Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2011 | 66 |
Tytuł artykułu

The greater growth rate of male over female of the dioecious tree Juniperus thurifera only in worse habitat conditions

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Dioecy is a mating system in which a greater reproductive effort has been observed in one sex than the other. This is expressed in differences between the sexes in growth rate and spatial segregation. The spatial structure of Juniperus thurifera subsp. thurifera and Juniperus communis subsp. communis and growth rate of tree-ring width of J. thurifera were tested in different habitat conditions in Santo Domingo de Silos in northern Spain. We analyzed junipers growing on the eastern slope, with better habitat conditions, and the western, with poorer habitat conditions. The studies found that males of J. communis were taller when compared to the females, both on the eastern and the western slope. J. thurifera females were taller on the eastern slope (the better habitat), but shorter on the western slope as compared to males. J. thurifera males and females on the eastern slope had the greater tree-ring width in comparison with those on the western slope. The annual tree–ring width of males dominated over females on both slopes at first, probably from the time of sexual maturation. However, these differences persisted to the end of the analyzed period only on the poorer western slope. The growth rate of females and males after several years was equal on the eastern slope. Spatial segregation has not been shown, probably due to the homogeneity of the habitat on both slopes. Studies have shown that the decrease of growth rate in J. thurifera females can occur only in the poorer habitat conditions.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Institute of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Parkowa 5, 62-035 Kórnik, Poland
  • University of Zielona Góra, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Prof. Z. Szafrana 1, 65-516 Zielona Góra, Poland
  • of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Parkowa 5, 62-035 Kórnik, Poland
  • Botanical Institute of Barcelona (CSIC-ICUB). Passeig Migdia s/n, 08038 Barcelona, Spain
  • of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Parkowa 5, 62-035 Kórnik, Poland
  • Departament of Sylviculture, Faculty of Forestry, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 69, 60-625 Poznań, Poland
  • Adams R.P. 2008. Junipers of the world: the genus Juniperus. Trafford Publishing, Vancouver.
  • Alonso Ponce R., Sánchez Palomares O., Roig Gómez S., López Senespleda E., Gandullo Gutiérrez J.M. 2010. Las estaciones ecológicas actuales y potenciales de los sabinares albares españoles. Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología
  • Agraria y Alimentaria. Monografías INIA serie Forestal 19: 1–188.
  • Baddeley A., Turner R. 2005: Spatstat and R package for analyzing spatial point patterns (with discussion). Journal of Statistic Software 12: 1–42.
  • Bañuelos M.J., Obeso J.R. 2004. Resource allocation in the dioecious shrub Rhamnus alpinus: the hidden costs of reproduction. Evolutionary Ecology Research 6: 397–413.
  • Bierzychudek P., Eckhart V. 1988. Spatial segregation of the sexes of dioecious plants. American Naturalist 132: 34–43.
  • Bochet E., García-Fayos P., Poesen J. 2009. Topographic thresholds for plant colonization on semi-arid eroded slopes. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 34: 1758–1771.
  • Cedro A., Iszkuło G. 2011. Do females differ from males of European yew (Taxus baccata L.) in dendrochronological analysis? Tree-Ring Research 67: 3–11.
  • Charco J. 2001. Guía de los árboles y arbustos del N de Africa. Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional, Madrid.
  • Chen F.G., Chen L.H., Zhao H.X., Korpelainen H., Li C.Y. 2010. Sex-specific responses and tolerances of Populus cathayana to salinity. Physiologia Plantarum 140: 163–173.
  • Chmura D. 2008. The slope aspect affects the heterogeneity and growth of ground flora vegetation in deciduous temperate forest. Polish Journal of Ecology 56: 463–470.
  • Cortés A., Soriano M.A., Maestro A., Casas A.M. 2003. The role of tectonic inheritance in the development of recent fracture systems, Duero basin, Spain. International Journal of Remote Sensing 24: 4325–4345.
