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2011 | 56 | 2 |
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A new Chinese Mesozoic stick insect

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Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Renphasma sinica gen. et sp. nov. is described from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation in Liaoning. It has the general habitus of the Mesozoic “stick−insects”, with a short thorax, and broad and long tegmina, as long as the hindwings. Its pattern of tegmina venation is typical of the Mesozoic Phasmatodea, also present in the Eocene stick insect family Gallophasmatidae, viz. archaeorthopteran organisation of median and cubital veins. On the other side it has a vomer typical of modern Phasmatodea, both supporting the hypothesis that the Mesozoic, Cainozoic, and modern stick insects belong to the same clade. The pattern of dark and hyaline spots on the wings of Renphasma is probably related to mimicry with plants.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
56
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.429-432,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • CNRS UMR 7205, Entomologie, Museum National d’histoire Naturelle, CP 50, 45, rue Buffon, 75005 Paris, France
autor
Bibliografia
  • Birket−Smith, S.J.R. 1981. A wing of Phasmida from the Cretaceous period (Insecta). Entomologica Scandinavica 12: 245–249.
  • Bradler, S. 1999. The vomer of Timema Scudder, 1895 (Insecta: Phasmatodea) and its significance for phasmatodean phylogeny. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 215: 43–47.
  • Bradler, S. 2009. Die Phylogenie der Stab− und Gespenstschrecken (Insecta: Phasmatodea). Species, Phylogeny and Evolution 2: 3–139.
  • Delclòs, X., Nel, A., Azar, D., Bechly, G., Dunlop, J.A., Engel, M.S., and Heads, S.W. 2008. The enigmatic, Mesozoic family Chresmodidae (Polyneoptera: Archaeorthoptera): new palaeobiological and phylogenetic data, with the description of a new species from Brazil. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 247: 353–381.
  • Gorochov, A.V. [Gorohov, A.V.] 1988. On the classification of fossil orthopterans of the superfamily Phasmomimoidea (Orthoptera) with a description of new taxa [in Russian]. Trudy Zoologičeskogo Instituta Akademii nauk SSSR 178: 32–44.
  • Gorochov, A.V. 1994. Permian and Triassic walking sticks (Phasmatodea) from Eurasia. Paleontological Journal 28: 83–97.
  • Gorochov, A.V. 2000. Phasmomimidae: are they Orthoptera or Phasmatoptera? Paleontological Journal 34: 295–300.
  • Gorochov, A.V. and Rasnitsyn, A.P. 2002. Superorder Gryllidea Laicharting, 1781 (= Orthopteroidea Handlirsch, 1903). In: A.P. Rasnitsyn and D.L.J. Quicke (eds.), History of Insects, 293–304. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.
  • Kevan, D.K. and Wighton, D.C. 1981. Paleocene orthopteroids from South−Central Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 18: 1824–1837.
  • Kevan, D.K. and Wighton, D.C. 1983. Further observations on North American Tertiary orthopteroids (Insecta, Grylloptera). Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 20: 217–224.
  • Nel, A., Delfosse, E., Robillard, T., and Petrulevičius, J.F. 2010. An early winged crown group stick insect from the Early Eocene amber of France (Insecta, Phasmatodea). Systematic Entomology 35: 340–346.
  • Nel, A., Marchal−Papier, F., Béthoux, O., and Gall, J.−C. 2004. A “stick insect−like” from the Triassic of the Vosges (France) (Insecta: “pre−Tertiary Phasmatodea”). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (N.S.) 40: 31–36.
  • Ren, D. 1997. First record of fossil stick−insects from China with analyses of some paleobiological features (Phasmatodea: Hagiphasmatidae fam. nov.). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 22: 268–281.
  • Rice, H.M.A. 1969. An antlion (Neuroptera) and a stonefly (Plecoptera) of Cretaceous age from Labrador, Newfoundland. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 68−65: 1–11.
  • Tilgner, E. 2001. The fossil record of Phasmida (Insecta: Neoptera). Insect Systematics and Evolution 31: 473–480.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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