PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2011 | 20 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Benzo(a)pyrene emissions in cities of the Upper Silesia industrial area in Southern Poland: 1980-2005

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of our study was to evaluate the levels of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) in the atmosphere in administrative units of the Upper Silesia Industrial Area, and to analyze their changes in the period 1980-2005. We calculated the average annual concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene for the administrative units of Katowice, Bytom, Dąbrowa Gornicza, and Ruda Śląska. Join point regression analysis was used to evaluate time trends of BaP pollution levels. The obtained values of BaP concentrations indicate that the allowable average annual concentration of the compound was significantly exceeded. The highest concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene were recorded in Bytom and Ruda Śląska. Favorable decreasing trends have occurred in all administrative units. The trend persisted until the end of the studied period (excluding Dąbrowa Gornicza). Nevertheless, in 2005 the annual average concentration of BaP still exceeded the Polish norm of 1 ng/m³.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
20
Numer
5
Opis fizyczny
p.1251-1258,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Hygiene, Bioanalysis and Environmental Studies, School of Pharmacy, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Kasztanowa 3A, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
  • Department of Hygiene, Bioanalysis and Environmental Studies, School of Pharmacy, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Kasztanowa 3A, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
autor
  • Department of Hygiene, Bioanalysis and Environmental Studies, School of Pharmacy, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Kasztanowa 3A, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
autor
  • Department of Cancer Epidemiology, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center and Institute of Oncology,
  • Department of Hygiene, Bioanalysis and Environmental Studies, School of Pharmacy, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Kasztanowa 3A, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
autor
  • Department of Heating, Ventilation and Dust Removal Technology, Faculty of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, Konarskiego 18, 44-101 Gliwice, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Silesia, 2000 Silesia, Silesian voivodeship regional information portal Available at: http://www.silesia2000.pl/ (2000) [accessed 9 April 2005].
  • 2. MOŹDZIERZ A., JUSZKO-PIEKUT M., KOŁOSZA Z., STOJKO J., OLCZYK D., MORAWIEC T. A comparative study of certain pollutant concentrations in the former Katowice voivodeship (1991-1998 and 1983-1990). Pol J Environ Stud. 16, (5C, Pt.2), 399, 2007.
  • 3. Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Humans. Vol. 34. Polynuclear Aromatic Compounds. Part 3. Industrial Exposure in Aluminium Production, Coal Gasification Coke Production and Iron and Steel Founding. IARC, Lyon, 1989.
  • 4. ZASADOWSKI A., WYSOCKI A. Some toxicological aspects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) effects? Roczn PZH, 53, (1), 33, 2002.
  • 5. TANG D., KAPOTA L., KAPOTA L., ZHOU Z., KAPOTA Y., CHEN Y. et al. Effects of prenatal exposure to coal-burning pollutants on children’s development in China. Environ Health Perspect., 116, (5), 674, 2008.
  • 6. HAN X., NAEHER LP. A review of traffic-related air pollution exposure assessment studies in the developing world. Environment International. 32, (1), 106, 2006.
  • 7. GRYNKIEWICZ-BYLINA B., RAKWIC B., PASTUSZKA J.S. Assessment of exposure to traffic-related aerosol and to particle-associated PAHs, in Gliwice, Upper Silesia, Poland. Pol J Environ Stud. 14, 117, 2005.
  • 8. ŚIŚOVIĆ A., BEŚLIĆ I., ŚEGA K., VADJIĆ V. PAH mass concentrations measured in PM10 particle fraction”. Environmental International. 34, 580, 2008.
  • 9. WHO Environmental Health Criteria 202. Selected nonheterocyclic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Genewa, 1998.
  • 10. NISBET ICT, LAGOY PK. Toxic (TEFs) for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Reg Toxicol Pharmacol. 16, 290, 1992.
  • 11. JUSZKO-PIEKUT M., KOŁOSZA Z., MOŹDZIERZ A. The influence of selected environmental factors on lung cancer incidence in immigrant population of industrial areas. Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 13, (II, Pt I), 181, 2004.
  • 12. JAROSIŃSKA D., BIESIADA M., MUSZYŃSKAGRACA M. Environmental burden of disease due to lead in urban children from Silesia, Poland. Sci Total Environ. 367, (1), 71, 2006.
  • 13. WIOŚ (Voivodship Inspectorates for Environmental Protection), http://www.gios.gov.pl/
  • 14. Method of sanitary investigation of air the atmospheric. III. Marking the benzo - and - the piren and different aromatic multiringed hydrocarbons in dusts of atmospheric air. Publish Methodical PZH. 1/16, 8, 1966 [In Polish].
