PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | 61 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Plasticity in dynamics and hygrochastic persistence in Anastatica hierochuntica (Brassicaceae) populations under simulated rainfall treatments

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Anastatica hierochuntica is a monocarpic desert annual whose dry skeletons, enclosing mature fruits, often persist for a number of years. The aerial seed bank in these hygrochastic ‘resurrection plants’ therefore persists too. Life tables and fecundity schedules were constructed for A. hierochuntica populations raised under four water treatments, equivalent to 100, 200, 500 and 1000 mm rainfall. Seedling survivorship showed a Deevey type III curve for 100 mm, and a type II curve for 200 mm, while 500 and 1000 mm treatments produced Deevey type I curves. Fewer seeds germinated and seedling survivorship was lower in the low water treatments. The stage-specific mortality rate reached 0.75 under the 100 mm treatment in the seed germination stage, compared to 0.08 under the 1000 mm treatment. Increased water availability resulted in greater plant growth and reproductive output, in terms of both number of seeds per individual and reproductive value. In field studies, aerial seed banks of small plant sizeclasses (from 1 to 32 cm³) were depleted within 3-to-7 years. For the large size-classes, > 32 cm³, only a portion (79.7-44.4%) of the seeds produced were dispersed during the observational experiment (the rest remaining within the tumbleweed ball, available for subsequent germination). The projected seed bank life-time for populations raised under different water treatments increased more than fivefold (from 3 to 17 years) for the 100 mm compared to the 1000 mm rainfall treatments. Local persistence of populations was thus likely to be reduced by water stress. Populations of A. hierochuntica characterized by weak plant growth and a preponderance of small size-classes will be more vulnerable to extinction due to their low reproductive output and reduced aerial seed bank reserve.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
61
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.493-504,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt
autor
  • Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt
autor
  • Department of Botany and Microbiology, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Department of Biological Sciences, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Kanada
Bibliografia
  • AlGamdi N., Mullen W., Crozier A. 2011 – Tea prepared from Anastatica hirerochuntica seeds contains a diversity of antioxidant flavonoids, chlorogenic acids and phenolic compounds – Phytochemistry, 72: 248–254.
  • Baskin J.M., Baskin C.C. 1974 – Germination and survival in a population of the winter annual Alyssum alyssoides – Can. J. Bot. 52: 2439–2445.
  • Baskin J.M., Baskin C.C. 1993 – Annual seed dormancy cycles in two desert winter annuals – J. Ecol. 81: 551–556.
  • Beatley J.C. 1974 – Phenological events and their environmental triggers in Mojave desert – Ecosyst. Ecol. 55: 856–863.
  • Beeftink W.G. 1985 – Population dynamics of annual Salicornia species in the tidal salt marches of the Oosterschelde, The Netherlands – Vegetatio 61: 127–137.
  • Cohen D. 1966 – Optimizing reproduction in a randomly variable environment – J. Theor. Biol. 12: 119–129.
  • Cook R. 1980 – The biology of seeds in the soil. (In: Demography and evolution in plant populations, Ed. O. T. Solbrig) – Blackwell Sci. Publ. pp: 107–129.
  • Danin A. 1983 – Desert vegetation of Israel and Sinai – Cana Publishing House, Jerusalem, 148 pp.
  • Deevey E.S. 1947 – Life tables for natural populations of animals – Quart. Rev. Biol. 22: 283–314.
  • Ellner S., Shmida A. 1981 – Why are adaptations for long-range seed dispersal rare in desert plants? – Oecologia, 51: 133–144.
  • Esler K.J., Cowling R.M., Ivey P. 1992 – Seed biology of three species of Mesembryanthemaceae in the southern Succulent Karoo – South Afr. J. Bot. 58: 343–348.
  • Evenari M. 1949 – Germination inhibitors – Bot. Rev. 15: 153–194.
  • Evenari M., Shanan L., Tadmor N. 1982 – The Negev. The challenge of a Desert. 2rd edition – Cambridge, M.A., Harvard Univ. Press, 345 pp.
