PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2019 | 28 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Life cycle assessment of waste-to-energy: energy recovery from wood waste in Malaysia

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This paper presents life cycle assessment for a biomass-fired power plant that utilizes recycled wood waste as fuel. Life cycle analysis of the wood WtE plant was done using SimaPro software using an Ecoinvent 3.4 database and ReCiPe Midpoint impact assessment method. The main concern was given to climate change factor through the evaluation of GHG emissions of the wood WtE plant. The results showed that 31.9 g CO2 eq of GHG emissions are emitted for every kWh of electricity generated by the wood WtE plant. The emissions value was 96.1% lower than the electricity generated by the national grid, which is 820 g CO2 eq of GHG emissions. In conclusion, WtE emerged as a sustainable approach in disposing of solid waste while reducing GHG emissions and increasing the share of renewable energy in energy mix simultaneously. A scenario was created to show the relationship between the percentage of carbon emissions reduction that is in line with Malaysia’s commitment to reduce GHG emissions by up to 45% by 2030, hence making the utilization of biomass and solid waste a reliable source of renewable energy as targeted by SEDA Malaysia.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
28
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.2593-2602,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
autor
  • Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
autor
  • Institute of Ocean and Earth Science, Institute of Graduate Studies, University Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
autor
  • Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Bibliografia
  • 1. Solid Waste Management Transformation Initiatives: Malaysian Achievements. Available online: http://nehapmalaysia.moh.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Paper-2-Solid-Waste.pdf (accessed on 1st March 2018).
  • 2. NATIONAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT. Survey on SW Composition, Characteristics & Existing Practice of SW Recycling in Malaysia. Ministry of Urban Wellbeing, Housing and Local Government: Putrajaya, Malaysia, 2013.
  • 3. TOSIN O.S., SOLA A., AISHA K. State-level Assessment of the Waste-to-Energy Potential (via Incineration) of Municipal Solid Wastes in Nigeria. Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 164, 804, 2017.
  • 4. MUNISH K.C., KWOK G., JACKSON R.B., PRATSON L.F. The Potential of Waste-To-Energy in Reducing GHG Emissions. Carbon Management, 3 (2), 133, 2014.
  • 5. WANG Y., YAN Y., CHEN G., ZUO P., YIN P. Effectiveness of Waste-To-Energy Approaches in China: From the Perspective of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction. Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 163, 99, 2017.
  • 6. PAN S.Y., DU M.A., HUANG I.T., LIU I.H., CHANG E.E., CHIANG P.C. Strategies on Implementation of Waste-To-Energy (WTE) Supply Chain for Circular Economy System: A review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 108 (Part A), 409, 2015.
  • 7. ENERGY COMMISSION MALAYSIA. Malaysia Energy Statistics Handbook 2016. Malaysia Energy Commission: Putrajaya, Malaysia, 2016.
  • 8. OUDA O.K.M., RAZA S.A., NIZAMI A.S., REHAN M., AL-WAKED R., KORRES N.E. Waste-To-Energy Potential: A Case Study of Saudi Arabia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 61, 328, 2017.
  • 9. OUDA O.K.M., CEKIRGE H.M., RAZA S.A. An Assessment of the Potential Contribution from Waste-To-Energy Facilities to Electricity Demand in Saudi Arabia. Energy Conversion and Management, 75, 402, 2013.
  • 10. MINISTRY OF ENERGY, GREEN TECHNOLOGY AND WATER. Handbook on the Malaysian Feed-in-Tariff for the Promotion of Renewable Energy. Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water: Putrajaya, Malaysia, 2011.
  • 11. AZMAN A.Y., RAHMAN A.A., RAHMAN, BAKAR N.A., HANAFFI F., KHAMIS A. Study of Renewable Energy Potential in Malaysia. Proceedings of 1st Conference on Clean Energy and Technology (CET), 170, 2011.
  • 12. MALEK S. Waste-to-Energy in Eastern and South Eastern Europe. Ed. Karagiannidis A. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York: New York, 2012.
  • 13. DZIKUĆ M, PIWOWAR A. Life Cycle Assessment As An Eco-Management Tool within the Power Industry. Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 24 (6), 2381, 2015.
  • 14. 14. ZHOU Z.Z., TANG Y.J., YONG C., NI M.J., BUEKENS A. Waste-To-Energy: A Review of Life Cycle Assessment and Its Extension Methods. Waste Management & Research, 1-14, 2017.
  • 15. ONN C.C., NURUOL S., YUEN C.W., LOO S.C., SUHANA K., AHMAD F.R., MOHAMED R.K., SUMIANI Y. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Associated with Electric Vehicle Charging: The Impact of Electricity Generation Mix in A Developing Country. Transportation Research, Part D, 2017.
  • 16. Malaysia Pledges to Cut CO2 Emissions Intensity by 45% by 2030. Available online: http://www.channelnewsasia.com (accessed on 18th December 2017).
  • 17. IPCC WORKING GROUP III. Mitigation of Climate Change, Annex III: Technology - Specific Cost and Performance Parameters. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: German, 2014.
  • 18. WORLD NUCLEAR ASSOCIATION. Comparison of Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Various Electricity Generation Sources. World Nuclear Association: London, UK, 2010.
  • 19. SOVACOOL B.K. Valuing the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Nuclear Power: A Critical Survey. Energy Policy, 36 (8), 2950, 2008.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-a0aa75ae-be47-4b1b-a4d1-9882fbfa4273
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.