Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 03 |

Tytuł artykułu

Ameliorative effect of CaCl2 on growth, membrane permeability and nutrient uptake in Oryza sativa grown at high NaCl salinity

Treść / Zawartość

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



A pot culture was carried out with Oryza sativa L. vari-Co-39, to investigate the effects of supplementary calcium chloride on plants grown at NaCl (50mM) concentration. Treatments were: (1) Control: nutrient solution alone (C); (2) nutrient solution plus 50mM sodium chloride (NaCl); (3) nutrient solution plus 10mM calcium chloride (CaCl2); (4) nutrient solution plus 15mM calcium chloride (CaCl2); (5) nutrient solution and 50 mM NaCl plus supplementary 10 mM CaCl2 (NaCl + CaCl2); and (6) 50 mM NaCl plus additional mixture of 15 mM CaCl2 in nutrient solution (NaCl + CaCl2). The plants grown under salt stress produced low dry weight and relative water content than those grown in standard nutrient solution and in CaCl2 alone. Supplemental calcium chloride added to nutrient solution containing salt significantly improved growth and relative water content. Membrane permeability increased with high NaCl application and these increases in root membrane permeability were decreased with supplementary Ca. The concentration of chloride (Cl) increases highly for all treatments. Sodium (Na) concentration in plant tissues increased in both shoots and roots at high NaCl treatment. Application of supplementary Ca lowered Na concentration. Concentrations of Ca. K and N were at deficient ranges in the plants grown at high NaCl levels and these deficiencies were corrected by supplementary Ca. The ameliorating effect of Ca on growth and physiological variables could reduce the negative effect of salinity of Oryza sativa L., plants.






Opis fizyczny



  • Department of Botany (DDE), Annamalai University, Annamalainagar - 608 002, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Department of Botany (DDE), Annamalai University, Annamalainagar - 608 002, Tamil Nadu, India


