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2009 | 31 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Main centres of nitrate and nitrite reduction in young and nodulated yellow lupine (Lupinus luteus)

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Nitrate and nitrite reduction centers in nonnodulated and symbiotic yellow lupine were analyzed. In young seedlings, nitrate was exclusively accumulated in roots, which also was shown as the main nitrate reduction center. In contrast, leaves were shown to play a key role in nitrite reduction. A similar distribution of nitrate reductase (NR) and nitrite reductase was found in nodulated plants. However, in field conditions characterized by low nitrate content, a disproportionately high level of NR activity in nodules was also observed during all stages of symbiotic growth. This feature was confirmed in nitrate-fed hydroponic cultures. Nodule NR activity was one order of magnitude higher than in roots, in spite of the small stored nitrate pool found inside nodules. This suggests that nodule NR activity had been induced not by nitrate itself but indirectly. Since bacteroids were shown to be responsible for the vast majority of nodule NR activity, the plausible explanation of this effect seems to be a dissimilatory nature of rhizobial NR. Considering that environmental nitrate could cause hypoxia inside nodules, this is the proposed way of the observed nodule NR induction.
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  • Institute of Experimental Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznan, Poland
  • Institute of Experimental Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznan, Poland
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