits that results in severe loss in apple production. Up to nowadays, many ASSVd management options are applied to resist the disease, but the diserable resulits are not achieved. Therefore, this study was conducted in 2010–2012 at experimental field of Penglai City, Shandong Province, China (E 120°57’22’’, N 370°38’33’’) to investigate whether arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) Glomus versiforme protects Red Fuji apple trees (Malus × domestica Borkh) against apple scar skin viroid. Red Fuji apple trees were inoculated with Glomus versiforme and then potential protection mechanism was explored and compared to noninoculated plants. The results showed that inoculation with Glomus versiforme significantly increased root length colonization rate and clearly decreased the percentage of disease severity of apple scar skin disease. Compared to non-inoculated plants, Glomus versiforme obviously enhanced total nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in leaves. Root colonization by Glomus versiforme induced an increase in defense-related enzyme activities in fruits, such as the enhanced activities of catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, chitinase and glucanase. Significant differences in acid content of fruit and fruit yield were observed as apple roots were colonized by Glomus versiforme. It is therefore concluded that Glomus versiforme can be regarded as a biocontrol agent to protect apple trees against the infection with ASSVd.
PL
Wiroid bliznowatości skórki jabłek (ASSVd) jest poważnym patogenem jabłek powodującym znaczne straty w ich produkcji. Obecnie stosuje się wiele opcji kontrolowania ASSVd w celu uzyskania odporności na chorobę, ale nie osiągnięto jeszcze pożądanych rezultatów. Niniejsze badanie przeprowadzono w latach 2010–2012 na polu doświadczalnym miasta Penglai, prowincja Shandong w Chinach (E 120°57’22”, N 370°38’33”) w celu zbadania, czy mikoryza abuskularna (AM) Glomus versiforme chroni jabłonie Red Fuji (Malus × domestica Borkh) przed wiroidem bliznowatości skórki jabłek. Jabłonie Red Fuji zaszczepiono Glomus versiforme a następnie badano mechanizm potencjalnej ochrony oraz porównano go z roślinami nieszczepionymi. Wykazano, że inokulacja Glomus versiforme istotnie zwiększyła szybkość kolonizacji korzeni oraz wyrażnie zmniejszyła procent ostrej choroby bliznowatości skórki jabłek. W porównaniu z roślinami nieszczepionymi, Glomus versiforme wyrażnie wzmagał stężenia całkowitego azotu i fosforu w liściach. Kolonizacja korzeni przez Glomus versiforme powodowała wzrost aktywności enzymatycznej związanej z mechanizmem obronnym, np. wzmożoną aktywność katalazy, peroksydazy askorbinianowej, chitynazy oraz glukanazy. Zaobserwowano istotne różnice w zawartości kwasów oraz plonie owoców w miarę kolonizowania korzeni jabłoni przez Glomus versiforme. Można więc wyciągnąć wniosek, że Glomus versiforme może być uważany za czynnik bio-kontroli chroniący jabłonie przed zakażeniem ASSVd.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
13
Numer
5
Opis fizyczny
p.13-24,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Yantai Institute, China Agricultural University, 264670, Yantai, Shandong Province, P.R.China
autor
  • Yantai Institute, China Agricultural University, 264670, Yantai, Shandong Province, P.R.China
autor
  • Yantai Institute, China Agricultural University, 264670, Yantai, Shandong Province, P.R.China
autor
  • Yantai Institute, China Agricultural University, 264670, Yantai, Shandong Province, P.R.China
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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