Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2016 | 25 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Bio-swale column experiments and simulation of hydrologic impacts on urban road stormwater runoff

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The acceleration of urbanization has resulted in the increase of urban surface runoff. Bio-swale is a promising stormwater control measure that has been proven to be hydrologically effective on urban surface runoff. Column studies were conducted to determine the optimal bio-swale composition. Results demonstrated that water reduction was proportional to inflow decrease. Columns that planted border privet and Ophiopogon japonicus showed a larger water quantity reduction compared with that of planted boxwood and ryegrass, glossy privet and Chlorophytum comosum ‘Variegatum’ in vegetation tests, which was the same as the order of measured transpiration capacity of the plants. Water reduction rate increases dramatically with decreasing planting soil thickness. By contrast, no significant change occurs once the thickness of the artificial filler layer is altered. The bio-swale column with a high-infiltration rate artificial filler produced a good hydrological control effect. Sand was found to be the optimal media among the selected media compositions. Although the inclusion of an additional ponding depth affected total water reduction, it produced a stable outflow. SPSS software was used to assess the relationship between water reduction rate and its influence. On the one hand, water reduction rate increased linearly with increasing water inflow, soil thickness, and ponding depth. On the other, water reduction rate grew linearly with increasing plant factor and artificial filler infiltration rate. The multiple linear regression model revealing the relationship between the water reduction effect, and its influencing factors were obtained via the stepwise regression method in the SPSS software.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • State Key Laboratory Base of Eco-Hydraulic Engineering in Arid area, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710048, China
  • State Key Laboratory Base of Eco-Hydraulic Engineering in Arid area, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710048, China
  • State Key Laboratory Base of Eco-Hydraulic Engineering in Arid area, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710048, China
  • State Key Laboratory Base of Eco-Hydraulic Engineering in Arid area, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710048, China
  • School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Xi’an University of Science and Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710054, China
  • 1. NOVOTNY V. Nonpoint pollution and urban stormwater management. Technomic, Lancaster, PA, 1995.
  • 2. USEPA. Low impact development (LID): A literature review. EPA-841-B-00-005, Office of Water, Washington, DC, 2000.
  • 3. COFFMAN L. Low-impact development design strategies, an integrated design approach. EPA 841-B-00-003, Dept. of Environmental Resources, Programs, and Planning Division, Prince George's County, MD, 2000.
  • 4. CHANG N.B. Hydrological connections between low-impact development, watershed best management practices, and sustainable development. J. Hydrol. Eng. 15, 384, 2010.
  • 5. DAVIS A.P., SHOKOUHIAN M., SHARMA H., MINAMI C. Laboratory study of biological retention for urban stormwater management. Water Environ. Res. 73, 5, 2001.
  • 6. SEBY F., POTIN-GAUTIER M., GIFFAUT E., BORGE G., DONARD O.F. X. A critical review of thermodynamic data for selenium species at 25°C. Chem. Geol. 171, 173, 2001.
  • 7. TROWSDALE S.A., SIMCOCK R. Urban stormwater treatment using bioretention. J. Hydrol. 397 (3-4), 167, 2011.
  • 8. LIU J., DAVIS A. P. Phosphorus Speciation and Treatment Using Enhanced Phosphorus Removal Bioretention. Environ. Sci. Technol. 48, 607, 2014.
  • 9. HUNT W.F., JARRETT A.R., SMITH J. T., SHARKEY L.J. Evaluating bioretention hydrology and nutrient removal at three field sites in North Carolina. J. Irrg. Drain. Eng. 132, 600, 2006.
  • 10. HEASOM W., TRAVER R., WELKER A. Hydrologic modeling of a bioinfiltration best management practice. J. Am. Water Resour. As. 42, 1329, 2006.
  • 11. HUNT W. F., SMITH J. T., JADLOCKI S. J., HATHAWAY J. M., EUBANLS P. R. Pollutant removal and peak flow mitigation by a bioretention cell in urban Charlotte, NC. J. Environ. Eng. 134, 403, 2008.
