Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 29 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Effects of rain intensity and initial soil moisture on hydrological responses in laboratory conditions

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Although the possibility of measuring and analysing all parts of the rainfall, infiltration, runoff, and erosion process as a natural hydrologic cycle in field conditions is still one of the more unattainable goals in the hydrological sciences, it can be accomplished in laboratory conditions as a way to understand the whole process. The initial moisture content is one of the most effective factors on soil infiltration, runoff, and erosion responses. The present research was conducted on a 2 m2 laboratory plot at a slope of 9% on a typical sandy-loam soil. The effects of the initial soil moisture content on the infiltration, runoff, and erosion processes were studied at four levels of initial soil moisture content (12, 25, 33, and 40 volumetric percentage) and two rainfall intensities (60 and 120 mm h-1). The results showed a significant (p ≤ 0.05) correlation between rainfall intensity and downstream splash, with r = 0.87. The results reflected the theory of hydrological responses, showing significant (p ≤ 0.05) correlations with r =-0.93, 0.98, -0.83, 0.88, and 0.73 between the initial soil moisture content and the time-to-runoff, runoff coefficient, drainage as a part of the infiltrated water, downstream splash, and total outflow sediment, respectively.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Watershed Management Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), P.O.Box 46414-356, Noor 46417-76489, Iran
  • Department of Water Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Watershed Management Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), P.O.Box 46414-356, Noor 46417-76489, Iran
  • Department of Watershed Management, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, P.O.Box 578, Sari, Iran
  • Department of Water Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
  • Abudi I., Carmi G., and Berliner P., 2012. Rainfall simulator for field runoff studies. J. Hydrol., 454-455, 76-81.
  • Agassi M. and Bradford J.M., 1999. Methodologies for interrill soil erosion studies. Soil Till. Res., 49, 277-287.
  • Armfield, 1998. Advanced Hydrology System S12 MkII – Instruction. Armfield Ltd., Ringwood, UK.
  • Banasik K., Gorski D., and Mitchell J.K., 2001. Rainfall erosi-vity for east and central Poland. Proc. Int. Symp. Soil Erosion Research for the 21st Century. January 3-5, Honolulu, HI, USA.
  • Banasik K., Gorski D., Popek Z., and Hejduk L., 2012. Estimating the annual sediment yield of a small agricultural catchment in central Poland. In: Erosion and Sediment Yields in the Changing Environment (Eds A.E. Collins, V. Golosov, A.J. Horowitz, X. Lu, M. Stone, D.E. Walling, and X. Zhang). IAHS Press, Wallingford, UK.
  • Bashari M., Moradi H.R., Kheirkhah M.M., and Jafari- Khaledi M., 2013. Temporal variations of runoff and sediment in different soil clay contents using simulated conditions. Soil Water Res., 8(3), 124-132.
  • Battany M.C. and Grismer M.E., 2000. Development of a portable field rainfall simulator for use in hillside vineyard runoff and erosion studies. Hydrological Proc., 14, 1119-1129.
  • Boomer K.B., Weller D.E., and Jordan T.E., 2008. Empirical models based on the universal soil loss equation fail to predict sediment discharges from chesapeake bay catchments. J. Environ. Qual., 37, 79-89.
  • Castillo V.M., Gomez-Plaza A., and Martinez-Mena M., 2003. The role of antecedent soil water content in the runoff response of semiarid catchments: A simulation approach. J. Hydrol., 284, 114-130.
  • Darboux F., Davy P.H., Gascuel-Odoux C., and Huang C., 2001. Evolution of soil surface roughness and flowpath connectivity in overland flow experiments. Catena, 46, 125-139.
  • Defersha M.B. and Mellese A.M., 2012. Effect of rainfall intensity, slope and antecedent moisture content on sediment con-centration and sediment enrichment ratio. Catena, 90, 47-52.
  • Defersha M.B., Quraishi S., and Mellese A.M., 2011. The effect of slope steepness and antecedent moisture content on interrill erosion, runoff and sediment size distribution in the highlands of Ethiopia. Hydrology Earth System Sci., 15, 2367-2375.
  • Fox D.M. and Bryan R.B., 1999. The relationship of soil loss by interrill erosion to slope gradient. Catena, 38, 211-222.
