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2009 | 31 | 2 |
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Comparison of the effects of NaCl and KCl at the roots on seedling growth, cell death and the size, frequency and secretion rate of salt glands in leaves of Limonium sinense

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Twenty days’ exposure to 50 or 100 mM NaCl in the rooting medium substantially increased fresh and dry weights of seedling shoots of the recretohalophyte Limonium sinense while 200 or 300 mM were increasingly inhibitory. KCl treatment was only slightly stimulating (50 mM) or strongly inhibitory (100–300 mM). Lesser effects on leaf area were also seen. Diameter of foliar salt glands was significantly larger than that of controls in 100 and 200 mM NaCl with the effect being reversed at higher concentrations. Gland enlargement was also observed in the presence of 100 mM KCl, while larger concentrations reduced gland size. Generally, gland diameter was larger in the presence of NaCl than in KCl. NaCl and KCl also increased gland number per leaf and secretion rate per gland. At 100 and 200 mM NaCl or KCl, Na⁺ secretion per leaf from NaCl-treated plants exceeded K⁺ secretion rate from KCl-treated plants while at 200 mM, Na⁺ secretion per gland was significantly higher for Na⁺ than for K⁺. Evidence of cell death in leaves of salt-treated plants using Evans blue staining indicates that release of cell contents through loss of membrane integrity contributed to the secretion values. We conclude that the greater tolerance of L. sinenseto to NaCl compared to KCl is linked to the more effective secretion of Na⁺ than of K⁺ and, in turn, to a greater stimulation of salt gland formation and activity and larger gland diameter.
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  • College of Life Science, Shandong Normal University, 250014 Jinan, People's Republic of China
  • College of Life Science, Shandong Normal University, 250014 Jinan, People's Republic of China
  • College of Life Science, Shandong Normal University, 250014 Jinan, People's Republic of China
  • College of Life Science, Shandong Normal University, 250014 Jinan, People's Republic of China
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