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Suspended PM10 particles in an urbanized coastal zone (Tricity, Agglomeration, Poland) - a possible source of PAHs gulf of Gdansk sediments

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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined by GC/MS in suspended airborne PM]0 particles collected at 4 sites in the Tricity agglomeration of northern Poland. This industrialized and densely populated area with distinctly seasonally variable weather conditions is located on the southern Baltic Sea coast. Daily concentrations of Ʃ12PAHs ranged from ~0.04 to ~60 ng/m³ in the samples analyzed. The levels of particulate PAHs showed distinct seasonal changes throughout the year, with higher concentrations in the heating season. The elevated PAH concentrations recorded during the heating season were most probably due to greater emissions of PAHs from heating systems, as well as meteorological factors that restrict the dispersion of these pollutants in the atmosphere and enhance their persistence. Benzo(a)pyrene was confirmed as being a good marker of total PAHs associated with PMI0 particles, and concentrations of this compound during the heating season often exceeded 1 ng/m³ - the threshold established in Directive 2004/107/EC. Mass concentrations of PM₁₀ particulate matter were not strongly correlated with PAH concentrations. Meteorological factors like temperature and wind speed strongly influence the distribution of particulate PAHs in the study area, but the former parameter is clearly linked to seasonal emission patterns. It has been found that atmospheric input is an important source of PAHs deposited in recent Gulf of Gdańsk sediments.
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Opis fizyczny
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