  • Gholami L., Sadeghi S.H.R., and Homaee M., 2013. Straw mul-ching effect on splash erosion, runoff, and sediment yield from eroded plots. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 77, 268-278.
  • Hawke R.M., Price A.G., and Bryan R.B., 2006. The effect of initial soil water content and rainfall intensity on near-surface soil hydrologic conductivity: A laboratory investigation. Catena, 65, 237-246.
  • Hejduk L., Hejduk A., and Banasik K., 2006. Suspended sediment transport during rainfall and snowmelt-rainfall floods in a small lowland catchment, central Poland. In: Soil Erosion and Sediment Redistribution in River Catchments (Eds P.N. Owens, A.J. Collins), CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK.
  • Khaledi Darvishan A., Sadeghi S.H.R., Homaee M., and Arabkhedri M., 2014. Measuring sheet erosion using synthetic color-contrast aggregates. Hydrol. Proc., 28(15), 4463-4471.
  • Kovar P., Vassova D., and Janecek M., 2012. Surface runoff simulation to mitigate the impact of soil erosion, case study of Trebsin (Czech Republic). Soil Water Res., 7, 85-96.
  • Krajewski A., Lee H., Hejduk L., and Banasik K., 2014. Predicting small catchment responses to heavy rainfalls with SEGMO and two sets of model parameters. Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Land Reclamation, 46(3), 205-220.
  • Kukal S.S. and Sarkar M., 2010. Splash erosion and infiltration in relation to mulching and polyviny1 alcohol application in semi-arid tropics. Archives Agron. Soil Sci., 56(6), 697-705.
  • Kukal S.S. and Srakar M., 2011. Laboratory simulation studies on splash erosion and crusting in relation to surface roughness and raindrop size. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 59(1), 87-93.
  • Luk S.H., 1985. Effect of antecedent soil moisture content on rainwash erosion. Catena, 12, 129-139.
  • Luk S.H. and Hamilton H., 1986. Experimental effects of antecedent moisture and soil strength on rainwash erosion of two luvisols, Ontario. Geoderma, 37(1), 29-43.
  • Madeyski M. and Banasik K., 1989. Applicability of the modified universal soil loss equation in small Carpathian watersheds. Catena, 75-80.
  • Morgan R.P.C., 1978. Field studies of rainsplash erosion. Earth Surface Proc. Landforms, 3, 295-299.
  • Nanko K., Mizugaki S., and Onda Y., 2008. Estimation of soil splash detachment rates on the forest floor of an unmanaged Japanese cypress plantation based on field measurements of throughfall drop sizes and velocities. Catena, 72, 348-361.
  • Rejman J., Brodowski R., and Iglik I., 2008. Annual variations of soil erodibility of silt loam developed from loess based on 10-years runoff plot studies. Annals Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Land Reclamation, 39, 77-83.
  • Rejman J., Usowicz B., and Dębicki R., 1999. Source of errors in predicting soil erodibility with the USLE. Polish J. Soil Sci., 32, 13-22.
  • Sadeghi S.H.R., Mizuyama T., Miyata S., Gomi T., Kosugi K., Fukushima T., Mizugaki S., and Onda Y., 2008. Determinant factors of sediment graphs and rating loops in a reforested watershed. J. Hydrol., 356, 271-282.
  • Seeger M., 2007. Uncertainty of factors determining runoff and erosion processes as quantified by rainfall simulations. Catena, 71, 56-67.
  • SPSS Inc. Released, 2009. PASW Statistics for Windows, Version 18.0. Chicago: SPSS Inc., USA.
  • Vahabi J. and Mahdian M.H., 2009. Investigating the effect of edaphic parameters on runoff using a rainfall simulator (in Persian). Watershed Manag. Res., 83, 10-20.
  • Walling D.E., Collins A.L., Sichingabula H.A., and Leeks G.J.L., 2001. Integrated assessment of catchment suspen-ded sediment budgets: A Zambian example. Land Degrad. Dev., 12, 387-415.
  • Watung R.L., Sutherland R.A., and El-Swaify S.A., 1996. Influence of rainfall energy flux density and antecedent soil moisture content on splash transport and aggregate enrichment ratios for a Hawaiian oxisol. Soil Technol., 9, 25l-272.
  • Wischmeier W.H. and Smith D.D., 1978. Predicting rainfall erosion losses. A guide to conservation planning. Agriculture Handbook. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, USA.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.