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2016 | 85 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Biometric features and content of phenolic compounds of roseroot (Rhodiola rosea L.)

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Roseroot (Rhodiola rosea L.) belongs to important herbs in folk medicine of Scandinavia, Russia, Mongolia, and China. Its therapeutic usage is mainly associated with the adaptogenic properties of this species. Roseroot is characterized by high morphological, phytochemical, and genetic differentiation. The aim of the present work was to determine the biometric and phytochemical co-variability of this taxon. Samples of Rh. rosea were collected from 4-year-old experimental field cultivation established by rhizome division in western Poland. For each plant, the biometric measurements of the clumps, shoots, leaves, and rhizomes with roots were carried out. In the underground plant parts (raw material), the contents of the main active compounds (phenylpropanoids, phenylethanoids, phenolic acids, and catechins) were determined by the HPLC-DAD method. K-means clustering analysis showed three well-separated plant groups of Rh. rosea that differed significantly in the level of most of the investigated components. It was interesting that in the raw material with a high content of phenylethanoids, a low level of phenyl­propanoids was found, and vice versa. These chemical groups clearly differed in luxuriance of plants, too. The important diagnostic feature was also the degree of leaf serration. The morphological and phytochemical co-variability of roseroot was confirmed by the correlations detected between some active compounds (especially catechins and rosavin) and biometric traits describing the size and serration of leaves, the size of clumps and shoots as well as the weight of the raw material.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
85
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
Article 3500 [10p.], fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Botany, Breeding and Agricultural Technology of Medicinal Plants, Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants, Kolejowa 2, 62-064 Plewiska, Poland
autor
  • Department of Botany, Breeding and Agricultural Technology of Medicinal Plants, Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants, Kolejowa 2, 62-064 Plewiska, Poland
  • Department of Pharmacology and Phytochemistry, Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants, Kolejowa 2, 62-064 Plewiska, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • 17. Wiedenfeld H, Dumaa M, Malinowski M, Furmanowa M, Narantuya S. Phytochemical and analytical studies of extracts from Rhodiola rosea and Rhodiola quadrifida. Pharmazie. 2007;62(4):308–311.
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  • 20. György Z, Szabó M, Bacharov D, Pedryc A. Genetic diversity within and among populations of roseroot (Rhodiola rosea L.) based on molecular markers. Not Bot Horti Agrobot Cluj Napoca. 2012;40(2):266–273.
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  • 26. Nukhimovskiĭ EL, IUrtseva NS, IUrtsev VN. Biomorfologicheskie osobennosti Rhodiola rosea L. pri vyrashchivanii (Moskovskaia oblast΄). Rastitel’nye Resursy. 1987;23(4):489–501.
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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