  • Dawson T.E., Bliss L.C. 1989. Patterns of water use and the tissue-water relations in the dioecious shrub, Salix arctica. The physiological basis for habitat partitioning between the sexes. Oecologia 79: 332–343.
  • Desta F., Colbert J.J., Rentch J.S., Gottschalk K.W. 2004. Aspect induced differences in vegetation, soil, and microclimatic characteristics of an Appalachian watershed. Castanea 69: 92–108.
  • Dounavi A., Koutsias N., Ziehe M., Hattemer H.H. 2010. Spatial patterns and genetic structures within beech populations (Fagus sylvatica L.) of forked and non-forked individuals. European Journal of Forest Research 129: 1191–1202.
  • Dudley L. 2006. Ecological correlates of secondary sexual dimorphism in Salix glauca (Salicaceae). American Journal of Botany 93: 1775–1783.
  • Faliński J.B. 1998. Dioecious woody pioneer species (Juniperus communis, Populus tremula, Salix sp. div in the secondary succession and regeneration. Phytocoenosis 8 (N.S.) Seminarium Geobotanicum 10.
  • FAO 2006. World reference base for soil resources 2006. A framework for international classification, correlation and communication. World Soil Resources Reports n. 103. Roma.
  • Farjon A. 2005. A monograph of Cupressaceae and Sciadopitys. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fortin M.J., Dale M.R.T. 2005. Spatial analysis: a guide for ecologists. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Freeman C., Doust J.L., El-Keblawy A., Miglia K.J., McArthur E.D. 1997. Sexual specialization and inbreeding avoidance in the evolution of dioecy. The Botanical Review 63: 65–92.
  • Freeman D.C., Klikoff L.G., Harper K.T. 1976. Differential resource utilization by the sexes of dioecious plants. Science 193: 597–599.
  • Freeman D.C., McArthur E.D., Sanderson S.C., Tiedemann A.R. 1993. The influence of topography on male and female fitness components of Atriplex canescens. Oecologia 93: 538–547.
  • Givnish T. 1980. Ecological constraints on the evolution of breeding systems in seed plants: dioecy and dispersal in gymnosperms. Evolution 34: 959–972.
  • Goreaud F., Pélissier R. 1999. On explicit formulas of edge effect correction for Ripley’s K-function. Journal of Vegetation Science 10: 433–438.
  • Goreaud F., Pélissier R. 2003. Avoiding misinterpretation of biotic interactions with the intertype K12-function: population independence vs. random labelling hypotheses. Journal of Vegetation Science 14: 681–692.
  • Haase P. 1995. Spatial pattern analysis in ecology based on Ripley’s K-function: Introduction and methods of edge correction. Journal of Vegetation Science 6: 575–582.
  • Heilbuth J.C. 2000. Lower species richness in dioecious clades. American Naturalist 156: 221–241.
  • Heilbuth J.C., Illves K., Otto S.P. 2001. The consequences of dioecy for seed dispersal: modelling the seed-shadow handicap. Evolution 55: 880–888.
  • Holmes R.L. 1994. Dendrochronology program library user’s manual. University of Arizona, Laboratory of Tree Ring Research, Tucson.
  • Hughes F.M.R., Johansson M., Xiong S., Carlborg E., Hawkins D., Svedmark M., Hayes A., Goodall A., Richards K.S., Nilsson Ch. 2010. The influence of hydrological regimes on sex ratios and spatial segregation of the sexes in two dioecious riparian shrub species in northern Sweden. Plant Ecology 208: 77–92.
  • Illian J., Penttinen A., Stoyan H., Stoyan D. 2008. Statistical analysis and modelling of spatial point patterns. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.
  • Iszkuło G., Boratyński A. 2011. Initial period of sexual maturity determines the greater growth rate of male over female in the dioecious tree Juniperus communis subsp. communis. Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology 37: 99–102.
  • Iszkuło G., Jasińska A., Giertych M.J., Boratyński A. 2009. Do secondary sexual dimorphism and female intolerance to drought influence the sex ratio and extinction risk of Taxus baccata? Plant Ecology 200: 229–240.
