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1989 | 40 | 5-6 |
Tytuł artykułu

The activity of mitochondrial enzymes in the muscles of rats subjected to physical training and subchronical intoxication with lead and zinc

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Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Łaszczyca, P: The activity of mitochondrial enzymes in the muscles of rats subjected to physical training and subchronical intoxication with lead and zinc. Acta physiol, pol., 1989,40(5-6): 544-551. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of lead and excess zinc on the adaptation of mitochondria from skeletal muscles to physical effort. Rats were intoxicated once a week for 12 weeks by subcutaneous injection of the solution containing 2 mg Zn⁺² and/or 3 mg Pb⁺² per kg of body weight. During the last 6 weeks, 6 times weekly, rats performed endurance training which involved swimming 15 minutes daily with additional load of 5% of the body weight. The activities of isocitrate (ICD), malate (SDH), succinate (MDH) dehydrogenases, cytochrome oxidase (COX) and protein content (PM) were determined in the mitochondrial fractions obtained from the soleus muscle (ST fibres), and from the superficial (FTb fibres) and deep (FTa fibres) parts of the gastrocnemius muscle. In the control group (C), which was injected with saline, higher activities of ICD and MDH were obtained in FTa and FTb fibres than in the ST fibres. SDH and COX had higher activities in FTa and ST compared to FTb fibres. Zinc treatment (Zn) caused diminution of ICD, SDH and COX activities in ST fibres. Lead intoxication (Pb) resulted in a decrease of MDH activity in all fibre types, and in a decrease of SDH activity in ST fibres. Simultaneous action of zinc and lead produced an increase in ICD activity and diminution of COX activity in FTb fibres. It also resulted in an increase of SDH and decrease of COX activity in ST fibres. These results suggest that the ST fibres are more susceptible to disturbances of adaptation to physical exercise caused by zinc and lead. There are no signs of uniform antagonism between zinc and lead action in the processes under investigation.
Słowa kluczowe
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-
Rocznik
Tom
40
Numer
5-6
Opis fizyczny
p.544-551,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Chair of Human and Animal Physiology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
Bibliografia
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Bibliografia
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