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2019 | 79 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Distinct classes of low frequency ultrasonic vocalizations in rats during sexual interactions relate to different emotional states

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This study examined low-frequency ultrasonic vocalizations (lUSVs) in rats during two types of sexual interactions: postejaculatory interval (PEI) and barrier – noncontact (NC) test. We report distinct classes of IUSVs that can be assigned to different emotional states; relaxation vs. frustration. Totally flat, 22-kHz calls (Class A), were observed during the relaxation state following ejaculation; characterized by immobilization or grooming during the PEI. On the other hand, twothree component IUSVs (Class B) that start at a higher frequency (45-kHz: flat, upward or short signal) and then shift to 35-23kHz (mostly to 2823-kHz), correspond as we assume, to arousal and frustration – active states associated with sniffing a hole or exploration during the NC test. We suggest that momentary, abrupt decreases of arousal during the frustration state correspond to Class B IUSVs. The detailed spectral analysis of the high-frequency component of twocomponent IUSVs is crucial for establishing the relationship between such IUSVs and the corresponding behavior and emotional states. Our studies indicate that while the twocomponent Class B 22-kHz IUSVs may relate to the frustration state, a single component, flat, Class A IUSV relates to the relaxation state. The results of these studies support a notion that rats emit distinct vocalization patterns, reflecting their emotional states.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
79
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.1-12,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Laboratory of Centre for Preclinical Research, Department of Experimental and Clinical Physiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
  • Laboratory of Centre for Preclinical Research, Department of Experimental and Clinical Physiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Department for Experimental Medicine, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
  • Laboratory of Centre for Preclinical Research, Department of Experimental and Clinical Physiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
  • Laboratory of Centre for Preclinical Research, Department of Experimental and Clinical Physiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston MA, USA
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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