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2014 | 22 |
Tytuł artykułu

Ocena odporności wybranych linii ogórka na bakteryjną kanciastą plamistość (Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans)

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
EN
Evaluation of resistance of selected cucumber lines to angular leaf spot (Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans)
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
Angular leaf spot caused by bacteria Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans is a very common cucumber disease, which causes serious yield losses. The objective of this study was to examine the selected cucumber lines regarding their resistance to this pathogen. Twelve cucumber lines bred at the Research Institute of Horticulture were evaluated and compared with the resistant inbred line GY 14 and the susceptible cv. ‘Wisconsin SMR 18’. Plants were inoculated under controlled conditions at cotyledon stage (experiment I) and at leaves stage (experiment II) with the highly aggressive strain of P. s. pv. lachrymans BO 1537. Dis-ease severity was scored 8 days after inoculation using a nine-point rating scale (9 – no symptoms or a few pin-point lesions; 1 – damage up to 100% of leaves). Distribution of plants across severity classes and low variation coefficient indi-cate that all evaluated cucumber lines showed rather good uniformity in their re-spective degrees of resistance to this pathogen. All the materials tested presented lower disease severity in cotyledons stage than in leaves stage. It was also noted that greater differentiation among the lines in regard to their resistance to the bacteria was observed in the leaves stage. Two lines PW 2 and PW 7 exhibited the highest resistance against P. s. pv. lachrymans and can serve as a useful source of this trait in future breeding efforts.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
22
Opis fizyczny
s.41-49,tab.,rys.,bibliogr.
Twórcy
autor
  • Instytut Ogrodnictwa, ul.Konstytucji 3 Maja 1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice
autor
  • Instytut Ogrodnictwa, ul.Konstytucji 3 Maja 1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice
  • Instytut Ogrodnictwa, ul.Konstytucji 3 Maja 1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice
Bibliografia
  • Bartoszak K. 2004. Performance of pickling cucumber cultivars presently on the Polish national list. W: Lebeda A., Paris H.S. (red.), Progress in cucurbit genetics and breeding research. Olomouc, Palacký University, s. 333-336.
  • Bradbury J.F. 1986. Guide to plant pathogenic bacteria. CAB International Mycological Institute, London, s. 154-177.
  • Chand J.N., Walker J.C. 1964. Inheritance of resistance to angular leaf spot of cucumber. Phytopathology 54: 51-53.
  • Dessert J.M., Baker L.R., Fobes J.F. 1982. Inheritance of reaction to Pseudomonas lachrymans in pickling cucumber. Euphytica 31: 847-855.
  • Khlaif H. 1995. Varietal reaction and control of angular leaf spot disease on cucumber. Pure and Applied Science 22(5): 1201-1208.
  • King E.O., Ward N.K., Raney D.E. 1954. Two simple media for the demonstration of pyocyanin and fluorescin. The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 44: 301-307.
  • Kłossowska E. 1973. Badania nad odpornością ogórków na kanciastą plamistość (Pseudomonas lachrymans Smith i Bryan). Praca doktorska, Instytut Warzywnictwa, Skierniewice.
  • Leben C. 1986. Survival of Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans with cucumber roots. Plant Soil 91: 139-142.
  • Olczak-Woltman H., Masny A., Bartoszewski G., Plucienniczak A., Niemirowicz-Szczytt K. 2007. Genetic diversity of Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans strains isolated from cucumber leaves collected in Poland. Plant Pathology 56: 373-382.
  • Olczak-Woltman H., Schollenberger M., Mądry W., Niemirowicz-Szczytt K. 2008. Evaluation of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) cultivars grown in Eastern Europe and progress in breeding for resistance to angular leaf spot (Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans). European Journal of Plant Pathology 122: 385-393.
  • Pohronezny K., Larson P.O., Leben C. 1977. Observations on cucumber fruit invasion by Pseudomonas lachrymans. Plant Disease Reporter 62: 306-309.
  • Robak J. 2013. http://doradztwowarzywnicze.pl/ochrona-ogorkow-polowych-przed-chorobami.
  • Shila S.J., Islam M.R., Ahmed N.N., Dastogeer K.M.G., Meah M.B. 2013. Detection of Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans associated with the seeds of cucurbits. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research 1(1): 1-8. DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2013.010101.
  • Sherf A.F., Macnab A.A. 1986. Vegetable diseases and their control. Wiley – InterScience Publ., s. 311-315.
  • Sobiczewski P., Schollenberger M. 2002. Bakteryjne choroby roślin ogrodniczych. PWRiL, Warszawa.
  • Walczak F., Bandyk A., Jakubowska M., Roik K., Tratwal A., Wielkopolan B. i in. 2013. Ocena uszkodzeń spowodowanych przez najważniejsze agrofagi głównych roślin uprawnych w Polsce, w roku 2012. Progress in Plant Protection/Postępy w Ochronie Roślin 53(4): 856-877. DOI: 10.14199/ppp-2013-036.
  • Williams P.H., Palmer M.J. 1996. NC State and USDA cucumber disease hand-book. Angular leaf spot (Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans). http://cuke.hort.ncsu.edu/cucurbit/cuke/dshndbk/als.html
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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