  • [1] Amuthavalli, P., D. Anbu, and S. Sivsankaramoorthy. (2012). Effect of calcium chloride on growth and biochemical constituents of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), Int. J. Res. Bot., 2(3),9-12.
  • [2] Arshi, A., M.Z. Abdin and M. Iqbal, 2006. Sennoside content and yield attributes of Cassia angustifolia Vahl. as affected by NaCl and CaCl2. Sci. Hortic., 111: 84-90.
  • [3] Arshi, A., M.Z. Abdin and M. Iqbal, 2010. Calcium interaction with salinity-induced effects on growth and metabolism of soybean (Glycine max L.), cultivars. J. Envi. Biol., 31 (5): 795-801.
  • [4] Ashraf, M., N. Akhtar, 2004. Influence of salt stress on growth, ion accumulation and seed oil content in sweet fennel, Biol. Plant, 48 (3), 461-464.
  • [5] Ben Amor, N., K. Ben Hamed, A. Debez, Grignon and C. Abdelly, 2005. Physiological and antioxidant responses of the perennial halophyte Crithmum maritimum to salinity. Plant Sci., 168: 889–899.Busch, D.S., 1995. Calcium regulation in plant cell and his role in signaling, Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 46: 95-102.
  • [6] Cerda, A., Martinez, V., 1988. Nitrogen fertilization under saline conditions in tomato and cucumber plants. J. Hortic. Sci. 63, 451-458.
  • [7] Epstein, E. 1998. How calcium enhance plant salt tolerance, Science 40: 1906-1907.
  • [8] Hua, J.M., X. Wang, F. Zhai, F. Yan, K. Feng, 2008. Effects of NaCl and Ca2+ on membrane potential of Epidermal cells of maize roots, Agri. Sci in China., 7(3): 291-296.
  • [9] Kaya, C., H. Kirnak, D. Higgs and K. Saltali, 2002. Supplementary calcium enhances plant growth and fruit yield in strawberry cultivars grown at high (NaCl) salinity. Sci. Hortic., 93: 65-74.
  • [10] Koyro, H.W., 2006. Effect of salinity on growth, photosynthesis, water relations and solute composition of the potential cash crop halophyte Plantago coronopus (L.). Env. Exp. Bot., 56: 136-146.
  • [11] Levent, A., K. Cengiz, A. Muhammad, A. Hakan, Y. Ibrahim, Y. Bulent, 2007. The effects of calcium sulphate on growth, membrane stability and nutrient uptake of tomato plants grown under salt stress, Envi. Exp. Bot., 59: 173-178.
  • [12] Luttes, S., J.M. Kiner, J. Bouharmont, 1996. NaCl-induced senescence in leaves of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars differing in salinity resistance. Ann. Bot. 78: 389-398.
  • [13] Maathuis, F.J.M., A. Amtmann, 1999. K+ nutrition and N+ toxicity: the basis of cellular K+N+ ratios, Ann. Bot. 48: 123-133.
  • [14] Mansour, M.M.F., 2000. Nitrogen containing compounds and adaptation of plant to salinity stress. Biol. Plant, 43(4): 491-500.
  • [15] Mellgar, J.C., M. Benlloch and R. Fernandez-Escobar, 2006. Calcium increases sodium exclusion in olive plants. Sci. Horticul., 109: 303-305.
  • [16] Munns, R., 2002. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress, Plant Cell Env., 25: 239-250.
  • [17] Munns, R., 2005, Genes and salt tolerance: bringing then together, New Phytol. 167: 645-663.
  • [18] Murillo-Amador, B., H.G. Jones, C. Kaya, R.L. Aguilar, J.L. Garcia-Hemandez, E. Troyo-Dieguez, N.Y. Avila-serrano, E. Rueda-Puente, 2003. Effects of folia application of calcium nitrate on growth and physiological attributes of cowpea (Vigna unguiculara L. Walp.) grown under salt stress. Environ. Exp. Bot. 58: 188-196.
  • [19] Parida, A.K. and B. Das, 2005. Salt tolerance and salinity effects on plants: a review. Ecot. & Env. Safety, 60: 324-349.
  • [20] Qadir, M., S. Schubert, A. Ghafoor, G. Murtaza, 2001. Amelioration strategies for sodic soil: a review, Land Degrad. Dev. 12: 375-386.
  • [21] Ramoliya, P.J., H.M. Patel, A.N. Pandey, 2004. Effect of salinization of soil on growth and macro- and micro-nutrient accumulation in seedlings of Salvadora persica (Salvadoraceae), Forest Ecol. Manag. 202: 181-193.
  • [22] Renault, S., 2005. Response of red-oiser dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) seedlings to sodium sulphate salinity: effects of supplemental calcium. Physiol. Plantarum, 123: 75-81.
  • [23] Rengel, Z. 1992. The role of calcium in salt toxicity. Plant Cell Environ.15: 625-632.
  • [24] Ruiz, J.M., R.M. Rivero, P.C. Garcia, M. Baghour and L. Romero, 1999. Role of CaCl2 in nitrate assimilation in leaves and roots of tobacco plants (Nicotiana tabacum L.). Plant Sci., 141:107-115.
  • [25] Schactman, D., W. Liu, 1999. Molecular pieces to the puzzle of the interaction between potassium and sodium uptake in plants, Trends plant Sci, 4: 281-287.
  • [26] Shannon, M.C., 1998. Adaption of plants to salinity, Adv. Agron. 60: 75-119.
  • [27] Shen, Z., Shen, Q., Liang, Y., Liu, Y., 1994. Effect of nitrogen on the groth and photosynthetic activity of salt-stressed barley. J. Plant Nutr. 17, 787-789.
  • [28] Sibole, J.V., C. Cabot, C. Poschenrieder and J. Barcelo, 2003. Efficient leaf ion partitioning an overriding condition for abscissic acid-controlled stomata and leaf growth responses to NaCl salinization in two legumes. J. Exp. Bot., 54: 2111-2119.
  • [29] Sivasankaramoorthy, S., 2013. Effect of NaCl salinity on germination, growth and photosynthetic pigments of (Cajanus cajan.L) Int. J. Res. Plant. Sci. 3(4) 68-71
  • [30] Sivasankaramoorthy, S., 2013. Effect of salinity on sodium, potassium and proline content of Chickpea seedlings. Int .Res.J. Pharm., 4 (7) 147-150.
  • [31] Sivasankaramoorthy, S., 2013. Studies on the germination, growth and biochemical components of (Arachis hypogaea L.), Int. J. Res. Plant. Sci. 3(4) 64-67.
  • [32] Tanveerul, H., A. Javaid, N. Shafqat, A. Rashid, 2009. Morpho-Physiological response of rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties to salinity stress, Pak. J. Bot., 41(6): 2943-2956.
  • [33] Tester, M. and R. Davenport, 2003. Na+ tolerance and Na+ transport in higher plants. Ann. Bot., 91: 503–527.
  • [34] Tuna, A.T., C. Kaya, M. Ashraf, H. Altunlu, I. Yokas, B. Yagmur, 2007. The effects of calcium sulphate on growth, membrane stability and nutrient uptake of tomato plants grown under salt stress, Environ. Exp. Bot, 59: 173-178.
  • [35] Weber, D.J., R. Ansari, B. Gul, M.A. Khan, 2007. Potential of halophytes as source of edible oil, J. Arid Environ. 68: 315-321.
  • [36] White, P.J., M.R. Broadley, 2003. Calcium in plants, Ann. Bot. 92: 487-511.
  • [37] Winicov, I., 1998. New molecular approaches to improving salt tolerance in crop plants, Ann. Bot., 82: 703-710.

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.