Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2012 | 52 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

The integration between Trichogramma evanescens west. (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatide) and selected bioinsecticides for controlling the potato tuber moth Phthorimaea operculella (Zell.) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) of stored potatoes

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The efficacy of the egg-egg parasitoid Trichogramma evanescens (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) and certain bioinsecticides (e.g., Neemix, Virotecto, Agerin, Dipel 2x and Spinosad) for controlling the potato tuber moth (PTM), Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) under storage conditions was studied. Single and combined treatments of T. evanescens and the bioinsecticides were tested. Neemix and spinosad were evaluated as spray treatments. Virotecto, Agerin and Dipel 2x were evaluated as dust and spray treatments. Data were recorded in terms of rate of infestation, reduction of infestation, number of P. operculella pupae, and number of mines per 20 tubers as well as percentage of edible parts. Data revealed that the percentage of infestation in the control treatment was as high as in the Neemix treatment being 96.67 and 90% after one and two months of storage, respectively. Obviously, Spinosad and Dipel 2x were the most effective bioinsecticides in reducing tuber infestation and number of P. operculella recovered pupae. Virotecto and Agerin reduced rate of infestation and number of recovered P. operculella pupae over that of the control, but their effect was significantly lower than that of Spinosad or Dipel 2x. Moreover, there were significant differences among treatments in the form of the number of P. operculella tunnels and percentages of edible parts after two months in storage. Data further indicated that the integration between the tested bioinsecticides and T. evanescens enhanced the control of P. operculella. Significant differences in percentages of infestation, edible parts, number of recovered pupae as well as number of mines in stored potatoes existed between individual treatments (without Trichogramma) and combined treatments.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Suez Canal University, 41522 Ismailia, Egypt
  • Agamy E. A. 2003. The inundative release of Trichogramma evanescens West. as biocontrol agent against the potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller). Egyptian J. Biol. Pest Control 13 (1-2): 101-104.
  • Atwa D. 2009. Biological Control Studies on the Potato Tuber Moth Infesting Stored Potatoes in Egypt. M. Sc. thesis, faculty of Agriculture, Suez Canal University, 128 pp.
  • Chandel R. S., Chandla V. K. 2005. Integrated control of potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) in Himachal Pradesh. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 75 (4): 837-839.
  • Debnath M. C., Khound J. N., Dutta S. K., Sarmah P. C. 1998. Management of potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) in potato storage. J. Agric. Sci. Soc. North East India 11 (1): 55-60.
  • Farrag R. M. 1998. Control of the potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella Zeller (Lepidoptera Gelechiidae) at storage. Egyptian J. Agric. Res. 76 (4): 947-952.
  • Gomaa A. E., El-Nenaey H. M. 2006. Evaluation of certain controlling measures for Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) on potato in stores. Egyptian J. Agric. Res. 84 (1): 31-41.
  • Hossain S. M. Z., Das G. P., Alam M. Z. 1994. Use of various indigenous materials and insecticides in controlling potato tuber moth in storage. Bull. Institute of Tropical Agriculture Kyushu University 17 (1): 79-84.
  • Islam M. N., Karim M. A., Nessa Z. 1990. Control of the potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in the storehouses for seed and ware potatoes in Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Zool. 18 (1): 41-52.
  • Islam M. N., Nessa Z., Karim M. A. 1991. Management of the potato tuber moth Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) for seed and ware potatoes in Bangladesh. p. 140-154. In: Proceedings of First National Workshop on Tuber Crops. BARI, Joydebpur, Gazipur, May 28-30 1991, p. 286.
  • Keasar T., Sadeh A. 2007. The parasitoid Copidosoma koehleri provides limited control of the potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella, in stored potatoes. Biol. Control 42 (1): 55-60.
  • Mandour N. S., Mahmoud F. M., Osman M. A., Qiu B. L. 2008. Efficiency, intrinsic competition and interspecific host discrimination of Copidosoma desantisi and Trichogramma evanescens, two parasitoids of Phthorimaea operculella. Biocontrol Sci. Technol. 18 (9): 903-912.
  • Mandour N. S. 1997. Ecological and biological studies on the polyembryonic parasitoid Copidosoma desantisi Annecke & Mynhardt parasitic on the potato tuber moth in Suez Canal area. M. Sc. thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Suez Canal University, 135 pp.
  • Mandour N. S., Sarhan A., Ghanem M., Atwa D. 2009. Effect of certain bioinsecticides on the infestation rate and biological aspects of Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in store. Agric. Res. J., Suez Canal University 9 (1): 109-116.
  • Mikhael R. H. G. 1999. Biological control trials for controlling the potato tuberworm, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Annal. Agric. Sci. 37 (1): 701-707.
  • Ministry of Agriculture of Egypt. 2008. Statistics of Cultivated Areas with Different Vegetable Crops in Egypt. Ministry of Agriculture Press, Egypt, 180 pp.
  • Moawad G. M., Bekheit H. K., Mabrouk A. M., El-Bedewy R., Legnaui A. 1998. Potential uses of neem and insect pathogens for control of potato tuberworm, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) in storage. Annal. Agric. Sci. Cairo 1 (1): 297-308.
  • Rubio C., Vargas A., Lopez B. I., Avila A. 2004. Evaluation of the efficiency of Trichogramma lopezandinensis (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) to control Tecia solanivora (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in storage potato. Revista Colombiana de Entomology 30 (1): 107-114.
  • Salama H. S., Salem S. A. 2000. Bacillus thuringiensis and neem seed oil (Azadirachta indica) effects on the potato tuber moth Phthorimaea operculella Zeller in the field and stores. Arch. Phytopathol. Plant Protect. 33 (1): 73-80.
  • Salama H. S., Zaki F. N., Ragaei M., Sabbour M. 1995. Persistence and potency of Bacillus thuringiensis against Phthorimaea operculella (Zell.) (Lep., Gelechiidae) in potato stores. J. Appl. Entomol. 119 (4): 493-494.
  • Saour G. 2004. Efficacy assessment of some Trichogramma species (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) in controlling the potato tuber moth Phthorimaea operculella Zell. (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). J. Pest Sci. 77 (4): 229-234.
  • Sarhan A. A. 2004. One of the applied biological control program against the potato tuber moth, (Phthorimaea operculella Zeller) in stores. Egyptian J. Biol. Pest Control 14 (2): 291-298.
  • SAS Institute. 2003. SAS/STAT Version 8.2. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.
  • Shelton A. M., Wayman J. A. 1979. Potato tuberworm damage to potatoes under different irrigation and cultural practices. J. Econ. Entomol. 72: 261-264.
  • Sileshi G., Teriessa J. 2001. Tuber damage by potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in the field in eastern Ethiopia. Int. J. Pest Manage. 47 (2): 109-113.
  • Temerak S. A. 2003. Spinosad, a new naturally derived potato tuber worm control agent in comparisons to certain conventional insecticides. Assiut J. Agric. Sci. 34 (4): 153-162.
  • Trumble J., Alvarado-Rodriguez B. 1993. Development of economic evaluation of an IPM program for fresh market tomato production in Mexico. Agric. Ecosys. Environ. 43: 267-284.
Rekord w opracowaniu
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.