  • Freas K.E., Kemp R.R. 1983 – Some relationships between environmental reliability and seed dormancy in desert annual plants – J. Ecol. 71: 211–217.
  • Friedman J., Gunderman N., Ellis M. 1978 – Water response of the hygrochastic skeletons of the true rose of Jericho (Anastatica hierochuntica L.) – Oecologia, 32: 289–301.
  • Friedman J., Stein Z. 1980 – The influence of seed-dispersal mechanisms on the dispersion of Anastatica hierochuntica (Cruciferae) in the Negev desert, Israel – J. Ecol. 68: 43–50.
  • Friedman J., Stein Z., Rushkin E. 1981 – Drought tolerance of germinating seeds and young seedlings of Anastatica hierochuntica L. – Oecologia, 51: 400–403.
  • Gutterman Y. 1972 – Delayed seed dispersal and rapid germination as survival mechanisms of the desert plant Blepharis persica (Burm.) Kuntze – Oecologia, 10: 145–150.
  • Gutterman Y. 1990 – Seed dispersal by rain (Ombrohydrochory) in some of the flowering desert plants in the deserts of Israel and the Sinai Peninsula – Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 22b: 841–852.
  • Gutterman Y. 1993 – Seed germination in desert plants (adaptation of desert organisms) – Springer-Verlag, Germany, 253 pp.
  • Gutterman Y. 1994 – Strategies of seed dispersal and germination in plants inhabiting deserts – Bot. Rev. 60: 373–425.
  • Gutterman Y. 2000 – Seed dormancy as one of the survival strategies in annual plant species occurring in deserts (In: Dormancy in Plants: From Whole Plant Behaviour to cellular control, Eds: J. D. Viémont, J. Crabbé) – University Press, Cambridge, U. K., pp: 139–159.
  • Gutterman Y., Ginott S. 1994 – Long-term protected ‘seed bank’ in dry inflorescences of Asteriscus pygmaeus achene dispersal mechanism and germination – J. Arid Environ. 26: 149–163.
  • Hammiche V., Maiza K. 2006 – Traditional medicine in Central Sahara: Pharmacopoeia of Tassili N’ajjer – J. Ethnopharm. 105: 358–367.
  • Harper J. L. 1977 – Population Biology of plants – Academic Press, London, 829 pp.
  • Hegazy A.K. 1990a – Population ecology and implications for conservation of Cleome droserifolia, a threatened xerophyte – J. Arid Environ. 19: 269–282.
  • Hegazy A.K. 1990b – Growth, phenology, competition and conservation of two desert hygrochastic annuals raised under different watering regimes – J. Arid Environ. 19: 85–94.
  • Hegazy A.K. 1992 – Age-specific survival, mortality and reproduction, and prospects for conservation of Limonium delicatulum – J. Appl. Ecol. 29: 549–557.
  • Hegazy A.K. 2001 – Reproductive diversity and survival of the potential annual Diplotaxis harra (Forssk.) Boiss (Brassicaceae) in Egypt – Ecography, 24: 403–412.
  • Hegazy A.K., Barakat H.N., Kabiel H.F. 2006 – Anatomical significance of the hygrochastic movement in Anastatica hierochuntica – Ann. Bot. 97: 47–55.
  • Hegazy A.K., Ismail S.M. 1992 – Autecology of the desert monocarpic Rumex cyprius as influenced by water treatment – Acta Oecol. 13: 193–202.
  • Hegazy A.K., Kabiel H.F. 2007 – Significance of microhabitat heterogeneity in the spatial pattern and size-class structure of Anastatica hierochuntica L. – Acta Oecol. 31: 332–342.
  • Hegazy A.K., Kabiel H.F. 2010 – Size-class structure and growth traits of Anastatica hierochuntica L. populations as rainfall indicators in arid lands – J. Adv. Res. 1: 331–340.
  • Hildebrand F. 1873 – Die Schleuderfrüchte und ihr im anatomischer Bau begründeter Mechanismus – Jahr. Wiss. Bot. 9: 235–276.
  • Kalisz S., McPeek M.A. 1993 – Extinction dynamics, population growth and seed banks. An example using an age-structured annual – Oecologia 95: 314–320.
