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2019 | 78 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

The effect of prolonged formalin fixation on the staining characteristics of archival human brain tissue

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background: Neurodegenerative disorders include wide range of conditions, which affect millions of people worldwide. Unfortunately, they are incurable and irreversibly progressive. Immunohistochemical staining of paraffin-fixed tissues for both diagnostic and research purposes are widely used. However, large amount of brain tissues are fixed but little is known about whether they are suitable for retrospective studies. The study aimed at investigating the effects of prolonged formalin fixation time on immunohistochemical expression of some common neurodegenerative markers in archival brain specimens. Materials and methods: Twenty brain specimens were obtained from human cadavers in the Anatomy Department of King Abdulaziz University that were prefixed in 10% formalin. They were divided into two equal groups according to time of fixation: group 1 — less than 1 year, group 2 — up to 20 years. Histological examination of white and grey matter was done using haematoxylin and eosin, luxol fast blue (LFB) for myelin staining, Congo red for amyloid plaques, CD 68 for microglial cells, tenascin-C (large extracellular matrix glycoprotein) and caspase 3 antibody for apoptotic cells. Results: For both groups, corpus callosum sections displayed myelination with LFB staining. The distribution of CD 68 positive microglial cells was evident in frontal and temporal grey matter, but not in corpus callosum sections. Strongly positive masses were seen in Congo red-stained frontal and temporal sections. Anti-caspase 3 immunostaining revealed positively stained neurons. Conclusions: Histological and immunohistochemical techniques yielded reproducible staining results when applied to human brain tissue stored in formalin for long periods; so they can be used in well preserved biobank material which are the most targeting research areas in neuropathology. (Folia Morphol 2019; 78, 2: 230–236)
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
78
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.230–236,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80200, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
  • Neuroscience Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
autor
  • Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Neuroscience Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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