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Zawartość dioksyn, furanów i PCB w jajach - badania z lat 2006-2014

Warianty tytułu
Dioxins, furans and PCBs in eggs: results of 2006-2014 surveys
Języki publikacji
Food products of animal origin are the primary source of human exposure to persistent organic compounds such as polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), including dioxin-like PCBs (dl-PCBs) and non-dioxin-like PCBs (ndl-PCBs). For about two decades it has been known that some production systems may be responsible for elevated levels of these contaminants in eggs. This paper presents the results of the official survey of PCDD/Fs and PCBs in eggs carried out in the years 2006-2014 and describes the sources of contamination in cases exceeding the maximum permitted levels. Furthermore, the risk assessment of exposure for various groups of consumers was conducted. The contaminants were found in the eggs from all bird species (hens, quails, ducks, and geese). Generally, the levels of PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs in eggs were low and did not exceed the permitted limit (set only for hen eggs). However, in the case of eggs from free-ranging hens, contents of the toxic compounds were significantly higher. In addition, 10% of these egg samples exceeded the maximum permitted levels. With the exception of one sample, the levels of ndl-PCBs were much lower than the levels set by EU legislation. Examination of feed from farms with non-compliant results did not show increased concentrations of dioxins, furans and dl-PCBs. In five cases, soil was the source of contamination (in one case, in addition to soil, also vegetation and crushed building materials on the farm). The sources of contamination were proven with the correspondence of congener profiles. However, in some instances the source of contamination remained unknown. All through risk assessment, long-term consumption of free range eggs with increased content of dioxins, furans and dl-PCBs may lead to the unacceptable exposure to these contaminants, especially for children. Sometimes, the estimated intake stood even higher than the toxicological reference value. Minimizing the risk associated with human exposure to persistent organic pollutants is an important element of the policy on improving public health. Due to the ability of dioxins and PCBs to accumulate in the food chain, at the end of which there are humans, constant monitoring of food is advised. In the case of eggs, particular attention should be paid to those obtained from free-ranging hens.
Opis fizyczny
  • Zakład Radiobiologii, Państwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Al.Partyzantów 57, 24-100 Puławy
  • Zakład Toksykologii i Oceny Ryzyka, Narodowy Instytut Zdrowia Publicznego - Państwowy Zakład Higieny, ul.Chocimska 24, 00-791 Warszawa
  • Zakład Radiobiologii, Państwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Al.Partyzantów 57, 24-100 Puławy
  • Zakład Radiobiologii, Państwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Al.Partyzantów 57, 24-100 Puławy
  • Zakład Radiobiologii, Państwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Al.Partyzantów 57, 24-100 Puławy
  • Zakład Radiobiologii, Państwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Al.Partyzantów 57, 24-100 Puławy
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