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2011 | 19 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

The influence of bioproducts on root growth and mycorrhizal occurrence in the rhizosphere of strawberry plants ‘Elsanta’

Warianty tytułu
PL
Wplyw bioproduktow na wzrost korzeni i wystepowanie mikoryz w rizosferze roslin truskawki "Elsanta"
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
An experiment was carried out in a greenhouse of the Research Institute of Horticulture (RIH) to evaluate the effect of new organic fertilizers and amendments on root growth and mycorrhizal abundance and species richness in the rhizosphere of strawberry plants cv. 'Elsanta'. The plants were grown in rhizoboxes (sized 37 cm x 1.8 cm x 20 cm), filled with 1.85 kg of a podsolic soil collected from an uncultivated field of an experimental organic orchard of the RIH. The soil characteristics were: pH 5.5, organic matter content 1.5%, P content 51 mg P kg-1, K content 158 mg K kg- 1 . The plants were treated with different organic fertilizers and amendments: dry granulated bovine manure (Doktor O'grodnik), extract of vermicompost (Humus UP), extract of humates (Humus Active + Aktywit PM), plant extract (BioFeed Amin), extract from several seaweed species reinforced with humic and fulvic acids (BioFeed Quality), a consortium of beneficial soil organisms (Micosat), a stillage from yeast production (Vinassa) and a solution of titanium (Tytanit). Plants treated with BioFeed Amin, BioFeed Quality, Micosat, Vinassa and Tytanit received also half dose of dry manure. A standard NPK fertilization (NPK control) and a not fertilized control were also included. The following parameters were measured: root growth and morpho­logical parameters, number of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) spores, mycorrhizal frequency of AMF in the roots. The chemical composition of the applied products and of soil were also determined.
PL
Doświadczenie prowadzono w kompleksie szklarniowym Instytutu Ogrodnictwa przez 5 miesięcy z użyciem sadzonek frigo truskawki odmiany 'Elsanta'. Rośliny posadzono w rizoboksach o wymiarach 37 cmx 1.8 cm x 20 cm, wypełnionych glebą bielicową (1,85 kg) pochodzącą z nieuprawianych poletek z Ekologicznego Sadu Doświadczalnego IO (pH 5.5, zawartość materii organicznej - 1,5%, zawartość P - 51 mg P kg-1, zawartość K - 158 mg K kg-1). Rośliny nawożono różnymi nawozami organicznymi i dodatkami - suchym granulowanym obornikiem bydlęcym (Doktor O'grodnik), ekstraktem z wermikompostu (Humus UP), ekstraktem kwasów huminowych (Humus Activ + Aktywit PM), ekstraktem z ro ślin (BioFeed Amin), ekstraktem z roślin wodnych wzbogaconych kwasami huminowymi i fulwowymi (BioFeed Quality), mieszaniną pożytecznych mikroorganizmów glebowych (Micosat), produktem odpadowym z produkcji drożdży piekarniczych (Vinassa), biostymulatorsm Tytanit. Wszystkie bioprodukty uzupełniano obornikiem, który był źródłem azotu. Kontrole stanowiły rośliny nawożone NPK oraz nienawożone. Badano następujące parametry: cechy wzrostu i morfologii korzeni, liczbę spor arbuskularnych grzybów mikoryzowych (AMF), stopień frekwencji mikoryzowej grzybów AMF w korzeniach, skład chemiczny zastosowanych produktów i gleby. Bioprodukty Micosat i BF Amin + obornik w największym stopniu wpłynęfy na zasiedlanie korzeni ro ślin truskawki odmiany 'Elsanta' przez arbuskularne grzyby mikoryzowe. Nawożenie bioproduktami BF Quality i BF Amin miało istotny wpfyw na formowanie spor grzybów AMF w kulturach pułapkowych, założonych z gleby rizosferowej badanych roślin truskawki. Zastosowane bioprodukty miały korzystny wpfyw na cechy wzrostu korzeni w porównaniu z roślinami nawożonymi NPK. Aplikacja BF Quality i Humus UP wpłynęł na zmniejszenie zawartości składników mineralnych w glebie. Badania opisane w niniejszej pracy wykonano w ramach projektu EkoTechProdukt, współfinansowanego w ramach Programu Operacyjnego Innowacyjna Gospodarka (nr kontraktu UDA-POIG.01.03.01-10-109/08-00).
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
19
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.13-34,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Research Institute of Horticulture, Department of Pomology, Pomologiczna 18, 96-100 Skierniewice, Poland
autor
autor
autor
autor
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