  • 15. KIM H.J., FAY M.P., FEUER E.J., MIDTHUNE D.N. Permutation tests for joinpoint regression with applications to cancer rates. Stat. Med. 19, 335, 2000.
  • 16. Province Inspectorate of Protection of Environment in Katowice: The State of environment in Silesian province in 2005 year. BMŚ Katowice 2006 [In Polish].
  • 17. GAJDZIK B. The emission and the reduction of industrial dirts of air in Poland and the Silesian province. J. Ecol Health, 12, (3), 163, 2008 [In Polish].
  • 18. BUCZYŃSKA A., ROLECKI R., TARKOWSKI S. Industrial wastes and health hazards. Med. Pracy 50, (2), 179, 1999.
  • 19. LODOVICI M., VENTURINI M., MARINI E., GRECHI D., DOLARA P. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons air levels in Florence, Italy, and their correlation with other air pollutants. Chemosphere, 50, (3), 377, 2003.
  • 20. MENICHINI E., IACOVELLA N., MONFREDINI F., TURRIO-BALDASSARRI L. Atmospheric pollution by PAHs, PCDD/Fs and PCBs simultaneously collected at a regional background site in central Italy and an urban side in Rome. Chemosphere, 69, 422, 2007.
  • 21. ANGERER J., EWERS U., WILHELM M. Human biomonitoring: state of the art. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 210, (3-4), 201, 2007.
  • 22. MUSMECI L., BIANCHI F., CARERE M., CORI L. Environment and health in Gela (Sicily): present knowledge and prospects for future studies. Epidemiol Prev. 33, (3 Suppl 1), 7, 2009.
  • 23. Monographs on the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Humans Vol. 32. Polynuclear Aromatic Compounds. Part 1. Chemical, Environmental and Experimental Data, IARC, Lyon 1983.
  • 24. GAWLIK M., BILEK M. The possibilities of decrease of emission of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from anthropogenic sources. Med. Środ. 9, (1), 73, 2006 [In Polish].
  • 25. ROGULA-KOZŁOWSKA W., PASTUSZKA J.S., TALIK E. Influence of vehicular traffic on concentration and particie surface composition of PM10 and PM2.5 in Zabrze, Poland. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 17, (4), 359, 2008.
  • 26. KOZIELSKA B., ROGULA-KOZŁOWSKA W., PASTUSZKA J.S. Effect of road traficc on concetration of PM2.5, PM10 and PAHs in zones of high and low municipal emission. Polska Akademia Nauk, Komitet Inżynierii Środowiska, Monografie No. 58, Lublin, pp. 129-137, 2009.
  • 27. ĆWIKLAK K., PASTUSZKA J.S., ROGULAKOZŁOWSKA W. The influence of traffic on particulatematter polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the urban atmosphere of Zabrze, Poland. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 4, 579, 2009.
  • 28. SZCZEKLIK J. Metabolic polymorphisms and biomarkers of exposition to polycyclic hydrocarbons (PAH). Przeg. Lek. 62, (12), 1542, 2005.
  • 29. ABRAHAM J., CIECHANOWICZ-KUSZTAL R., DRUEKE M., JODŁOWSKA-OPYD G., KALLWEIT D., KEDER J., KULASZKA W, NOVAK J. Common Report on Air Quality in the Black Triangle Region 1999. ČHMU, WIOŚ, LFUG, UBA; 2000.
  • 30. ABRAHAM J., BERGER F., CIECHANOWICZ-KUSZTAL R., JODŁOWSKA-OPYD G., KALLWEIT D., KEDER J. et al. Joint report on air quality in the Tri – border region of the Czech Republic, Poland and Germany in 2004. ČHMU, WIOŚ, LFUG, UBA, 2005.
  • 31. KEITH V. Assessment of benzo[a]pyrene concentrations in the United Kingdom in the period 2003-2020. AEAT/ENV/R/1861, 2006. www.airquality.co.uk/
  • 32. Directive 2004/107/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 2004 relating to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air. Official Journal of the European Union L 23/3 of 26.1.2005. EU (European Union), 2005.
  • 33. MALISZEWSKA-KORDYBUCH B. Sources concentrations, fate and effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the environment. Part A: PAHs in air. Pol JEnviron Stud. 8, (3), 131, 1999.
  • 34. The average of air pollutions in Katowice province in 1998 year. WFOŚiGW, OBiKŚ, ŚWSSE, Katowice 1999 [In Polish].
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-a27f16d1-3aa8-4739-92ff-e81f4d9e9677
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.