  • Iszkuło G., Jasińska A.K., Sobierajska K. 2011. Dendroecological differences between Taxus baccata males and females in comparison with monoecious Abies alba. Dendrobiology 65: 55-61.
  • Koenig W.D., Knops J.M.H. 1998. Scale of mast-seeding and tree-ring growth. Nature 396: 225–226.
  • Leigh A., Cosgrove M.J., Nicotra A.B. 2006. Reproductive allocation in a gender dimorphic shrub: anomalous female investment in Gynatrix pulchella? Journal of Ecology 94: 1261–1271.
  • Li C.Y, Xu G., Zang R.G., Korpelainen H., Berninger F. 2007. Sex-related differences in leaf morphological and physiological responses in Hippophaë rhamnoides along an altitudinal gradient. Tree Physiology 27: 399–406.
  • López R.P., Larrea-Alcázar D., Zenteno-Ruiz F. 2010. Spatial pattern analysis of dominant species in the Prepuna: gaining insight into community dynamics in the semi-arid, subtropical Andes. Journal of Arid Environments 74: 1534–1539.
  • Massei G., Watkins R., Hartley S.E. 2006. Sex-related growth and secondary compounds in Juniperus oxycedrus macrocarpa. Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology 29: 135–140.
  • Montesinos D., De Luís M., Verdú M., Raventós J., García-Fayos P. 2006. When, how and how much: Gender-specific resource-use strategies in the dioecious tree Juniperus thurifera. Annals of Botany 98: 885–889.
  • Morris R.F. 1951. The effects of flowering on the foliage production and growth of balsam fir. Forestry Chronicle 27: 40–57.
  • Nicotra A.B. 1998. Sex ratio variation and spatial distribution of Siparuna grandiflora, a tropical dioecious shrub. Oecologia 115: 102–113.
  • Obeso J.R. 2002. The costs of reproduction in plants. New Phytologist 155: 321–348.
  • Ortiz-Pulido R., Pavón N.P. 2010. Influence of slope orientation on sex ratio and size distribution in a dioecious plant Bursera fagaroides var. purpusii (Brandeg.) McVaugh and Rzed. (Burseraceae). Plant Ecology 208: 271–277.
  • Pannell J.R., Barrett S.C.H. 1998. Baker’s Law revisited: reproductive assurance in a metapopulation. Evolution 52: 657–668.
  • Perry G.L.W. 2004. SpPack: spatial point pattern analysis in Excel using Visual Basic for Applications (VBA). Environmental Modelling & Software 19: 559–659.
  • Perry G.L.W., Miller B.P., Enricht N.J. 2006. A comparison of methods for the statistical analysis of spatial point patterns in plant ecology. Plant Ecology 187: 59–82.
  • Peñuelas J., Filella I., Terradas J. 1999. Variability of plant nitrogen and water use in a 100-m transect of a subdesertic depression of the Ebro valley (Spain) characterized by leaf C and N. Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology 20: 119–123.
  • Powell G.R. 1977. Patterns of development of lateral buds in Abies balsamea. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 4: 458–469.
  • Price L. J. 1981. Mountain and man. A study of process and environment. University of California Press, London.
  • Queenborough S.A., Burslem D.F.R.P., Garwood N.C., Valencia R. 2007. Determination of biased sex ratios and inter-sex costs of reproduction in dioecious tropical forest trees. American Journal of Botany 94: 67–78.
  • Quézel P., Médail F. 2003. Écologie et biogéographie des forêts du Bassin méditerranéen. Elsevier, Paris.
  • Quintero I., Mansilla H., Martínez C. 1982. Mapa y memoria explicativa de la hoja 315 (Santo Domingo de Silos) del Mapa Geológico de España, a escala 1: 50.000 (2a edición). IGM, Madrid.
  • Rivas Martínez S. 1987. Memoria del mapa de series de vegetación de España, 1:400 000. ICONA, Madrid.