  • Klemow K.M., Raynal D.J. 1981 – Population ecology of Melilotus alba in a limestone quarry – J. Ecol. 69: 33–44.
  • Klemow K.M., Raynal D.J. 1983 – Population biology of an annual plant in a temporary variable habitat – J. Ecol. 71: 691–703.
  • Leverich W.J., Levin D.A. 1979 – Age-specific survivorship and reproduction in Phlox drummondii – Amer. Natur. 113: 881–903.
  • Loria M., Noy-Meir I. 1979/80 – Dynamics of some annual populations in a desert loess plain – Israel J. Bot. 28: 211–225.
  • MacArthur R.H., Wilson E.O. 1967 – The Theory of Island Biogeography – Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.
  • Mack R.N., Pyke D.A. 1983 – The demography of Bromus tectorum: variation in time and space – J. Ecol. 71: 69–93.
  • Mayer A.M., Poljakoff-Mayber A. 1982 – The Germination of Seeds 3rd edition – Pergamon Press, Oxford.
  • Mott J.J., McComb A.J. 1975 – Role of photoperiode and temperature in controlling the phenology of three annual species from an arid region of Western Australia – J. Ecol. 60: 293–304.
  • Nakashima S., Matsuda H., Oda Y., Nakamura S., Xu F., Yoshikawa M. 2010 – Melanogenesis inhibitors from the desert plant Anastatica hierochuntica in B16 melanoma cells – Bioorg. Med. Chem. 18: 2337–2345.
  • Nel M. 1994 – Rare and interesting plants of the Namib Desert. 1. Seed-holding strategies – Veld. Flora, 80: 111–113.
  • Phillippi T. 1993 – Bet-hedging germination of desert annuals: variation among populations and maternal effects in Lepidium lasiocarpum – Amer. Nat. 142: 488–507.
  • Pielou E.C. 1977 – Mathematical Ecology – John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA.
  • Sharitz R.R., McCormick J.F. 1975 – Population dynamics of two competing annual plant species – Ecology, 54: 723–740.
  • Silvertown J.W., Lovett-Doust J. 1993 – Introduction to plant population biology – Blackwell Scientific Publications, UK, 202 pp.
  • Steinbrinck C., Schinz H. 1908 – Uber die anatomische ursache der hygrochastischen bewegungen der sog Jerichorosen U.S.W – Flora, 98: 471–500.
  • Steyn H.M., van Rooyen N., van Rooyen M.W., Theron G.K. 1996 – The phenology of Namaqualand ephemeral species. The effect of water stress – J. Arid Environ. 33: 49–62.
  • Symonides E. 1974 – Populations of Spergula vernalis Willd. on dunes in the Torun Basin – Ekol. Pol. 22: 379–416.
  • Symonides E. 1983 – Population size regulation as a result of intra-population interactions. II. Effect of density on the growth rate, morphological diversity and fecundity of Erophila verna (L.) C. A. M. individuals – Ekol. Pol. 31: 883–912.
  • Symonides E. 1988 – On the ecology and evolution of annual plants in disturbed environments – Vegetatio, 77: 21–31.
  • Van Oudtshoorn R.K., Van Rooyen M.W. 1999 – Dispersal Biology of Desert Plants – Springer-Verlag, Germany, 241 pp.
  • Werner P.A. 1975 – Prediction of the fate from rosette size in teasel (Dipsacus fullonum L.) – Oecologia, 20: 197–201.
  • Werner P.A., Caswell H. 1977 – Population growth rate and age vs. stage-distribution models for teasel (Dipsacus sylvestris Huds.) – Ecology, 58: 1103–1111.
  • Yeaton R.I., Esler K.J. 1990 – The dynamics of a succulent Karoo vegetation: a study of species association and recruitment – Vegetatio, 88: 103–113.
  • Zohary M., Fahn A. 1941 – Anatomical-carpological observations in some hygrochastic plants of the oriental flora – Palest. J. Bot. 2: 125–131.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-a0cbb0b0-2103-49ce-b63b-118885efc883
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.