  • 12. DAVIS A.P. Field performance of bioretention: Hydrology impacts. J. Hydrol. Eng. 13, 90, 2008.
  • 13. LI H., SHARKEY L. J., HUNT W. F., DAVIS A. P. Mitigation of impervious surface hydrology using bioretention in Maryland and North Carolina. J. Hydrol. Eng. 14, 407, 2009.
  • 14. DAVIS A.P., TRAVER R.G., HUNT W.F., BROWN R.A., LEE R., OLSZEWSKI J. M. Hydrologic performance of bioretention stormwater control measures. J. Hydrol. Eng. 17, 604, 2012.
  • 15. HUNT W.F., DAVIS A.P., TRAVER R.G. Meeting Hydrologic and Water Quality Goals through Targeted Bioretention Design. J. Environ. Eng. 138, 698, 2012.
  • 16. OLSZEWSKI J.M., DAVIS A.P. Comparing the Hydrologic Performance of a Bioretention Cell with Predevelopment Values. J. Irrg. Drain. Eng. 139, 124, 2013.
  • 17. BARRETT M.E., LIMOUZIN M., LAWLER D.F. Effects of media and plant selection on biofiltration performance. J. Environ. Eng. 139, 462, 2013
  • 18. O'NEILL S.W., DAVIS A.P. Water treatment residual as a bioretention amendment for phosphorus. I: Evaluation studies. J. Environ. Eng. 138, 318, 2012.
  • 19. O'NEILL S.W., DAVIS A.P. Water treatment residual as a bioretention amendment for phosphorus. II: Long-term column studies. J. Environ. Eng. 138, 328, 2012.
  • 20. GLAISTER B.J., FLETCHER T.D., COOK P.L., HATT B.E. Co-optimisation of phosphorus and nitrogen removal in stormwater biofilters: the role of filter media, vegetation and saturated zone. Water Sci. Technol. 69, 1961, 2014.
  • 21. PAUS K.H., MORGAN J., GULLIVER J.S., HOZALSKI R.M. Effects of bioretention media compost volume fraction on toxic metals removal, hydraulic conductivity, and phosphorous release. J. Environ. Eng. 140, 04014033-1, 2014.
  • 22. PAUS K.H., MORGAN J., GULLIVER J.S., LEIKNES T., HOZALSKI R.M. Effects of temperature and NaCl on toxic metal retention in bioretention media. J. Environ. Eng. 140, 04014034-1, 2014.
  • 23. FENG W., HATT B.E., MCCARTHY D.T., FLETCHER T.D., DELETIC A. Biofilters for stormwater harvesting: understanding the treatment performance of key metals that pose a risk for water use. Environ. Sci. technol. 46, 5100, 2012.
  • 24. LIM H.S., LIM W., HU J.Y., ZIEGLER A., ONG S.L. Comparison of filter media materials for heavy metal removal from urban stormwater runoff using biofiltration systems. J. Environ. Manage. 147, 24, 2015.
  • 25. GUO H., LIM F.Y., ZHANG Y., LEE L.Y., HU J.Y., ONG S.L.,YAU W.L., ONG G.S. Soil column studies on the performance evaluation of engineered soil mixes for bioretention systems. Desalin. Water Treat. 54, 3661, 2015.
  • 26. LU J.S., CHEN Y., ZHENG Q., RUI D.U., WANG S.P., WANG J.P. Derivation of Rainstorm Intensity Formula in Xi'an City. China water & waste water. 26 (17), 82, 2010 [in Chinese].
  • 27. KUICHLING E. The relation between the rainfall and the discharge of sewers in populous districts. T. Am. Soc. Civil Eng. 20, 11,1889.
  • 28. NASH J. E., SUTCLIFFE J. V. River flow forecasting through conceptual models, Part I: A discussion of principles. J. Hydrol. 10 , 282, 1970.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.