  • Rocheleau A.F., Houle G. 2001. Different cost of reproduction for the males and females of the rare dioecious shrub Corema conradii (Empetraceae). American Journal of Botany 88: 659–666.
  • Romo A. 1989. Aproximación a la vegetación del sector N del Sistema Ibérico. Turiaso 9: 385–394.
  • Romo A. 2000. El clima y la vegetación en el Alto Ebro. Actas del congreso de botánica en homenaje a Francisco Loscos (1823-1886): 327–340. Instituto de Estudios Turolenses, Teruel.
  • Romo A., Boratyński A. 2007. Nomenclatural note on Juniperus thurifera subsp. africana (Cupressaceae). Annales Botanici Fennici 44: 72–75.
  • Rozas V., Zas R., Solla A. 2009. Spatial structure of deciduous forest stands with contrasting human influence in northwest Spain. European Journal of Forest Research 128: 273–285
  • Santos T., Tellería J.L., Virgós E. 1999. Dispersal of Spanish juniper Juniperus thurifera by birds and mammals in a fragmented landscape. Ecography 22: 193–204.
  • Schmidt J.P. 2008. Sex ratio and spatial pattern of males and females in the dioecious sandhill shrub, Ceratiola ericoides (Empetraceae) Michx. Plant Ecology 196: 281–288.
  • Schweingruber F.H. 1988. Tree rings. Basics and applications of dendrochronology. Kluwer Academic Press, Dordrecht, Boston, London.
  • Szmyt J., Korzeniewicz R. 2007. Poziome rozmieszczenie drzew w osiemdziesięcioletnich gospodarczych drzewostanach świerkowych w Nadleśnictwie Sławno. Sylwan 9: 3–11.
  • Szwagrzyk J. 1992. Small scale spatial patterns of trees in a mixed Pinus sylvestris-Fagus sylvatica forest. Forest Ecology and Management 51: 301–315.
  • Szwagrzyk J., Czerwczak M. 1993. Spatial patterns of trees in natural forests of East-Central Europe. Journal of Vegetation Science 4: 469–476.
  • Szwagrzyk J., Ptak J. 1991. Analizy struktury przestrzennej populacji i zbiorowisk oparte na znajomości rozmieszczenia osobników. Wiadomości Ekologiczne 2: 107–124.
  • Ueno N., Seiwa K. 2003. Gender-specific shoot structure and functions in relation to habitat conditions in a dioecious tree, Salix sachalinensis. Journal of Forest Research 8: 9–16.
  • Ueno N., Suyama Y., Seiwa K. 2007. What makes the sex ratio female-biased in the dioecious tree Salix sachalinensis? Journal of Ecology 95: 951–959.
  • Vamosi J.C., Vamosi S.M. 2005. Present day risk of extinction may exacerbate the lower species richness of dioecious clades. Diversity and Distributions 11: 25–32.
  • Walter H., Lieth H. 1960. Klimadiagram-Weltatlas. VEB Gustav Fisher Verlag, Jena.
  • Warren R.J. 2008. Mechanisms driving understory evergreen herb distributions across slope aspects: as derived from landscape position. Plant Ecology 198: 297–308.
  • Wiegand T., Moloney K.A. 2004. Rings, circles and null-models for point pattern analysis in ecology. Oikos 104: 209–229.
  • Youngblood A., Max T., Coe K. 2004. Stand structure in eastside old-growth ponderosa pine forests of Oregon and northern California. Forest Ecology and Management 199: 191–217.
  • Zhang S., Jiang H., Peng S.M., Korpelainen H., Li C.Y. 2011. Sex-related differences in morphological, physiological, and ultrastructural responses of Populus cathayana to chilling. Journal of Experimental Botany 62: 675–686.
  • Zhao H.X., Xu X., Zhang Y.B., Korpelainen H., Li C.Y. 2011. Nitrogen deposition limits photosynthetic response to elevated CO2 differentially in a dioecious species. Oecologia 165: 41–54.
rekord w opracowaniu
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.