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2013 | 58 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Fast and efficient DNA-based method for winter diet analysis from stools of three cervids: moose, red deer, and roe deer

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Effects of cervid browsing on timber production, especially during winter, lead to economic losses in forest management. The aim of this study was to present an efficient DNA-based method which allows qualitative assessment of the winter diet from stools of moose (Alces alces), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), and red deer (Cervus elaphus). The preliminary results of the diet composition of the three cervids from Poland were also presented with a special emphasis on moose. The electropherograms of the chloroplast intron trnL (UAA) P6 loop amplification products using g (fluorescence-labeled) and h primers revealed differences in the length of PCR products among various plant species eaten by these herbivores. In addition, the usage of species-specific primers allowed unambiguous identification of different gymnosperms and angiosperms. The preliminary moose diet analysis, based on winter fecal samples from the entire range of moose occurrence in Poland, revealed the presence of 15 to 24 tree, shrub, and herbaceous species. This fast, cost-efficient, and simple method proved also to be reliable for the diet analysis of red deer and roe deer. It may be a valuable tool in forest and conservation management, as well as a way of enhancing ecological studies focusing on the impact of herbivores on the ecosystems and their possible food niche overlap.
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Opis fizyczny
  • Institute of Biology, University of Bialystok, Swierkowa 20B, 15-950 Bialystok, Poland
  • Laboratoire d'Ecologie Alpine, CNRS, UMR 5553, Universite Joseph Fourier, 2233 Rue de la Piscine, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
  • Institute of Biology, University of Bialystok, Swierkowa 20B, 15-950 Bialystok, Poland
  • Institute of Biology, University of Bialystok, Swierkowa 20B, 15-950 Bialystok, Poland
  • Institute of Biology, University of Bialystok, Swierkowa 20B, 15-950 Bialystok, Poland
  • Institute of Biology, University of Bialystok, Swierkowa 20B, 15-950 Bialystok, Poland
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